Videos are the property of the Department of Anthropology and are to be used by the Anthropology faculty only.


1.   Alpaca Breeders of Chimboya    (30 min) - DVD
Originally done in Spanish and dubbed into English, this film explores the economic and social aspects of life in the Peruvian highlands. Its focus is a small village that derives much of its income from the sale of Alpaca wool to merchants in a nearby town. It looks at both the process (including a rather distressing scene of the helpless Alpacas being shorn) and the problems of being dependent on a single cash commodity. (most villagers are locked in a relationship with a single merchant, where they get an advance on their next batch of wool and are then compelled to sell to that merchant often at lower than fair market value). Icarus Films

2.   Among the Wild Chimpanzees (also U-Matic) Jane Goodall Archived
60 min TVI International.

3.   Annapurna Mahila Mandal : South Asia, Development and Women's Archived Perspective.  (13 min)
(Includes packets of written material and slides)., Use for Ant 553 Women and Social Change.  The Upper Midwest Women’s History Center

4.   Anthropology of Trial Hopi Songs of the Fourth World (51 min) - DVD (note 2nd  copy #74)
Brilliant film on contemporary Hopi culture as a “web of meaning.” Thematically organized around symbolism of corn, it interweaves many features of Hopi life culture. Good on “What is culture”, religion, Native North America, anthropology of art. 

5.   The Basques of Santazi  (51 min) - VHS
Every summer for hundreds of years, the Basque shepherds of Santazi have brought their sheep to pastures high in the French Pyrenees. Now their way of life is threatened by modern industry. This program follows two Basque families through a year of startling change. 1987.  Anthropologist: Sandra Ott.  Films Incorporated Video

6.    Becoming a Woman in Okrika  (27 min) - DVD
The visually stunning film documents an extraordinary coming of age ritual in a village in the Niger Delta. It suggests the conflict Third World women face between traditions and the values of the modern world.The rite, called Iria, consists of elaborately painting the young women's bodies with beautiful designs; subjecting their bodies to public scrutiny by the elder women; methodically fattening them; and teaching them; and teaching them the responsibilities of womanhood. After an elaborate celebration, they run a raced pursued by young men and their leader, representing a mythological personage who is armed with sticks. By passing through this rite, the women let go of girlish fantasies and prepare for childbearing. This unique film will provoke discussion in Women's Studies, African Studies, Anthropology and Development courses.   1991.  Filmmakers Library

7.    Becoming American  (58 min) - DVD
Follows a Southeast Asian Hmong family from a refugee camp in Thailand to Seattle, exploring cross-cultural issues during a nine-month period. The film records a poignant odyssey as Hang Sou and his family finally arrive in America and face nine months of intense cultural shock, prejudice and gradual adaption to their new home. The film provides rare personal insights into refugee resettlement and cultural diversity issues. 

9.   By This Song I Walk : Navaho Song   (25 min) - DVD
A complete performance of a song; discussing the multiple meanings/articulations available in the Navajo language. Used for Anthropological Linguistics. .  (includes background packet).  1995.  

10.   Contact: The Yanomami Indians of Brazil  (28 min)- DVD
This documentary shot in one of the most remote corners of the Brazilian Amazon, graphically depicts the devastating impact of contact with the outside world on an isolated indigenous tribe, the Yanomami Indians. They are considered to be the last major Stone Age people in the Amazon. since 1987, as the result of the incursion of Brazilian gold miners, an estimated fifteen- percent of the Yanomami Indians have died from malaria and related diseases to which they have little resistance. Further, the mining operations have polluted rivers and scared away game animals thereby destroying the Yanomami's traditional ecosystem. Although the Brazilian government is ostensibly trying to protect the Indians, such efforts are undermined by the fact that their mineral-rich ancestral land is coveted by mining interests.This frontier section of the Brazilian Amazon is labeled a national security zone and off limits to all unauthorized persons, including anthropologist. Producer Geoffrey O'Connor was smuggled into Yanomami territory so that he could record the plight of these endangered people. Filmmakers Library

11.   Dadi's Family   (60 min) - DVD
Use in Ant 225 South Asian Cultures, Ant 474/674 Culture and Folklore, Ant 361 Women and Culture, and Ant 363 Anthropology of Family Life. WCNY Odyssey

12.   Dead Men Talk  (50 min) -DVD
Disappearing World Series (VHS)  New Dimension Media, Inc.

13.    Digging for Slaves: the Excavation of American Slaves Sites  (50 min) -VHS
Between the 16th and the 19th centuries, some ten million Africans were kidnapped and transported as slaves to America. Now archaeologists are digging up American slaves sites for the first time, unearthing the realities of slave life and discovering their contributions of enslaved Africans to American society.This program provides many fascinating and surprising details at excavations of 18th-century slave quarters on Middleburg Plantation near Charleston; at Monticello, the home of Thomas Jefferson; and at Colonial Williamsburg, which until recently neglected to show the lives of the slaves who made up over half the town's population, but where a slave quarters is now being accurately reconstructed.  1989.  BBC- Films for the Humanities & Sciences

14.   Excalibur. Science Fiction    (140 min) Archived
Through the centuries, the story of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table has inspired poets and artists, plowmen and beggars.  And now the 1,500 year-old tale, first relayed from generation to generation by wandering balladeers, receives its most shimmering, brooding, glorious retelling: Exaliber 1981.  ORION pictures, Warner Brothers Inc.

15 A Franz Boas: The Shackles of Tradition   (50 min) -DVD
Boas was the first distinguished social scientist in the United States to challenge the prevailing concept of racial inferiority, and actively campaigned on behalf of blacks in America in the early part of the 20th century. Considered the founding father of American anthropology, Boas taught at Columbia University for fifty years, encouraging his students to follow his example by actually working in the field. COPY   Use in ANT 612 Ethnology.

  15 B Margaret Mead: Coming of Age    (50 min) -DVD
Although her fieldwork has been criticized and she stands accused of creating rather than developing conclusions, Margaret Mead was one of the foremost fieldworkers of her day. In the U.S., Bali and New Guinea, she examined child development, sex and temperament to see what role society plays in making people what they are. Adolescence was a time of emotional stress and personal conflict in America and Europe; Mead claimed that in Samoa, adolescence was an enjoyable and happy time of life. She emphasized that humans arrange their social worlds in many different ways, and that qualitative judgments cannot be made between them. COPY

16.   In Search of Cool Ground : The Mursi  (52 min) -VHS
The Mursi of southwestern Ethiopia have no chiefs or leaders. They practice a remarkable form of democracy in which all decisions are reached through tribal debates. Now, drought and famine are driving the Mursi into contact with the outside world.  52 min.  Anthropologist: David Turton.  1985.  Films Incorporate 

17.    Khyber     (52 min) Archived

The bloodiest massacre in the history of the British Empire occurred in January 1842, when 17, 000 British soldiers, women, and children were massacred by the Pathans in the Khyber Pass. The Pakistani army now patrols this sensitive region of the border of Pakistan and Afghanistan, but there is constant trouble from Pathans who love in the border region. 52 min.  Anthropologists : Akbar Ahmend and Louis Depree.  1979.  Films Incorporated Video  Use in ANT 121 Peoples and Cultures of the World.

18.   Macumba, Trance and Spirit Healing   (45 min) - DVD
In today's stressful world, millions of people turn to spiritualism for help. This film shows the roots and beliefs of Afrospirit religions as practiced by the privileged rich as well as the illiterate poor. Although shot principally in Rio de Janeiro, these sects are flourishing in the United States as well. Spiritism based on the belief that man can communicate with the super-natural world through mediums who act as intermediaries. Grouped commonly under the word "voodoo" or "macumba", these forbidden sects were the target of police raids. Now some of the techniques of trance healing are used by the medical profession to help individuals achieve personal and social equilibrium. In this film a doctor is seen treating schizophrenics, epileptics and drug addicts with spiritist techniques.  16 mm. Filmmakers Library

19.   Masai Manhood   (53 min) - VHS
Masai warriors live in the forest on the fringes of society. They are not allowed to marry and are excluded from decision making. Masai Manhood focuses on the lives of these young warriors, and culminates in the Eunoto, a dramatic, four-day ceremony that marks their transition from warrior to elder.  Anthropologist : Melissa Llewellyn-Davies.  1975.  Films Incorporated Video

20 A Disappearing World Series: Masai Women (52 min) - VHS
The Masai are animal herders on the East African Rift Valley. This program looks at the women of the tribe - from childhood through marriage to old age - and their role in a completely male-dominated society. Blue Ribbon, American Film Festival. Anthropologist: Melissa Llewellyn-Davies.  1974.  Films Incorporated Video

20 B The Masai of Kenya: Masai Women (53 min) - VHS 
The Masai are animal herders on the East African Rift Valley of Kenya and Tanzania. They are proud of not growing crops and devote themselves to their cattle. But only the men have rights to these cattle, and women are wholly dependent. "A barren woman is something bad to the Masai" explains Nolpiyaya, wife of a Masai elder. "There's nothing she can do. She looks after her husbands animals, but when he dies, she'll be mistreated. The sons of his other wives will tell her to go away so they can take her cows... she has no position." With the astonishingly candid Nolpiyaya as guide, MASAI WOMEN explores what it means to be a woman - from childhood, to taunted, weeping new bride, to old age - in a completely male dominated society

22.   An Oral Historian's Work   (33 min) - DVD

This video accompanies Professor Ives through a series of tape-recorded interviews with woodsmen and riverdrivers who worked in the Maine woods in the 1920’s.  Watching this oral history project unfold, you will learn the techniques Professor Ives has refined in thirty years of work in the field.  AN ORAL HISTORIAN’S WORK explains and demonstrates all you need to know to complete a successful oral history project.  Whether your interest is folklore, local history, business history, or genealogy, the basics are the same and this tape will take you step by step through each phase-1) evaluating your equipment 2) conducting pre-interview research 3) making contact with informants 4) getting the most out of each interview 5) preparing transcripts 5) preserving your work for future use. 1987.  University of Maine; Northeast Archives of Folklore & Oral History

24.   The Pathans  (45 min) Archived
Bound by a common language, a common heritage, and the powerful unifying force of Islam, Pathans do not acknowledge the geographical boundary between Afghanistan and Pakistan which divides their people. Their code of living is based on personal honor and revenge, and they accept no imposed leadership - as the Soviet invaders of Afghanistan discovered. Anthropologist: Akbar Ahmed.  1980.  Films Incorporated Video.  Use in Ant 121 People and Cultures of the World

25.  Disappearing World Series: The Quechua (51 min) - VHS
The Quechua live in an isolated region of the Peruvian Andes. Unlike many tribes in remote areas, they desperately want a road to link them with the outside world and its benefits, especially the tourist trade. This program focuses on a young family as they make the daunting trek to the spectacular festival of Qoyllur Rit'i, where they pray for the construction of the road.  Anthropologist: Michail Sallnow.  1974.  Films Incorporated Video.

26.   Reliving the Past   (57 min) Archived
Tarabulski. Logan Museum Expedition. COPY 

27.   The Rendille Cuiva (53 min) -VHS
Camels enable the Rendille to survive in the harsh Africa desert in which they live. Because these animals are so precious, every Rendille male must serve 14 years as a warrior herdsman before he is allowed to settle in the village. But long droughts have rapidly decreased the heard, and the herdsmen are being lured to big city life in Nairobi. Anthropologist: Anders Grum.  1977.  COPY

28.    Rings of Fire: an Indonesian Odyssey    (60 min) Archived
Vol. II & IV. The ten-year voyage of two filmmakers, brothers Lorne and Lawrence Blair, through the world's largest and least-known archipelago-the exotic, mysterious islands of Indonesia. These islands form a chain of active volcanoes that arc down and around into the Pacific to form the "Ring of Fire". To pass beyond it is to cross the threshold into another dimension-a magical land where ancient myths still flourish. COPY

30 B    Bronislaw Malinowski(1884-1942): Off the Veranda(52 min) - DVD
Bronislaw Malinowski changed the way that field studies were carried out. He began to work on a remote group of Pacific islands and lived for long periods among the people he was studying. A brilliant linguist, he quickly learned their language and later published books which brought the islanders to life. In this way, he made their work and lives intelligible to the West. The idea that native peoples were primitive savages was altered for good with  Malinowski's insight into the mastery of their world. Use for ANT 612. 

31. Strangers Abroad: Sir Walter Baldwin Spencer (52 min) - DVD
When Sir Walter Baldwin Spencer went to Australia, he thought the aborigines "looked more like wild beasts gnawing their prey than human beings." Then he began to work with Frank Gillen, whose special place in aboriginal society enabled both men to see what no white man had ever seen. Although Spencer was liberal, he saw aboriginals as a prehistoric race doomed to extinction. Still, the approach the two men used to study the aborigines has remained valid, and strongly influenced the way that other cultures have been studied since. their method came to be known as fieldwork. Use in ANT 611 History of Anthropological Theory and ANT 581 History of Anthropology.

 B    William Rivers: Everything is Relatives  (52 min) DVD COPY     
William Rivers, trained as a doctor, administered psychological tests to Australian islanders and discovered the importance of relatives in their society. His work as a psychologist and medical researcher enabled him to bring something new to anthropology: a scientific approach. His field study with a tribe in southern India ultimately set the trend for anthropologists to go and visit the cultures in which they were interested, rather than staying at home and theorizing.    

32.   The Three Worlds of Bali (also U-Matic) (1:00) - DVD
Anthropologist J. Stephen Lansing (who wears a sarong and likes to see himself on film) takes us on a tour of this complex society. See Stephen as he nods knowingly to a farmer explaining a floodgate to an irrigation canal, then asks, "Couldn't this be made permanent?" Hear him explain how the demons at a temple "bang their head, into this was and are frustrated." All kidding aside, it's a good introduction to Bali's culture and to their complex water temple/rice growing system (see more on this Lansing's film, "The Goddess and the Computer," which we don't have. VHS. (3 copies) - (one copy has also: "Curry Around the World") WCNY Odyssey.

33.   Unbroken Tradition: Jerry Brown Pottery (28 min) Archived
Directed by Herb E. Smith.  1989.  Appalshop Film & Video

34.   Was my Name Aswad"  Archived
54/46 was My Number (also U-Matic) TVI International.  COPY

35.   A Wife Among Wives: Turkana Conversations  (1:12) - DVD
An investigation of how Turkana, and especially Turkana women, view marriage. As the plans for a marriage in a nearby homestead unfold we learn why a woman would want her husband to take a second (or third) wife, and how the system of polygyny can be a source of solidarity among women while at the same time it may brutally disregard the feelings of individuals.  1982.  University of California: Extension Media Center

39. Miracle of B-Midday Sun. Archived
54 min. 2 parts, 2 copies 16MM  FILMS

40.   Truman Capote:  Longtime Companion COPY Archived
Mending Hearts: The Lost Language of Cranes COPY

 45.   Faces of Culture Programs 1-8  VHS
Program 1 The Nature of Anthropology  : Emphasizes the fundamental of all members of the human race and the wide range of adaptations toward the common goals of survival.Program 2 The Nature of Culture:Studies the diversity of cultures which have evolved, flourished, and, in some instances, died in ages past and present
Program 3 How Cultures Are Studied: Is an ethnographic study of the Yanomamo Indians of Venezuela which emphasizes the importance of appreciating the value of other cultures.
Program 4 Language and Communication:Vividly shows how language, the primary means of human communication, is expressed in the sounds and movements of every culture to express feelings and aspirations.
Program 5 Psychological Anthropology:Focuses on enculturation, the process by which culture is passed from one generation to the next.  Cross-cultural examples of child-rearing, socialization, and mental illness and healing are also studied.
Program 6 Alejandro Mamani:  A Case Study in Psychological  Anthropology:Focuses on an ethnographic study of mental illness and the approaching death of an elderly Aymara Indian.
Program 7 Patterns of Subsistence:  Food Foragers and Pastoralists:Studies the earlier form of subsistence, from hunting and gathering to the production of food, and how people adapted to their environment patterns.
Program 8 Patterns of Subsistence:  Food Producers: Examines the emergence of new societies which are based on the cultivation of plants as a method of food production as the concept of land ownership was spawned.

45 A Patters of Sustinence: Food Foragers -DVD
Faces of Culture Program 7 - Examines how the contributions of hunter-gatherer and pastoral cultures to modern social organization. It shows the Kung woman's role as gatherer, the Mbuti pygmy man's role as hunter, and the Netsilik Eskimos' adaption to their harsh environment

45 B Patterns of Sustinence: The Food Producers DVD
Faces of Culture Program 8 - Explores the emergence of agricultural societies. It shows the "slash-and-burn" techniques of the Maya, the hazardous land-diving ritual of the Melanesians, and, in Afghanistan, the specialization of labor and rise of bureaucracy that have resulted from intensive agriculture

 46.   Faces of Culture Program 9-14   VHS
Program 9 Economic Anthropology: Examines both Western and non-Western economic practices and points out the importance of understanding the total integration between economic practices and the values and practices of the larger culture.
Program 10 The Highland Maya: A Case Study in Marriage and the Family: Examines the complex interweaving of economics and religion known as the “cargo” system, which is found among the Highland Maya of Mexico and Guatemala.
Program 11 Sex and Marriage:Examines the unique marital customs of different societies around the world.
Program 12 Family and Household:Looks at the concepts of family and household from a cross-cultural perspective and examines the basic function performed by these units.
Program 13 The Yucatec Maya:  A Case Study in Marriage and  the Family:Examines a traditional extended family group as its members, consisting of many generation, companionably share the daily chores and teach the youngsters in a never-ending cycle.
Program 14 Kinship and Decent (Part I): Studies inheritance patterns, children’s names in business and government, and other ways that kinship and decent are incorporated in culture.

46 A Economic Anthropology DVD
Examines both Western and non-Western economic practices and points out the importance of understanding the total integration between economic practices and the values and practices of the larger culture

 47.   Faces of Culture  Program 15-22  DVD
A Pg 15 Kinship and Descent (Part II): Defines kindred and looks at its role in the hunting and gathering cultures.B Pg 16 Age, Common Interest, and Stratification: Studies of examples of age-grading, common interest and stratification as it exists from pastoralist to modern-day society.C Pg 17 The Ayamara: A Case Study in Social Stratification : Examines firsthand the inequities of a sharp class division between the Spanish-speaking mestizos and the subordinate Ayamara Indians.D Pg 18 Political Organization: Profiles the four major forms of political organizations: bands, tribes, chiefdoms and states.E Pg 19 Social Control: Examine diverse forms of systems designed to maintain order within a society and explores the possibilities of establishing peace and order among the societies of the world.
F Pg 20 Religion and Magic: Studies the ritual of Eka Dasa Rudra, a rare Balinese ceremony which links the three worlds of gods, people and demons.
G Pg 21 The Asmat of New Guinea: A Case Study in Religion and Magic: Studies the Asmat, a cannibalistic society of western New Guinea, and their use of religion and magic as tools of survival in a world they perceive as hostile and threatening.
H Pg 22 The Arts: Presents the many kinds of art and the variety of functions it serves. 

 48.   Faces of Culture Program 23-24  VHS
Pg 23 New Orleans Black Indians: A Case Study in the Arts: Explores the blends of American Indians and blacks which comprise the Black Indian tribes of New Orleans as they carry out a century-old tradition of participation in the pre-Lenten Mardi Gras revelry.
Pg 24 Culture Change: Studies the theory that cultures change in creative and productive ways in response to both internal and external forces.

49.   Faces of Culture  (Episode 125) - DVD
Pg 125 Cricket and Trobirand Way: A Case Study in Culture Change Studies how different cultures successfully retain their own traditional practices while borrowing from others. PBS Adult Learning Center

50.   Faces of Culture  (Episode 126) - DVD
Pg 126 The Future of Humanity: Provides expert speculations about the positive directions of future changes, such as space exploration, expansion of human intelligence, and biomedical changes which could lengthen the human life span.  PBS Adult Learning Center

51.   Island of Hope - Island of Tears  (29 min) Archived
Charles Guggenheim film. Between 1890 and 1924 more than 12 million men, women and children passed through the great immigration station at Ellis Island. Today, almost half of all living Americans can trace an ancestor who shared that experience.  Fleeing persecution and poverty, immigrants arrived from every country in Europe and the Caribbean. For them, Ellis symbolized the gateway to freedom or the place they could be rejected and turned back. All of this is dramatically told in Island of Hope -- Island of Tears, from the time the immigrants left Europe to the moment the doors of Ellis opened to reveal the great promise of America. Guggenheim Productions, Inc.

52.   The Reincarnation of Khensur Rinpoche   (2 copies) Archived 
A remarkable documentary which follows Tibetan monk Choenzey Dakpa Samdub’s search for the reincarnation of his master-the revered Khensur Rinpoche who died in 1985. A letter smuggled out of Tibet which tells of a three-year-old boy who has displayed an extraordinary affinity for all things religious seems to indicate that Choenzey’s search is near an end. Filmmakers Sonam and Sarin travelled to India to document the relationship between Choenzey, his dead master and the little boy who is recognized by the Dalai Lama to be the reincarnation of Khensur Rinpoche.  University of California;  Extentison Center for Media & Independent Learning

53.   Selbe: (Senegal)    (30 min)  COPY Archived

54.   Custer’s Last Battle   (30 min) Archived
An American legend had begun. Custer's Civil War exploits has made him a national hero. His loss came as a shock to the nation. Custer's popular image, along with a general tendency among white chroniclers to ignore Indian accounts of the fight, and the fact that not one of Custer's troops survived to tell his story, granted writers license to construct many imaginary scenarios of the battle - it persisted for over a hundred years - until the archaeological analysis of Dr. Richard Fox.Employing innovative archaeological techniques, historical documents, the 1876 cavalry tactics, combat behavior studies, and the long-neglected Indian eyewitness testimony, Richard Fox constructed a battle that stands in sharp contrast to the Last Stand myth. Custer was on the offensive when the end came, suddenly and unexpectedly - there was no "last stand".  With cavalry reenactments, archival photos, Indian ledger art, scenes of archaeological work, map and models of the battlefield, Richard Fox reveals his findings, and constructs the battle event by event, debunking the Custer myth in this vivid and engrossing video filmed at the Little Bighorn Battlefield.

55.   Our Lady of Guadelupe  (23 min) - VHS
The Virgin of Guadalupe is one of the most important religious and social symbols of he Mexican people.  She commands respect and love from her worshippers and has been instrumental participant in the unification of Mexico and its citizens.  The film’s objectives include: 1) To give the origin and cultural significance of the Virgin of Guadalupe.  2) To show the love and admiration that the people of Mexico have for the Virgin of Guadalupe.  3) To show the historical role that the Virgin of Guadalupe has played in the formation and unification of Mexico and its people.  Educational Video Network, Inc.

56.   Witchcraft Among the Azande    DVD
Disappearing World Series - To the Azande of Africa, there is no such thing as bad luck. All misfortune results from witchcraft. The tribe depends on oracles to explain events and predict the future. Here is a Christian tribe where the priest must share his influence with the witchdoctor. 

57.   The Toured: The Other Side of Tourism in Barbados (35 min) DVD
This provocative documentary portrays the experience of tourism from the point of view of those who are "toured," in this case on the Caribbean island of Barbados. It examines the realities of making a living in a tourist economy, dealing with stereotypical "ugly Americans," witnessing one's traditional culture change under the impact of foreign visitors, and absorbing unceasing government exhortations to "make a friend for Barbados today."          

58.   Threads of Life: Hemp and Gender in a Hmong Village   (30 min) - DVD
For centuries Hmong people have lived in the mountains of China and Southeast Asia. They have in more recent history fled Laos as refugees and resettled in the Americas, Australia and Europe. This documentary was filmed in Chang Khian, a village in the mountains of Northern Thailand. Through the traditional, year-long process of transforming the bark of hemp plants into cloth the complex relationships of men and women are revealed. Women produce the cloth and clothing as the men perform healing ceremonies, settle marriage agreements, and conduct funeral rights. The ready availability of mass produced, inexpensive cloth combined with the fact that the cultivation of hemp (marijuana) is now illegal has brought the continuation of this traditional practice into question. This film is of great interest to the study of gender and kinship, textiles, traditional crafts, shamanism and social change. In Hmong with English subtitles and narration. 1994 Documentary Educational Resources, Inc.

59.   Idrissa    (25 min)    COPY Archived
 Idrissa is a 16 year old Touareg from Nigeria

60.   Monkey in the Mirror  (1:00) - VHS/DVD
Humans have long been fascinated by the apparent similarities between themselves and other primates.  But just how close are these similarities?  As it turns out, the world of primates is a astonishing reflection of our own behavior.  In the wild, they live in complex and varied societies in which they use tools, take herbal medicines, wheel and deal, deceive, practice power politics and sexual politics, and sometimes even suffer from executive stress.  When brought in to the lab, they are able to communicate with us in signs and sounds.  What are they trying to tell us?  And what are they telling each other?1995.  Thirteen & WNET and BBC-TV

 61.   Sterkfontein, The Story of Our Past  (22 min)  DVD
This video tells the story of human evolution and the first steps in the development of human culture as interpreted from the latest scientific discoveries at the Sterkfontein Caves. Our human ancestors are presented, along with the geology of the caves and the fauna and flora of the time. Presented in simple, nontechnical language, the content is suitable for senior primary school classes, as well as for high school and university classes, and for anyone with an interest in the Sterkfontein Caves. In this typer’s own words, this movie is probably not on the level of Ben Hur or ET.

62.   Nationalism: Blood and Belonging- Lifting the Yoke: Ukraine (50 min) - DVD
The starting point of this program is the concept that nation is where your graves are.  Michael Ignatieff, the series presenter, stands by his great-grandfather’s grave, whos marble top still bears marks from when it was used as a butcher’s block in Stalin’s time.  This program examines the emotional effects of the establishment – or re-establishment – of an independent Ukraine: the looming ghost of Stalin, the fear of the clashed between the Church and independence-minded nationalists, opinions on both sides on the imposition of the Ukrainian language. 1994.  Films for the Humanities, Inc.

63.   Test the West: Metamorphosis in E. Germany Part I: 1990 (30 min) - DVD
This two-part documentary focuses on the metamorphosis East Germany and its people are going through while shifting from one system to another.  The video looks at the issue of German Reunification from an insider’s perspective, offering an alternative to the picture painted by American mainstream media.  Ah! Capitalism pushing down barriers once again!  Bronco Video 

65.   Tree of Iron   (58 min) - DVD
This is one of the few films to document archaeological work on ancient civilizations in Africa.  It also deals with an important subject, African iron smelting, and presents convincing evidence for early indigenous technologies far more complex than previously expected.  The movie is set in Tanzania, East Africa, on the western shores of Lake Victoria, where Haya people have lived for centuries.  Western gazing upon the native yet once again! 1988.  Documentary Educational Resources

68.   My Second Life (East German Women in a changed world) (53 min) -DVD
The collapse of socialism meant the loss of a gain support structure which had enabled 91% of East German women to be employed even while having children.  Today there is a widespread notion that women are the losers of the reunification.  Yet interviews with three women show a surprisingly wide spectrum of responses to the changes in their lives.  “My Second Life” offers a deeper insight into the complex process of German reunification by letting East German women speak for themselves.  They look back at the old system and see many good things lost – but at the same time the sum of their experience proves that a story is never as black and white as newspaper headlines might make it appear. 1996.  Simone Shoemaker/Bronco Video

69.   Wild Wheels: Art cars in the USA  (64 min)    MISSING
Excellent portrayal of personally decorated cars in the U.S. society. Looks at range of political perspectives. Portrays the use of cars for presentation of self. Recommended for folklore.

 70   Flowers for Guadalupe (57 min) - DVD
This film explores the importance of the Virgin of Guadalupe as a liberating symbol for Mexican women today. It focuses on various feminine forms of devotion to the Virgin of Guadalupe as Mexican women’s “role model”. Encompassing 23 women of all ages and from all walks of life, the documentary follows an all-women pilgrimage from Queretaro state through several arduous but joyful days as it weaves it way through difficult terrain, harsh weather and congested streets to the Virgin’s shrine in Mexico City. It explores the wider world of popular devotion, historically both exploited and dismissed as unimportant by ecclesiastical authorities who would keep women in a place where they no longer want to be. 

71.   Discovering the Past: Electronic Field Trips to Colonial Williamsburg  (58) - DVD
Teaches students how we know what we know about the past. Students join Colonial Williamsburg archaeologist as they sort through history’s remnants in order to tell the story of eighteenth-century America. They may not be “Indiana Jones” but these real-life archaeologists play a vital role in discovering and interpreting history. This “behind-the-scenes” field trip lets students visit real historic sites as archaeologists dig for bits of the past. It takes them inside archaeology labs to see how modern technology reveals important clues to our nation’s history. 1997-The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

72.   Through Chinese Women’s Eyes DVD
Contemporary (1990’s) urban Chinese women discuss changing women’s gender roles in the revolution and since.  Good complement to “Small Happiness” on rural women (#41, #74)

    In and Out of Africa
On the African art trade in wooden carvings.  Follows a Hausa trader from carvers to buyers in the U.S. Brilliant on how objects’ meaning are transformed as they cross all sorts of boundaries.  Good on material culture, economic, anthropology, Africa, and colonialism.

 73.   The Mehinaku     DVD
Beautiful film on this Amazonian people, focusing on the Piqui ritual cycle and its dramatization of gender divisions in their society.  Good on religion, ritual, and Latin America.

       Global Assembly Line      COPY
Excellent examination of the impact of the global economy on the lives of factory workers in multinational corporation 

75.   Trobriand Cricket: An Indigenous Response to Colonialism (53 min) - DVD
The classic film on indigenization of borrowed culture in colonial contexts.  Good for socio-cultural change and globalization.

Racism 101 (53 min) DVD
“Frontline” documentary on racism in American college campuses in the 1980’s.  Students love it, provocative and well done.  Good for race/racism, social inequality, and the anthropology of the USA.

76.   Elvia: The Fight for Land and Liberty Hungry for Profit Archived

77.   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 1 of 10 Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series. Conflict of Religion”: Oren Lyons Faithkeeper, Onondaga Nation.

78.   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 2 of 10 Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series: “Apologies to Mother Earth”: Irving Powless, Jr., Chief, Onondaga Nation and “Women’s Role in the Haudenosaunee”: Audrey Shenandoah, Clan Mother

79.   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 3 of 10 Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series: “Education- A New Paradigm”; 1) Jose Barreiro 2) Robert Venables, both of the American Indian Studies Program, Cornell University (see also Tape #80)

80.   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 4 of 10 COPY Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series: “Education- A New Paradigm”: Ron LaFrance, American Indian Studies Program, Cornell University (see also Tape #79)  “Consequences to the 7th Generation”: Jose Barreiro, American Indian Studies Program, Cornell University (note this lecture was given later in the series, with the lectures on Parts 9 and 10, Tape #’s 85 and 86)

81.   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 5 of 10 Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series:  “Art of the Haudenosaunee Traditional and Contemporary”: Tom Huff, Seneca Stone Sculptor (see also Tape #82).

82   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 6 of 10 Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series: “Art of the Haudenosaunee Traditional and Contemporary”: 1) Tammy Tarbell, Mohawk Potter, 2) Eli Thomas, Onondaga Oil Painter (see also Tape #81)

83.   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 7 of 10 Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series: “The Mohawk Nation: Past and Future”: 1) Barbara Barnes, Mohawk Nation, 2) Judy Swamp, Mohawk Nation

84.   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 8 of 10 Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series: “The Mohawk Nation: Past and Future”: Jake Swamp, Chief, Mohawk Nation

85.   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 9 of 10 Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series: (note see also Part 4, Tape #80, for lecture on this day by Jose Barreiro) “Consequences to the 7th Generation- What Is the Future?”: Oren Lyons, Faithkeeper, Onondaga Nation

86.   Haudenosaunee Perspectives 1492-1992    Tape 10 of 10 Archived
Lectures presented in the Haudenosaunee Perspectives Series: (note see also Part 4, Tape #80, for lecture on this day by Jose Barreiro) “Consequences to the 7th Generation- What is the Future?”: John Mohawk, American Studies Program, University of Buffalo (see also Tape #85)

87.   Pocahontas   (50 min) - DVD 
A historical figure surrounded by myth and legend, Pocahontas remains as one of the most popular heroines in American history.  Discover what her life was really like in this insightful program.  Learning Objectives- 1) To explain the history of America, regarding the English settlers and their conflicts with Native Americans.  2)  To tell the story of Pocahontas and John Smith.  3)  To explain the cultural differences between Native Americans and the English settlers.  Educational Video Network.

89.   Disappearing World: We Are All Neighbors: 1993   (52 min) DVD
This video chronicles an Moslem/Catholic conflict in a neighborhood near Sarajevo, showing how the assertion of the Catholic Croat control leads to attacks on Moslem businesses, arrests and harassment of Moslem villagers, and threats against Moslem homes and property.  It reveals that within three weeks, 50 year old Moslem/Catholic friendships are irrevocably dissolved ant the prior peaceful co-existence of the neighborhood has changed into a steady tension of mutual distrust. The film is narrated by the Norwegian anthropologist, Bringa Tone, who wrote Being Muslim the Bosnian Way.  It’s basically and compilation of interviews with mainly Muslim villagers, who clearly are acquainted with Tone.  As a result, they answer her questions in an open way.  It is an intense, if somewhat one-sided, view of the conflict.

90.   Barbie Nation: An Unauthorized Tour: 1998  New Day Films, (53 min) - DVD
The Barbie Doll is not just the world’s most popular toy, she’s a Rorschach test, revealing attitudes about sexuality, body image, gender roles and creativity in an increasingly mass produced world.  Journeying from Barbie conventions to anti-Barbie demonstrations, from girls’ play dates to Barbie web pages, Barbie Nation plumbs the cult of the Barbie doll, telling the Barbie stories of diverse men, women and children.  At the center of the Barbie Nation is the story of the Barbie creator and Mattel co-founder Ruth Handler.  Handler’s ironic rise and fall brings Barbie Nation to a climax that is about the creation of femininity and the marketing – and subversion- of a femininity’s icon. A penetrating analysis of the Barbie image as a cultural icon and sexual dowsing rod.  It reveals a surprising number of facets and layers of social gender attitudes and behaviors. 

91.   Pastoral Politics (29 min)  COPY Archived
Documents the conflict between government conservation policies and the traditional lifestyle of Gaddi herders in the Indian Himalayas.  It highlights the critical components of Gaddi knowledge and practice that has sustained their pastoral existence. The film suggests that Forest Department policies may be ineffective in achieving conservation goals while resulting in the displacement of the Gaddi.  

92.   Hmong: Past, Present and Future DVD
A product of the Inter generational Scrapbook Project. A collaboration between teenagers and elders in the Hmong Community in Syracuse, NY

95.   A Tribute to Bill Mangin – “Kempt & Scrutable: A Look Back at Archived
          Anthropology in the 1950’s”

96    The Eunuchs of…    (20/20--11/14/99) DVD
EUNUCHS A report on the secrets of the modern day eunuchs, whose members are considered as neither male or female in India. The strange traditions of this group are exposed as we learn how they support themselves and of their powerful spiritual influence in Indian culture.

98  Mending Ways: The Canela Indians of Brazil   (53 min) - DVD
For the Canela, peace is more important than justice, and sharing- especially of sexual partners- means survival and prosperity.  By putting the good of the tribe first, the Canela have retained their tribal identity for centuries, thanks both to the bonding that occurs through ritualized, extramarital, multiple-partner sex and to their ability to maintain communal harmony via their intricate family relationships.  But can they survive the outside influences of sexual monogamy and materialism, which have finally infiltrated the tribe?  This program, based on the research of Smithsonian Institute anthropologist Dr. William H. Crocker, documents the unique Canela way of life, focusing on their extraordinary bonding rituals and their conflict resolution skills they call “mending ways”.

99.   Hmong Musicians in America (58 min) - DVD
Hmong Musicians in America tells a story of two senior musicians from Laos who play their instrumental music and sing for elementary, junior high school and high school students in Rhode Island, as well as adult ESL classes, senior citizen groups, museums, and Hmong festivals. It continues with exemplary musicians performing in Fresno, San Diego and Santa Ana, California, as well as Luang Prabang, Laos. It explains such instruments as: the nja, the quietest instrument in the world, which conveys secret messages; the gneg mouth organ which plays 'thought-songs' during funerals to guide the soul to the afterworld, or to entertain at New Year with acrobatic dancing; and how teanages sing courtship songs at New Year while playing ball.The story concludes by returning after 11 years to the elder musician's Americanized grandchildren, who reflect on their heritage and express the home that Hmong music will continue in the future.

100   Aging in Japan  (donated by Robert Rubinstein) (45 min) -DVD
This program provides a record of a society in flux, in which the traditional mechanisms for looking after old people - who used to be the most important members of the family - are breaking down. The Japanese senior citizens created the economic miracle of modern Japan, only to find that the happy retirement they unquestioningly expected has been replaced by isolation. The program takes place in a Japanese Public Bath House, an ancient institution that has assumed a new role in Japan as a place where the elderly, alienated from society, take up residence and find a kind of permanent impermanence.

101   Soltax Oral History A   (donated by Robert Rubinstein) VHS Archived

102   Soltax Oral History B&C   (donated by Robert Rubinstein) VHS Archived 

103   Soltax Oral History D&E    (donated by Robert Rubinstein) VHS Archive 

104   The Merchants of Cool    (1:00) Archived 
Teenagers today have more money and independence than ever before. Their lives have become the object of obsessive focus by corporate America. FRONTLINE explores the culture in which today's American teenager is growing up and how they've come to view themselves and their parents

105   Wonders of African World (A, B, C)  2 SETS (2:00) - DVD 
Most of Africa’s rich history has been forgotten by the outside world, overshadowed by images of war, poverty and famine. Now Harvard University professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr takes a fresh look at the history of the continent. In a  series of engaging personal journey on the trail of great civilizations, cities and centers of learning established long before the arrival of Europeans, he reveals an Africa most people never knew existed.

A The Road to Timbuktu &  Lost Cities of the South (2:00)   
           The Road to Timbuktu --Everyone has heard of Timbuktu, but how many know that it was a great trding city, famous in the Middle Ages for its university? Gates sets out on a journey through modern Mali, following ancient trading routs from the goldmines of the south to the legendary city on the shores of the Sahara desert, in search of the forgotten libraries of Timbuktu.Lost Cities of the South--Under apartheid, the official history of South Africa began in 1652, when the first Dutch settlers landed. In the new South Africa, the myth that this was an empty land is being overturned. Traveling from South Africa to Zimbabwe, Gates explores a thousand-year-old African City kept from public view for seventy years, sings Karaoke with Afrikaner holiday-headmaker, and heads for the medieval stone citadel of Great Zimbabwe.

 B The Slave Kingdoms & the Holy Land (2:00)    
             The Slave Kingdoms --Gates Travels through the old kingdoms of Asante and Dahomey in modern Ghana and Benin to unravel the real story of the transatlantic slave trade. From Slave castles on the coast to royal courts in the interior, he finds both pride in these powerful African kingdoms, and discomfort about the source of their wealth and power.The Holy Land --For over 1600 years, Ethiopia was a Christian kingdom, whose rulers traced their lineage back to Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Gates’ journey takes him to rock-hewn churches, mountain monasteries and royal shrines; and on to Aksum, birthplace of an ancient civilization, and home, the Ethiopians believe, to the Lost Ark of the Covenant.

  C Black Kingdoms of the Nile & the Swahili Coast (2:00)  
Black Kingdoms of the Nile--Gates embarks on an epic journey through Egypt and Sudan in search of ancient Nubia – an ancient African civilization which once rivaled Egypt. Pyramids, ruined temples and royal tombs survive the deserts of Sudan. And along the Nile lie the ruins of an ancient Nubian capital the oldest city so far uncovered in the whole of Africa.The Swahili Coast--Gates travels along the palm-fringed coast of Kenya and Tanzania and on to the legendary island of Zanzibar. The journey presents an intriguing historical puzzle: Who are the Swahili people? Are they Truly African? On the idyllic island of Lamu, Gates finds people proud of their Arab ancestry only, believing their civilization owes little to Africa. On Zanzibar, two encounters – one with the Canon of the Anglican Cathedral and the other with a black descendant of Zanzibar’s most notorious slave traders – give him an insight into the Swahilis’ troubled and bloody history.

106   Day of the Dead (50 min) -DVD
The Day of the Dead, an ancient cultural tradition, still flourished in modern-day Mexico. This beautiful documentary presents the annual commemoration of the Day of the Dead as it is celebrated on the island of La Picanda. On this day when the dead are believed to revisit the temporal realm, the program allows viewers a glimpse into Mexican live as they follow the preparations - including bountiful food offerings and wax statues - and observance of this unique holiday. 

108   The Sunrise Dance   (28 min) -DVD 
This documentary shows an ancient, sacred Apache ritual that has never before been filmed. The Sunrise Ceremony, which marks the passage from adolescence to adulthood for young Apache women, is disappearing under the pressures of cultural assimilation. This documentary focuses on the Sunrise Ceremony of 13-year-old Maureen Nachu, who lives on the Fort Apache Reservation in Whiteriver, Arizona, and is a member of the White Mountain Apache Tribe. We see all the elaborate preparations for the ceremony: the rituals of the Medicine Man who presides over the dance, including spiritual purification rites in the "Sweat Lodge" and the midnight appearance of the "Crown Dancers". The Sunrise Dance itself is a tremendous physical test, lasting four days. It proves that Maureen has the courage and strength of character to take her place in adult society. The dance is the strongest commitment a young Apache girl can make to her family and tradition. For Maureen, her family and her community, the ceremony is a reaffirmation of tribal identity and a celebration of the central role of women in Apache culture. 

109   After 9/11: A Journey to Ground Zero (22 min) - DVD
           Show sisters (22 min)
           Don't waive your rights (5 min)           

110   CNN Cultural Anthropology: Brazil's Dying Tribe  Volume 2 (2:34) - DVD
Former nomadic tribes living in southern Brazil are forced on to reservations. There with increasing poverty and their traditional customs. Curtailed young members of the tribe are increasingly committing suicide. [tribal societies, learning culture, economics, social change]

111   CNN Cultural Anthropology: Russian Social Protest  Volume 3 (1:30) - DVD
In a provincial northern Russian city citizens face economic and social upheaval since the breakup of the old Soviet Union. [Eastern Europe, social control, economics, politics, ethnic conflict, stratification, cultural change]

112   We Never Give Up  (1:10) -DVD
Is a tapestry of stories told by eleven survivors of apartheid violence. The stories represent the harsh experiences of thousands of ordinary South Africans who participated in or who were excluded from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). The storytellers are members of the Khulumani Support Group, Western Cape and are involved in a protracted battle to hold the South African government accountable to its promise to pay final reparations. The difficulties experienced by the storytellers raise pertinent questions about the efficacy of the TRC. 

113   Invisible Garments: Expensive Soles (10 min) - DVD
The impact on rural women of new large industries (including Nike) in developing cities of Indonesia is the focus of this film. Do theses new work opportunities represent economic freedom for women—or a new kind of oppression? The film, shot in overpopulated Java, was made by Indonesian filmmaker Nan Achas. 

114   The Cow Jumped Over the Moon   (52 min) -DVD
Documents the interaction between the traditional based knowledge of West African nomads and the advanced technological capabilities of the United States, represented by agencies such as NASA and NOAA (the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Agency). Connected by an extraordinary programs which aims to preserve the “old” by using the “new,” these radically different sets of information are expressed in contrasting images—from thousands of cows swimming the Niger River to enormous satellite dishes scanning the skies.

115   Our Friends at the Bank  (1:30) - DVD
The future of many developing countries greatly depends on an institution already fifty years old, the World Bank. Confronted with numerous setbacks, criticized constantly, the Bank is facing challenging questions about what strategies to adopt, principally in Africa. Uganda, a country that emerged from the dictatorship of Idi Amin and years of civil war with relatively high rates of economic growth, is one of its "model cases." OUR FRIENDS AT THE BANK looks at the relationship between the Government of Uganda and the World Bank over a period of 18 months, filming with unprecedented access events at the highest levels of both, and their many encounters and exchanges.  

116   Trinkets and Beads  (52 min) Archived 
After twenty years of devastating pollution by oil companies in the Amazon basin of Ecuador, a new kind of oil company—Dallas based MAXUS—promises to be the first company to protect the rainforest and respect the people who live there.

117   Chain of Love  (50 min) -DVD 
The demand for domestic help is increasing in the West, because in many families both parents must work for economic survival. One consequence is migration: escalating numbers of women in the Third World are leaving their own children to take care of kids in the West. Women from the Philippines are well regarded by prospective employers in the United States and Europe. They speak English, are Catholic, and according to many, are caring, intelligent, and compliant. Or, as Rhacel Parrenas (author of the study Global Servants) remarks, "The Filipino nanny is the Mercedes Benz amongst the international [caregivers]." The money the expatriates earn in the West is sent home to the Philippines, where local help can then be hired to look after their children. This money is the Philippines' largest source of income in foreign currency.  CHAIN OF LOVE is a film about the Philippines' second largest export product - maternal love - and how this export affects the women involved, their families in the Philippines, and families in the West. 

118   Amahs of Hong Kong A Woman’s Place  (10 min) - DVD
A series of six 10-minute videos produced for the UN Beijing Conference on women; filmed entirely on location by women directors. The Program Titles are: Teach A Woman How to Fish (Fiji); Dry Days in Dobbagunta (South India); A Healthy Start (South Africa); The Alarm Rings Softly(Caribbean); The Amahs of Hong Kong; and Footprints of Sorrow (Guatemala).

119   A Question of Rights  (15 min) - DVD
The flourishing sex industry in Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia first took off when the Baltic countries gained independence from the Soviet Union and the economies crashed. Underage girls—earning more in a night on the street than a trained doctor does in a month—faced physical and psychological risks, and Mafia involvement is growing.

120   The Ape So Human!  (41 min) - DVD
Just how far do the similarities between human and great apes extend? Sequences from historic experiments by Allen and Beatrix Gardner, Sue Savage-Rambaugh, and other primatologists, plus footage shot in the wild provide compelling support for the thesis that chimps, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans are highly evolved indeed. Demonstrations of cognitions, self-awareness, memory retention, language use, social behavior, mating practices, and perhaps even a sense of good and evil reveal speech, despite having Broca’s area, it also discussed.

121   The Ape That Took Over the World  (50 min) - DVD
Is the key theory about how we evolve from apes based on mistaken evidence? Since 1974, the 3.2 million- year-old fossil dubbed “Lucy” has been considered human-kind’s prime ancestor. Now a fossil recently unearthed in Kenya by distinguished paleontologist Dr. Maeve Leakey is rewriting the theories. This program examines the implications of Flat-Faced Man, a bipedal hominid just as old as Lucy but with much larger brain size. With Leakey’s find, the question for paleo-anthropologist is one of adaptive radiation: from which line of early ape did Homo sapiens evolve? 

122   Bones of Contention: Native American Archaeology  (49 min) - DVD
The remains of more than 10,000 Native Americans unearthed at archaeological sites across the US are in possession of museums such as the Smithsonian. The bones have become the central issue in a war of ideas that pits scientists, historians, and museum curators against many Native American groups. Is the analysis of the bones valid scientific research, or is it a desecration of Native American Culture? This program provides an even-handed examination of the situation, and in doing so, also provides an excellent survey of American Indian archaeology in the US. A BBC Production  

123   Cure from the Crypt: Fighting Tuberculosis, Again (27 min) - DVD
When a crypt containing 200 extraordinary preserved bodies was discovered in 1994 in the Hungarian town of Vac, it caught the interest of scientists fighting tuberculosis on the other side of the globe. This program presents the fascinating story of Professor Mark Spigelman, an Australian surgeon turned archaeologist who is using ancient DNA to contend with the biggest bacteria killer in the world today. In what many call the post- antibiotic era, Spigelman’s unique genetic research has yielded encouraging results: all the tubercular mummies were missing a TB-resistant gene in their genome; those mummies without TB had the gene.

124   Female Circumcision: Human Rights  (41 min) -DVD
This program documents the ritual of female genital mutilation, also known as female circumcision, practiced among some African groups; explores its roots in myth; and discusses movements under way to ban the practice. Interviews with anti-circumcision activists, including medical personnel, described the health ramifications, including hemorrhage, infection, and painful sex. Victims discuss both the physical and the emotional pain of circumcision, and why both males and females discuss why they support or reject circumcision as a valid cultural practice. Graphic scenes of an actual female circumcision are shown. 

125   The Lost City of Zimbabwe  (22 min) - DVD
Long mistakenly identified as the remnants of some ancient white civilization, the spectacular ruins of the Great Zimbabwe are only now being recognized for what they are: southern Africa’s first city. Neglect, theft of artifacts, and racist prejudice, which denied that black Africans, could have built its towering walls, contributed to keeping the lost city of Zimbabwe from being accorded to its true importance. This program looks at the work being done to restore this extraordinary archaeological site to its African heritage. 

126   Sudan: Black Kingdoms of the Nile  (53 min) - DVD
A major gateway to sub-Sarahan Africa, Sudan has seen the rise and fall of many powerful kingdoms and refined cultures—and the key to understanding these ancient civilizations lies in the multitude of archaeological treasures that dot the landscape and that are still buried in the sands. This program follows the trail of the young French naturalist and pioneer Frederic Cailliaud, whose account of his journey to Merowe in 1820 first sparked   interest in Sudan. Excavations and artifacts provide insights into the way of life, beliefs, and accomplishments of the peoples who inhabited the region from Neolithic times onward. 

127   Understanding Race   (52 min) - DVD
Race: No gene has substantiated it and no scientist has quantified it, yet it continues to polarize the world’s population like no other concept. This compelling program examines the history and power of the artificial distinction called “race,” viewing it within historical, scientific, and cultural context. Topics include the anthropological unity of Homo sapiens; sanctioned discrimination, such as segregation, cultural biases based on racial stereotypes; and the underlying humanity that inextricably links us all. 

128   Voyage of Doom  (60 min) Archived
Join NOVA for the discovery and recovery of one of the most important shipwrecks ever found in North America. For three centuries the Belle, part of French explorer Robert LaSalle’s floating armada, lay buried on  the bottom of Matagorda Bay on the Texas coast. In 1995, after an exhaustive 20-year search, the ship was found by Texas Historical Commission archaeologists entombed in mud, but with remarkably well preserved  wealth of artifacts that include cannons, pewter dishes, muskets and leather shoes.

129   Shengchun Zhao Archived

130   Senior Honors Project of J. Patrick O’Hara Archived
This project, a one-man theatrical production representing an insight to the "troubles" in Northern Ireland was an outgrowth of research into the politics and history of Northern Ireland, and an arduous study of the various dialects and mannerisms of the people themselves. Above all, I drew from the experiences of being in Londonderry, Northern Ireland at the peak of Protestant/Catholic confrontation during the summer of 1998. The ramifications of this one-year study, led not to an understanding of "identity" drawn form biological, religious, or political divisions, but to a sense of "identity" resulting from a cross-cultural understanding of the human condition. VHS

131   The Coming Plague  2 three hour tapes Archived 
Join today’s cutting edge “disease cowboy” as they battle today’s deadliest plagues. The Coming Plague uncovers the frightening reality of a world out of balance where microbes outwit science. Travel with a new generation of heroic doctors and scientists as they explore the African rain forest in search of a deadly virus, descend on a small Pakistani village tracking an elusive plague, and investigate a U.S. hospital for a drug resistant bacterial outbreak. This insider’s documentary examines the harsh reality of the clash between people   and plagues where victory is literally a matter of life and death.

132   The Journey Into Life: The Triumph of Creation   (30 min) Archived
Nothing in the human experience arouses more emotion, fascination and pure wonder than the creation of a new human life. Here, for the first time, is a powerfully moving film that captures the most amazing moments of creation on camera. Journey Into Life contains the most awe-inspiring images, which, by their strange beauty emerge like secrets revealed by the Creator. It took filmmaker Derek Bromhall several years to make Journey Into Life. Drawing on his scientific training and experience as an embryologist he crafts an incredible achievement filmed from the moment of conception when egg and sperm meet to travel the remarkable journey that ends with the magic of birth. We see a tiny embryo’s beating heart, as small as the head of a pin, filmed inside the womb, and follow the stages of growth of a baby during thirty-eight weeks of pregnancy. Journey Into Life received an Academy Award Nomination for Best Documentary feature in 1990. It is specially edited here for family viewing but parental supervision is advised. 

133   National Geographic Video—Gorilla    (1:00) - DVD
National geographic presents an informative and engaging look at the mysterious mountain gorilla of central Africa—a species once outnumbering in the thousands, that has now dwindled to a precious few. Contrary to its King Kong image, the gorilla is shy and retiring creature. Renowned scientist Dian Fossey fought to protect these gentle beasts from the destruction of poachers in the volcanic mountains of Rwanda. In England,   charismatic zoo director, John Aspinall, has become best friends with the twenty gorillas that live on his country estate. And near San Francisco, Koko, the famed lowland gorilla, demonstrates her amazing powers at communicating with American Sign Language. 

134   The New Explorers: On the Trail of a Killer Virus   (50 min) - DVD
In spring of 1993, a deadly virus appeared in the Southwest region of the United States. This virulent new disease baffled doctors and the Center for Disease Control (CDC). The CDC did finally identify the virus as a strain of the Hantavirus, a virus carried by rodents. The detective work of the CDC led to a course of action, treatment and prevention, thwarting a nationwide epidemic. On the Trail of a Killer Virus follows doctors, health workers and the CDC as they hunt down the mysterious virus and work to find a cure. 

135   Ebola: The Plague Fighters (60 mins)  MISSING
Enter the ‘hot zone’ of one of the most dreaded disease on the planet—Ebola. When a dreaded outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus swept through a remote region of Zaire in May 1995, NOVA was the only film crew permitted in the ‘hot zone.’

136   Charles Darwin: Evolution’s Voice  (50 min) - DVD
He had to battle prejudice, ignorance and his own fear in his search for the truth. More than any other scientist, he changed mankind's view of the world and our place in it. Charles Darwin's theory of evolution stands as one of the most important discoveries in the history of science. Yet in his lifetime, Darwin was reluctant to reveal what he had learned for fear that it would make him and his family despised outcasts. He was right to worry; more than a century later, there are those who cannot accept his findings. At the time, they were viewed by many as heresy. From his historic voyage on the Beagle to his personal anguish over publicizing his findings, this is a fascinating profile of the life and times of the great naturalist. Excerpts from his journals detail his discoveries while leading scientists and scholars, including the author of Charles Darwin: Evolution of a Naturalist, shed light on his private life, public persona and monumental legacy.

137   Health Quiz #13: Genetics and Hereditary Test (30 min each) - DVD
What’s the best way to avoid jet lag? Can laughing cause asthma? Can AIDS be contracted through food?   HEALTH QUIZ has these answers and more. This lively, totally involving series of half-hour programs will delight audiences of all ages. Six-time Emmy winner, Dr. Frank Field, is host of the series. Senior Health and Science editor of WCBS-TV, Field ranks as one of television’s most popular newscasters. His “Health Test” programs have been views by millions, winning an Emmy plus accolades from organizations such as the American Medical Association. Joining Dr. Field will be a dazzling array of celebrities and leading experts—to share amusing anecdotes, sidelights, and insights.

   TOPICS COVERED: AIDS, How Your Heart, Vaccines and Immunizations, Coughs, Colds, and Flu, Moods,   Female Health, Sex I.Q., Sleep and Dreams, Cancer Prevention, Fear and  Phobias, Drug Abuse, Stock Market, How to Live Longer, Fat or Fit, Nutrition, Early Detection, Aches and Pains, Baby Health, Medical I.Q., Skin     and Beauty, Brain, Home Emergency, Family Drug, Travel and Health, Allergies, New Cancer, Pet Health,   Health and Nutrition, Emotions, Hereditary 

138    The DNA Revolution History Channel: 20th Century with Mike Wallace: (50 min) -DVD
The revolution began improbably, with a two-page article in the journal Nature. It may end with the cloning of a human being, a cure for cancer? but more likely it will never end. Deoxyribonucleic Acid is the building block of all life on earth. Since its discovery by Watson and Crick in 1953 our understanding and use of it has expanded beyond the realm of science. THE 20th CENTURY chronicles the breakthroughs and talks to leading scientists to assemble a comprehensive portrait of the growth of genetic science and its impact on our lives. Author Jeremy Rifkin of The Biotech Century leads a tour through the debates over the morality and dangers of genetic engineering, and details the advances that have propelled the science toward the future. From the double helix to manufactured animals, this is a comprehensive look at the history and future of genetic engineering. 

139   Biology Concepts: Mendelian Genetics DVD

140   Five Species from the Primate Series  (53 min) - VHS
FIVE SPECIES compares three species of monkeys, one prosimian, and two types of apes, all living in a zoo   setting. They are Japanese macaques, lion tail macaques, mandrills, black lemurs, orangutans, and lowland   gorillas. Each segment features several minute of footage accompanied by descriptions of common behavior such as, eating, grooming, locomotion, play and social interaction. The narration provides a commentary for the observer and can occur at several levels. These include comparison of their behavior as it related to size and sexual dimorphism, comparison in term of phylogenetic level, or comparisons of complexity based on group size or species’ differences. Since visibility is better in the wild, comparisons between footage taken in natural      settings and that of caged animals allows for the discussion of the possible influences of captivity on behavior. Of particular interests are the social interactions of adult orangutans.

141   Hawkhill Video : Evolution  (41 min) - DVD

143   The Human Condition: Changing Patterns of Disease: Germ Warfare (30 min) - DVD
People today seek out information about health issues as never before: asking pointed questions of health care providers, demanding second opinions, seeking information on the Internet, looking for alternative to traditional care and treatment. There are good reasons for that curiosity: a more educated populace, higher health care costs, a growing interest in fitness, a new corporate focus on wellness and education, and increased use of technology in health care choices. ‘The Human Condition will help them achieve that goal.

144   The Peopling of the Americas 1999 (44 min) - DVD
Is it accurate to assume that most people are not interested in ideas? The answer is no. All people are interested in ideas. But few people will, or have the opportunity to, invest time in intellectual pursuit. The Idea Channel makes it easy for viewers to engage in ongoing consideration of ideas by providing open access to scholars as they review the latest thinking in several disciplines: philosophy, economics, political science, the arts and sciences. The communications bridge between men and women whose lives are devoted to ideas and those seeking intellectual growth and access to that world of ideas, the Idea Channel is a living image archive of the world’s leading thinkers. The Idea Channel presents 20 to 60 minute videotaped conversations between scholars who are leading human inquiry into the nature of ourselves and our place in the universe. Presented in a conversational format with no moderator to intrude, the viewer will soon discover that unlike most mainstream television fare, the atmosphere is inclusive—the viewer is an active participant in the discussion.

145   Race and Racism  (1:00) - DVD
Is racism an act of the will? A disease? A bad habit? A result of lost virtues or of historical economic forces? Can we reliably claim that racism is an affront to justice? How does our scientific understanding of race affect our ethical considerations? (And our census questions?) What of the status of mixed race people? How can we ever know if we are acting from a racist assumption? 

146    Mystery in the Pacific (20 min) -DVD
Twenty min segment for Discover Magazine, which aired on Discovery Channel in 1996. This program    explores cultural history of Nan Madol, an ancient stone city in Ponape, Micronesia.

147   A Paralyzing Fear: The Story of Polio in America  (1:29) - DVD
This compelling story is rendered through an archived of 3000 films and 5000 photographs that brings to life an America that was both brave and innocent—when people believed in scientists, government, and the power of every individual in the flight to protect children.

148   Influenza 1918  (1:00) - DVD
In September of 1918, soldiers at an army base near Boston suddenly began to die. Doctors found the victims’ lungs filled with fluid and strangely blue. They identified the cause of death as influenza, but it was unlike any strain ever seen. It would become the worst epidemic in American history, killing over 600,000—more than all the nation’s combat deaths this century combined.
Drawing on remarkable archival photographs and film footage, and interviews with survivors and medical historians, INFLUENZA 1918 tells the powerful story of America’s worst health crisis. Despite recent triumphs over many infectious disease, medical science proved powerless against the killer virus. In  desperation, people turned to folk remedies: garlic, camphor balls. Sugar cubes soaked with kerosene. Frantic officials closed schools, factories and churches, and everyone was required to wear a mask. But the virus was unstoppable. Relentless. Lethal. Curiously, this painful event has nearly faded from our national memory. But as this gripping medical thriller proves, it is a story that deserves never to be forgotten. 

149   Nenetsi Samoyeds: Nomads of the Siberian Tundra  (52 min) - DVD
This unusual program provides an ethnographic record of the harsh life of the nomads. Nenetsi reindeer herds-men of the Yamal Peninsula. Minimal narration allows stark images to speak for themselves. The harshness of the Nenetsi existence—precarious and dependent on the whims of nature—is reinforced as the camera follows the nomads on their spring journey to southern grazing lands. There, adults hunt, fish, or construct sleds, and  temporary huts, while children draw pictures that represent their lives. This is a fascinating glimpse into the daily existence of a pre-industrial people living in the modern world.  

150   Stonehenge in Context: From Modern Myth to Ancient History  (51 min) - DVD
Using 3-D computer re-creations of Stonehenge during its three phases of construction, archival film and photos of archaeological excavations, and artwork, this program traces the long history of Britain’s most  famous Neolithic landmark. Archaeologists Geoffrey Wainwright, Dave Batchelor, and Gillian Swanton and    authors Rosamud Cleal, Clive Ruggles, Christopher Chippindale, Mike Pitts consider the many theories posited over the centuries, summarily debunking some and conservatively prasing others. Remarkable footage of a recent attempt to build a similar monument using ancient human-powered methods is included. 

151   Doorway to the Past: The Art of Historical Archaeology   ( 29 min) - DVD
Doorway to the Past is a unique video experience that gives history a whole new dimension, bridging time to bring the present into direct contact with the past. You’ll learn how archaeologists skillfully remove artifacts from old wells, building foundations, and trash pits as well as how they interpret these discoveries to paint a factual picture of the society in which the items were used. The first segment of the video dramatizes the contributions of Thomas Jefferson to modern archaeological techniques. His reasoning is still followed today, as the video’s archaeologists demonstrate in their efforts to piece together the past from fragments they find buried in Colonial Williamsburg. You’ll see different excavation sites, how the experts “date” what they find, and laboratory processes that are used to understand and protect the artifacts. All of this scientific analysis enables historians to re-create accurately eighteenth-century life in the American colonies. Curators can thus choose the appropriate furnishings and costumes from Williamsburg’s restored community. Architects are able to reconstruct the buildings that once stood in the former Virginia capital. Even landscape artists have been able to determine the trees, gardens, and flowers by the early colonists. The video closes with a lively tavern scene re-created to demonstrate how the various artifacts might have been used, broken, and discarded. 

152   The Rockefeller Family and Colonial Williamsburg   (29 min) - DVD
Colonial Williamsburg, a city that embodies and portrays the adventure of American independence, is the grand realization of a great family’s vision. If the names of Washington, Jefferson, and Henry are touchstones in the saga of the eighteenth century city, the name Rockefeller is fundamental to the story of its twentieth-century restoration. It is a story of personal participation mingled with affectionate generosity, chronicled here through archival photos and film, a narrative drawn from the record, and the first-person recollections of David Rockefeller. A boy when the endeavor began, his first name became a piece of restoration lore, and his memories of his family’s association with the project still sparkle as he relates them for the camera. There the day his father made a cautious pledge to the revival of the colonial city, Mr. Rockefeller saw that tentative start flower into a charming city now revered as a national icon. The commitment of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., to the undertaking was as bold and as enduring as the five-hundred-year-old oak that dominates the south lawn of his Williamsburg home, Bassett Hall. In the eighteenth-century farmhouse, the unassuming philanthropist and his wife, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, immersed themselves in the details of the restoration and in the life of the community. They began a personal association with Colonial Williamsburg that extended through their sons into the generations to follow, even as the family’s project became a public institution. Colonial Williamsburg’s Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, the finest facility of its kind, is Mr. Rockefeller’s monument to his wife’s memory. The restored city is a memorial to them both, and American treasure redeeming Mr. Rockefeller’s pledge “that the future may learn from the past.” Told with warmth and humor, illustrated with rarely seen footage, and complemented by a splendid sound track, The Rockefeller Family and Colonial Williamsburg chronicles generations of a family’s service to the re-creation of a national treasure. 

153   A Link Among the Days The Reverend Dr. William Archer Rutherfoord Goodwin (32 min) - DVD
The great American philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, Jr., furnished the financial wherewithal for Williamsburg’s restoration; the rector of Burton Parish Church, the Reverend Dr. W.A.R. Goodwin, contributed the vision. “The proposition, for better or worse,” Goodwin said, “originated in my won dreams. In these dreams I have seen a city beautiful.” A man of energy wit, and determination, it was Goodwin who in 1926 showed Rockefeller the prospect and the promise of preserving Virginia’s eighteenth-century capital. To borrow an expression Rockefeller liked, Goodwin was farseeing. Where other eyes discerned only the decay of colonial homes and the accumulations of modern eyesores, Goodwin beheld the shadows of grace and memory of beauty. Together, the minister and the millionaire recreated and preserved for dreamers to come a city alive with the spirit of liberty and crowded with the ghosts of patriots. A man of modesty as well as perception,       Goodwin was self-effacing. Beyond a magazine article, there is no published biography. With the help of Howard Goodwin, his only surviving son, an authoritative video sketch of Goodwin’s life is presented here for the first time. The film is illustrated with family album photographs only now made public, with documentary stills—some seen before only by historians and archivists—and with rarely used motion picture footage. A Link Among Days reproduces oral history recordings never before released. Among the narration is Goodwin himself. The sound track features period music, and the presentation closes with one of Dr. Goodwin’s Favorite hymns. This portrayal of Goodwin’s achievements, humor, optimism, disappointments, stamina, and fatigues is the story of the realization of an American dream, a link among the days of a nation’s past, its present, and its future, Goodwin’s city beautiful. 

 155   Mesoamerica: The Rise and Fall of the City-States   (26 min) - DVD
Filmed on location in central and southern Mexico, this program touches on the Mayan, Toltec, and Aztec cultures—and a civilization that preceded them all at a city dubbed  Teotihuacan by Nahuatl-speakers centuries after its fall. Expert commentary and 3-D computer images shed light on the complex societies that emerged, grew strong, and disappeared in the highest and lowlands of Mesoamerica. 

 156   Slave Island: New York’s Hidden History   (49 min) - DVD
When excavation in downtown Manhattan unearthed in the 18th century Negro burial ground, New Yorkers were reminded that slavery was not limited to the South. This program explores and often-overlooked chapter in the history of the city and the colonies in general by examining the oldest slave cemetery ever found in North America. Scholars and leading experts conduct archaeological and forensic analysis of the remains of nearly 400 African-American slaves. Dramatic reenactments, early maps, and documents for slaver traders also help   to piece together a clearer picture of life in forced servitude to either the Dutch West India Company of English masters.  

 157   Jamestown Rediscovery    (48 min) - DVD
“We have discovered America’s Birthplace… the original Jamestown Fort.” With these words, on September 12, 1996, Virginia Governor George Allen officially announced one of the major archeological finds of this      century. Conventional wisdom held that the original fort site had been swallowed by the constant erosion of the Kames River. Jamestown Rediscovery: a world uncovered tells the compelling story of the discovery of the first permanent English settlement in America. Hosted by veteran journalist Roger Mudd, the program follows   this remarkable journey by the archaeologists of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, Director of Archaeology Dr. William Kelso provides an inside look at the process of modern archaeology,   from how simple stains in the soil show the “footprint” of the fort to unearthing the remain of one of the colony’s first settlers.  Jamestown Rediscovery is a fascinating adventure into America’s past; exploring how what happened nearly four centuries ago still has meaning for today. 

159   Neanderthal  (2:00) - DVD

                The Making of Neanderthal    (1:00)

                Humans: Who are we?   (1:00)

160   Plimoth Plantation: The Making of a Colony     (15 min) -DVD
In 1620, America’s most famous immigrants—the Pilgrims—set food on land which would be their new home. The Making of a Colony tells the story of the beginnings of Plymouth Colony through eyewitness accounts, using Governor William Bradford’s Of Plimoth Plantation, and Mourt’s Relation: A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, written by an anonymous author. Through dramatic recreations of these primary sources and with modern narration, viewers are invited to follow the English settlers, who later came to be called Pilgrims, through their journey from English and Holland to America; their difficult first winter their treaty with the Native People and their first successful harvest. Plimoth Plantation is a living history museum that brings to life the experiences of these English settlers, and those of the Wampanoag on whose land they settled. Travel with them in their time in the 1627 Pilgrim Village, at Hobbamock’s Wampanoag Indian Homesite, and abroad Mayflower 11. At the carriage House Crafts Center, watch artisans make the 17th-century European goods using period methods.  

161   Plimoth Plantation: 17th - Century Kiln (38 min) - DVD/VHS
Rediscovering a Lost Tradition, The Technology of a 17th- century Style Wood-fired Pottery Kiln at Plimoth Plantation                 

162   Vietnam: Where War Has Passed — Agent Orange/ Deadly Debris: UXO (1:00) - DVD
"Where War Has Passed" is a Vietnamese view of the Agent Orange issue, and an interesting example of advocacy journalism in Vietnam. It was originally made for Vietnamese audiences only. The film makers noticed that Vietnamese veterans and their children who were suffering from possible effects of Agent Orange received no government benefits, although benefits were available for families of wounded veterans and for families of those killed in action. After this film was aired and after print articles, the government established a fund for those possibly affected by Agent Orange.                  

163   The Spilt Horn: Life of a Hmong Shaman in America   (56 min) - DVD
The Split Horn is the sweeping story of a Hmong shaman and his family living in Appleton, Wisconsin. Documenting the journey of Paja Thao and his family from the mountains of Laos to the heartland of America, this poignant film shows a shaman’s struggle to maintain his ancient traditions as his children embrace American culture. America has become the testing ground for the enduring of strength of Hmong culture. The evocative narrative captures the daily struggle of Paja Thao’s family caught between two worlds. 

164   The Brain Eater   (1:00) - DVD
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (B.S.E.), nicknamed "Mad Cow Disease" was as unanticipated as AIDS, and is arguably as insidious. It arose from centuries of relative obscurity in sheep to sweep through British cattle herds with staggering speed. It is caused by an infectious agent whose precise identity is still in dispute. It seems to be unusually adept at breaking through the biochemical barriers that usually make it impossible for disease-causing organisms to jump from one species to another. It has already caused the deaths of at least 20 humans, most of them young. And it may be incubating within an unknown number of people who have consumed British beef products over the last decade. These gruesome facts alone make the story worth telling.

165   Mountain   (39 min) - DVD
Named Outstanding Film Documentary by the Genesis Awards (the major award for works about animal issues) and filmed in the lush mountain cloud forests of Rwands, Africa, Mountain Gorilla provides an amazing encounter with the highly social species that is the largest of all primates. East, nap, travel, eat, interact, eat: That’s a typical routine for adult gorillas. But for rambunctious three-year-olds, the routine is more like play, play, play, play as they tumble, swing, wrestle and twirl. Overseeing all of the troop’s activities is the proud, massive silverback male whose dominance is unchallenged – until a young silverback tries to exert his newfounded sense of power.

166   Human Immune System    (27 min) - DVD
The body's immune system is essential for survival. Learn how it defends us against foreign substances, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa, parasites, potentially toxic cells, or abnormal cells. The immune system attacks invaders, or antigens, and maintains a memory of doing so, thereby enabling it to respond more quickly and with greater strength if the body is ever exposed to the same threat again. Understand what antibodies are and learn how they're produced. Immunodeficiency and autoimmune diseases are discussed, so students will know what happens when the immune system does not function as it should.  

167   Killer Disease on Campus: Meningitis    (1:00) - DVD
Adam was a typical sophomore at Michigan State University, enjoying his studies and playing in the school band. But within just a few hours, he was fighting for his life. Meningococcal meningitis – a deadly bacterial infection that commonly attacks teenagers, young adults, and children under five – had struck Adam with no warning. His life was spared, but the disease took many of his fingers and toes. Others haven’t been as lucky.  

168   History’s Mysteries: Smallpox Deadly Again  (50 min) - DVD
From the dawn of time to the epic sweep of the twentieth century, from the great conflicts to the inventions that changed the world, The History Channel on Video captures the glory, tragedy and drama of the human experience. Brilliant specials, astounding documentaries, and vibrant dramatizations bring the past home to you.

169   A Closer Walk  (1:25) - DVD
A Closer Walk is the first film to provide a definitive portrayal of humankind’s confrontation with the global AIDS Epidemic. Directed, written and produced by Oscar nominee Robert Bilheimer, and narrated by Glenn Close and Will Smith, the film explores the intricate relationship between health, dignity, and human rights, and shows how the harsh realities of AIDS in the world are expression of the way the world really is. Incisive interviews with individuals from all walks of life, including the Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, and Bono, combine with stories, portraits and vignettes of children, women and men living with AIDS on four continents. Breathtaking cinematography by Richard D. Young celebrates human dignity even as it bears witness to immense human suffering

172   The Shadow of Hate: A History of Intolerance in America  (40 min) - VHS
“He didn’t look like one of us.” To many residents of Atlanta in 1913, this was reason enough to suspect Leo Frank of murder. For some, it was reason enough to hang him. It’s a story as old as humanity – pointing the finger at those who don’t look or act or think like we do.   The Shadow of Hates spans three centuries to examine this county’s ongoing struggle to live up to its ideals of liberty, equality and justice for all. Through documentary footage and eyewitness reports, viewers are given a powerful perspective on historical events from the ordinary people who lived though them.

173  Two - Spirit People (26 min) - DVD
An overview of historical and contemporary Native American concepts of gender, sexuality and sexual orientation. This documentary explores the berdache tradition in Native American culture, in which individuals who embody feminine and masculine qualities act as a conduit between the physical and spiritual world, and because of this are placed in positions of power within the community.

174   The Story of Glass (45 min) - DVD
This beautiful title is a compelling and intriguing guide to the history and tradition of glass, produced by The Victoria and Albert Museum in London and The Corning Museum of Glass sin New York.  The history of glass from the ancient world to the present day is explored in detail. Introductory short stories set the scene; copious illustrations of famous masterpieces are accompanied by makers biographies and maps. Over 45 min of video show a master craftsman demonstrating techniques of making, blowing, molding enameling, cutting and engraving are all explained. 

175   Covered: The Hejab in Cairo, Egypt (25 min.) - DVD
Just over a decade ago it was hard to find women on the streets of Cairo who veiled, a custom that their forebears struggled to overthrow at the beginning of the twentieth century. But today, many Muslim women in Egypt wear a head scarf called the hejab, and in more extreme cases they cover their entire faces. This absorbing documentary offers a rare opportunity to examine the restoration of veiling and the reasons for its pervasiveness through the eyes of Egyptian women. In unique interviews with women of different ages and backgrounds, "Covered" reveals that Islamic tradition, religious fundamentalism, and growing nationalism are not solely responsible for decisions to wear the hejab. Diverse social, economic and political factors, as well as personal preferences, often play prominent roles. As timely as it is compelling, the film shows how complex causes account for a phenomenon that is poorly understood outside the Muslim world.

176   Famine to Freedom: The Great Irish Journey      (52 min) - DVD
In this program, an archaeological dig in Ireland and a genealogical investigation in America are linked by family ties to the Neary family, 19th- century tenant farmers in Ballykilcline. Senator Ted Kennedy, archaeologist Charles Orser, and others sift through Ireland’s history to shed light on the catastrophic potato famine; provide an unvarnished account of the mass exodus through which America ultimately gained so much; and break, at last, the “great silence” surrounding the Neary rent strike that put a match to the powder keg of Irish unrest under English rule. A Discovery Channel Production

177   Scraps of Life      (28 Min) - DVD
Two thousand people were murdered in Chile during the Piinochet years, according to official government statistics. Although the dictatorship has finally come to an end, it has left a legacy of bereaved mothers, sisters and wives. These surviving women come together to give concrete expression to their sorrow and to demand truth and justice from the new government. They sew murals out of scraps of fabrics, called arpilleras, that record Chile’s bloody history. These women’s groups are a far cry from traditional women’s sewing circles. Many women have become poitically active, determined to wrest the truth about the fate of their loved ones from the labyrinth of government bureaucracy. Some undertake projects to help the poor and to educate their country’s youth. As we meet the women and hear their tragic stories, we marvel at their strength. Their unique creations are their insurance that the deaths will be remembered by future generations. Flimmakers Library 

178   Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt   (1:19) - DVD
In the early 1980’s, a mysterious new disease suddenly started killing young gay men in American Cities. It wasn’t until Rock Hudson’s death, in 1985, that the rest of the country began to take notice. Common Threads tells the powerful story of the first decade of the AIDS epidemic in the US – from the first ominous warning signs and the government’s failure to respond, to the vibrant protest movement that was born as a result. Starting with five life stories chosen from the thousands memorialized in the NAMES Project AIDS Quilt – the Olympic athlete, the recovering drug addict; the conservative naval commander; the gay street activist; and the 11 year old suburban boy with hemophilia - filmmakers skillfully weave intimate memories with contemporary news footage to tell an epic and moving story of love, loss anger and healing.

181   Millennium: Tribal Wisdom and the Modern World, 1 — The  Shock of the Other Color;  (1:00) - DVD
This ten-part series explores the values and world perspectives that hold many tribal cultures together and looks at what industrialized modern societies can learn from them as the next millennium approaches. In the first program, host David Maybury-Lewis offers a personal meditation on the "other" — people of cultures foreign to Western society — as he journeys deep into the Peruvian Amazon to unravel the mystery of the Mascho-Piro, a tribe that remains hidden from the outside world. Produced by KCET, Los Angeles. English narration; English subtitles are used when local dialects are spoken. 1992 PBS video

While Western societies strive to answer these questions through a biological view--conception, birth, adolescence, maturity, and death--tribal cultures define identity by the myths and rituals of their society, by the people who rear them, and by an organic continuum to which they belong. Explore these views of life and death through scenes taken from the family life of an abortion counselor in Canada, a boy's initiation into manhood in a Brazilian Xavante tribe, a high school girl's attempted suicide, and an Indonesian Sumbanese tribesman's relationship to his dead relatives. 

While Western society relegates aesthetics to specialists, in tribal cultures, where they have no word for "art" or "artist," views of life and death are traditionally expressed in everyday dances, clothes sculptures, and paintings. In "The Art of Living," travel with program narrator David Maybury-Lewis to the Wodaabe tribe of Neger and the Dogon people of Mali to witness the ways they celebrate life and death with acts of beauty and grace. meet a North American artist who shows us his way of connecting his art to the meaning of life and death.

184   The Curse of the Somers: BILLY BUDD’S GHOST SHIP (55 min) 1995 - DVD
This film is a gripping sea saga of the 19th century dramatized by George and Joel Belcher’s 20th century expedition to the find of the shipwreck of the US Brig Somers. The US Brig Somers was the scene in 1942 of what may have been the only mutiny in the US naval history-or was it murder? Three men were hanged from the Somers yardarm, one the 18 year old son of the US Secretary of War. The hangings aboard the Somers gave her a bad name. She was a cursed ship and no one wanted to serve aboard her. Sailors claimed that the hanged men haunted the Somers. At night, there were sightings of ghostly figures, and voices were heard crying out above the yardarm. Was the 18 year old midshipman Philip Spencer the inspiration for Herman Melville’s Billy Budd? Young Spencer is still remembered as the martyred hero of Chi Psi, the national collegiate fraternity helped found in 1841. The US Brig Somers heeled over in a sudden gale in 1846 off Veracruz, Mexico during the opening months of the Mexican War.

185   Anthropology: Real People, Real Careers  (42 min) - DVD
Written and produced and directed by Francis E. Smiley, North Arizona University, this DVD addressed the perennial question “What exactly does an applied anthropologist do?” Designed for the use in introductory anthropology courses, the DVD provides information and interviews with individuals working in ten different fields in applied anthropology.

185 B  Beyond Ethnography: Corporate and Design Anthropology (25 min) DVD
Draws on ethnographic research project conduct at General Motors Corporation, It offers a successful model for the use of anthropology in corporate settings. Those interested in how anthropological theory and methods relate to real-world problem solving, and those seeking anthropological careers involving both in-house research and external consulting, will find the DVD useful and compelling. 

186   Hopi Quilts    (30 min) - DVD
Since missionaries introduced the American craft of quilting to Hopi women over 100 years ago, simple patchwork bedcoverings have evolved into contemporary works of art.This art form featuring centuries-old native symbols and designs have been virtually unknown outside the quilters villages. Now visit their homes on the remote reservation and discover how Hopi artisans have adopted an American tradition and made it uniquely their own

187    Race the Power of an Illusion (2:48) - DVD
Challenges one of our most fundamental beliefs: that humans come divided into a few distinct biological groups. This definitive three-part- series is an eye-opening tale of how what we assume to be normal, commonsense, even scientific, is actually shaped by our history, social institutions and cultural beliefs.

Episode 1 – The Difference Between US  -  (56 min) Everyone can tell a Norwegian from a Nubian, so why doesn’t it make sense to sort people into biological races? Examine the contemporary science – including genetics – that challenges our assumptions about human groups.

Episode 2 –  The Difference Between US  -  (56 min) Hasn’t race always been with us? Explore the root of the race concept, including the 19th century science that justified it and how it gained such a hold over our minds.

Episode 3 – The Difference Between US  -  (56 min) Race may be a biological myth, but racism gives different groups vastly different life chances. Forty years after the Civil Rights Movement, the playing field is still not level and “colorblind” policies only perpetuate inequality.  

188   Uncovered: The Whole Truth About the Iraq War     2006 DVD
This controversial and arresting film takes you behind the walls of government, as CIA, Pentagon and Foreign Service experts speak out, many for the first time, detailing the lies, misstatements and exaggerations that served as the reasons to fight a “preemptive” war that wasn’t necessary. The war with Iraq brought about unparalleled resistance, both in the streets and in the chambers of government. This documentary offers an in-depth look at the unsettling distortions of intelligence and the “spin and hype” presented to the American people, the Congress and the press. Fighting wars to bring about regime change is in breach of international law. Yet, throughout the fall of 2002, and into the weeks preceding the war in Iraq, the Bush administration systematically distorted intelligence evidence and misled the public in order to turn opinion in favor of “regime change” in Iraq. The film will present interviews with more than 20 experts, all of whom have informed opinions about the reasons we were given for war and the evidence presented to support those reasons. Some supported the war itself but are deeply concerned about the way information was misused. All believe it is their duty to speak up.Among those interviewed are former Ambassador Joe Wilson, weapons inspectors Scott Ritter and David Albrignt, anti-terrorism expert Rand Beers, Former CIA analyst Ray McGovern, Former CIA operative Robert Baer and the Washington editor of the Nation, David Corn

189     Stories of Women in Kabul  (27 min) - DVD
The producers of this program were granted unlimited access to Kabul’s Baghe Zanana, or Garden of Women – Perhaps the only public place in Afghanistan where men are not welcome. Here, women can gather, dance and remove their burqas without fear o violence or alienation. In stark contrast, a women’s prison is also visited. The courageous figures who inhabit these settings – including a resident therapist who conducts support groups for the frightened and the traumatized, and a cafeteria employee struggling to improve her family’s living conditions – demonstrate how far Afghanistan  must go to overcome its repressive and war-ravaged history. A Deutsche Welle Production

 190     Jane Goodall's - Return to Gombe  (50 min) - DVD
World-renowned primatologist Jane Goodall makes her annual RETURN TO GOMBE in this exciting and somewhat heartbreaking visit to the chimpanzee research station she made famous. It seems a revolution has broken out among her favorite group of chimps and is brutal and bullying leader, Frodo, has been overthrown. With a power struggle imminent among the other chimps, Jane searches for Frodo and reminisces about groundbreaking research, thoughts beliefs and emotions she has invested in these wild chimpanzees and protecting  primates around the world. RETURN TO GOMBE makes for a fascinating and unforgettable journey.

 191     Chiimps: So Like Us Featuring Dr. Jane Goodall     (29 min) - DVD
For three decades, Jane Goodall has studied the chimpanzees of Gombe National Park in Tanzania. There, living simply amid the lush greenery, on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, she has become the world’s foremost authority on man’s closest living relative. In Chimps: So Like Us, Goodall provides a glimpse into this special universe, sharing her vision and passionate concern for her simian neighbors. The film opens gently in the quiet forest, where, with Goodall as guide and interpreter, the chimpanzees’ remarkable similarity to humans is revealed before the camera. Like humans, chimps live in family units, make tools, eat meat and express with complex emotions. The distinction between man and animal blurs as scenes of love, jealousy, friendship and war are played out within chimpanzee society.Yet, chimps’ genetic closeness to man is also their curse. In explosive counterpoint to the chimpanzees’ balanced live in their natural habitat, the film reveals the shocking conditions under which many chimps suffer in poorly maintained research labs. With uncompromising conviction, the film argues the case for the chimpanzees’ right to live in freedom in their natural habitat and for humane treatment when in captivity.

 192     Quinessential Chinese Culture: Traditional Chinese Medicine  (30 min) - DVD
With a long-standing history, traditional Chinese medicine has created a unique Chinese health culture. This program traces the development of traditional Chinese medicine, shares the important legends of Chinese medicine, including Shenongshi, Bianque, Zhangzhongjing, and Lishizhen, explains the details of unique medical formulas and treatments, and describes the unique health culture of traditional Chinese medicine

193     Little Ditch: The Black River Canal (1:30)  DVD
Fire, flood, politics and corruption: The trials and elation of the engineering marvel that let boats sail over a mountain and move the raw materials that helped build the Empire State.  

194     Soul of Syracuse - Music Festival ( 2 copies) DVD

195     Hearts and Hands: The Influence of Women & Quilts on American Society (63 min) DVD
The film chronicles the lives of ordinary women as well as individuals such as Harriet Tubman, Elizabeth Keckley, Frances Willard and Abigail Scott Duniway through the great 19th century events: industrialization, abolition, the Civil War, westward movement, temperance and suffrage.

197     The Kayapo – Indians Of The Brazilian Rain Forest    (1:00) - DVD
Life changed dramatically for the fiercely independent Kayapo when gold was discovered on their land in 1982. The Amazon was opened up for prospecting and thousands of Brazilians invaded their homeland, turning it into one of the largest gold mines in the world. The Kyapo were forced to adapt and become “businessmen” or see their traditional way of life destroyed. Like any businessman visiting the city to check on his finances, Utay, a chief from one of the villages, walks into a modern bank with his briefcase – wearing his bodypaint and feathers. A chief from another village reminds the younger members of the closely knit tribe of their cultural identity and exhorts them to resist the temptations brought into the forest by the Brazilians. The mines on Kayapo land are policed by warriors with war-clubs and with the wealth earned from the mines they charter planes to the spot illegal prospecting from above. 1987. DVD 

198    The Lost Vikings  (1:00) - DVD
Secrets of the Dead Series - Why did Greenland’s Vikings disappear? The Vikings of Greenland left no clues to their sudden and mysterious disappearance. Or did they? On a desolate coast of Greenland, an international team of archaeologist, forensic anthropologists, entomologist and botanists set out to investigate clues in a complex chain of events that may have led to the demise of a Viking colony. Unearthing the ruins of a settlement that included a cathedral compete with stained glass, the scientists carefully identify and date the vestiges of the Viking society. Among their discoveries are a “mini Ice Age,” a war with neighboring Inuits, and a religious order that may have doomed the Vikings to obsolescence.  PBS Home Video. 2000. VHS 

199      Australia's Aborigines    (1:00)- DVD
In a spectacularly beautiful and remote corner of northern Australia, a handful of people are living in the twilight of their culture. After 40,000 years, the Gagudju Aborigines are transferring the knowledge of their mysterious culture to what may be their last generation.  Travel to their distant land to meet the tribal elders, explore the ancient myths of Dreamtime, and see the extraordinary wildlife that inspires their sacred rock paintings. National Geographic Video.  1988. VHS.

200      The Hidden City of Petra  (50 min) - DVD
At the dawn of the first millennium, an enterprising desert people defied the forces of nature and carved a rose-colored city out of the stark Jordanian mountains. A narrow passage through a two mile chasm reveals their hidden city. Beneath the stone and desert sands lies Petra, 35 miles of temples, tombs, colonnaded market streets, canal systems and cisterns. In this abandoned city, exquisite frescoes and pottery stand in silent tribute to a highly sophisticated, technologically superior people and their long buried culture. Who were the Nabateans, and why did they built their city in so remote and barren place? Archaeologist today are just beginning to unearth the site and uncover the haunting mystery of what became of the Nabateans, and why their culture vanished so suddenly. A& E Home Video 1995. VHS 

201      Passing Through My Mother-in-Law's Village DVD
The East-West Highway was soon to be built in central Taiwan. It would pass through the village of Liu Ts’o, and may homes and rice paddies would be destroyed. The film maker went back to her mother-in-law’s village Liu Ts’o, where she did anthropological research from 1976-1978, to preserve some images of life forever. This film was shot in a natural and intimate climate during the annual two harvests, various activities in daily life and festivals were presented in the film reflecting the villager’s attitudes towards gods, ghosts, ancestors, women, farmlands, urbanization, industrialization, reclamation and resettlement. The film maker attempts to revel the Taiwanese way of facing drastic social changes. (with English subtitles) DVD.

202      America's Stone Age Explorers:  Where did the first Americans come from?   (1:00) - DVD
Who were the first Americans and where did they come from? The conventional view is that they arrived here around 13,500 years ago, but startling new archaeological discoveries suggest it may have been long before that. And experts are testing contentious theories regarding how they got here, including the idea of a dangerous canoe-born voyage from Asia down the west coast of the Americas, or even across the Atlantic from Europe.  Since 1932and the discovery of ancient weapons at Clovis, New Mexico, the “clovis-first” theory held that Ice Age big-game hunters entered the continent by crossing a land bridge that spanned the Bering Strait between Asia and Alaska. Then archaeologist discovered a problem: massive ice sheets blocked the way south, and the search for alternative explanation began. NOVA investigates controversial clues, including finds in an Alaskan bear cave hinting at a west coast voyage and a stone tool from Virginia claimed to be evidence of a landing from Europe. Then visit an extraordinary Clovis dig in Texas with nearly half a million artifacts, which points to completely different solutions to the puzzle.   DVD  

203      Lost Trives of Israel  (1:00) - DVD
Will genetic science solve the riddle of Israel’s Lost Tribes?  Nearly 3,000 years ago, ten of Israel’s founding tribes were defeated by the Assyrians and banished from ancient Judea. Today, people from as far away as Japan, India and Ethiopia claim to be the descendants of Israel’s Lost Tribe. 4,000 miles from Jerusalem’s sacred Western Wall, members of the Lemba tribe have names like Solomon and David. They practice a ritual slaughter and follow strict dietary rules. But are their beliefs based on myth or reality? See how this South African tribe is putting their heritage to the testJoin anthropologist Tudor Parfitt and take a scientific and genealogical adventure that leads from the Holy land through Zimbabwe, to the wilderness of Southern Yemen and a modern-day London genetics lab. See how today’s technology can solve an ancient Biblical riddle and explore the modern genetic techniques that reveal never-before-seen connections between people, giving the past unprecedented new clarity. NOVA VHS 

204      The Language You Cry In (52 min) - DVD
Tells an amazing scholarly detective story reaching across hundreds of years and thousands of miles from 18th century Sierra Leone to the Gullah people of present-day Georgia. It recounts the even more remarkable saga of how African Americans retain links with their African past through the horrors of the Middle Passage, slavery and segregation. The film dramatically demonstrates the contribution of contemporary scholarship to restoring what narrator Vertamae Grosvernor calls the “non-history” imposed on African Americans”. This is a story of memory, how the memory of a family was pieced together through a song with legendary powers to connect those who sang it with their roots. It traces the history of this song, a burial hymn of the Mende people brought as slaves to the rice plantations of the Southeast coast more than two hundred years ago. It was preserved there for generations thought the meaning of the words were forgotten until a pioneering Black linguist, Lorenzo Turner, recognized its origin in the 1930s. In the 1990s contemporary scholars Joe Opala and Cynthia Schmidt discovered that the song was still remembered in a remote village in Sierra Leone. An old woman had learned it from her grandmother who made the remarkable prediction that this song would help her recognize some long-lost kinfolk. The film concludes with the moving homecoming of the Gullah family which had preserved the song in America to the Mende villagers who re-enact the ancient burial rights for them. 1998 California Newsreel. DVD 

205      The Quilts of Gee's Bend   (28 min) - DVD
…documentary accompanies the major exhibitions of Gee’s Bend quilts. Set in the quiltmakers’ homes and yards, and told through the women’s voices, this music-filled documentary takes viewers inside the art and fascinating living history of a uniquely American community and art form. 

206     The Legend of the Crystal Skulls  (46 min) - DVD
The Hollywood blockbuster Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull is a fictionalized account of the legend of the crystal skulls. Now this exciting docudrama traces the true story of the world’s celebrated crystal skulls and state-of-the-art technology finally reveals their ancient secrets.  Crystal skulls have a devoted following who believe in their mystical (and perilous) powers and a Mayan legend of 13 skulls coming together in a time of great peril to save mankind by divulging the secret knowledge of all ages.Today there are a handful of crystal skull relics, including one at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. This is the story of curator Jane MacLaren Walsh’s 16-year quest to trace the origins of the 31 pound crystal skull mailed anonymously to the museum in 1992.Walsh’s investigation takes her from ancient Mesoamerica to archive across Europe and the Americas, where she traces legend and makes comparisons to other skulls and to pre-Columbian Aztec and Mixtec rock Crystal artifacts. But the skulls are perfectly designed to confound researchers. Made of quartz crystal, they contain no carbon, essential to dating. Walsh and her colleagues faced a formidable challenge, pitting science against the supernatural. Join them as they uncover the truth behind one of the world’s most enduring mysteries…that of the mythical crystal skulls. DVD 

207      Quest for Sunken Warships  (2:43) - DVD
Hidden deep beneath the sea lies the wreckage of mighty war machines, each with untold stories of battles, glory and defeat. Join us on the hunt for these antiques of the deep, and unlock the mysteries and the history waiting on the ocean floor. Each episode of QUEST FOR SUNKEN WARSHIPS features authentic historical footage, GCI illustrations and archival materials of the battles being investigated, along with high-resolution underwater images and live action, on-site explorations of the sunken wrecks by our team of courageous divers. Features: torpedo Alley, Operation Hailstone, USS Oriskany, USS Murphy.  DVD 

208     The Real Tomg Hunters: Snakes, Curses and Booby Traps   (1:34) - DVD
Fighting Nazis; grabbing golden treasure; fleeing angry natives;  dodging pitfalls in a booby-trapped temple – we all know how fictional explorers and archaeologist spend their days. But does real life compare? HISTORY™ follows some of the most daring archaeologist from around the world and details the dangers they face, including booby-trapped tombs, looters in the jungles of Cancuén, and the real kidnapping by angry villages in Chiapas. Examine the stories of past explorers who helped shape the stereotypes of iconic movie heroes, and join their exciting quests through deserts, jungles and harsh terrain. There are no special effect, no stuntmen, and no retakes…and for these real-life archaeologist, no guarantee they‘ll survive for a sequel.                    

209      Stonehenge DeCoded: A Lost City Revealed  (1:30) DVD
Journey back 4,500 years to unlock the secrets of the world’s most enduring archaeological mystery…Stonehenge. Stonehenge Decoded presents world-renowned archaeologist as they reveal a revolutionary new theory about who built Stonehenge and why. Thanks to a recent discovery of a lost city just two miles from the famous stone circle, our understanding of this era is now transformed.Featuring dramatic recreations, groundbreaking new discoveries, and fascinating interviews, Stonehenge Decoded transports us back to an ancient time to shed new light on this mysterious monument in ways never before possible. Narrated by Donald Sutherland.  DVD 

211      How Earth Made US  - Epidode 3 - Wind   (48 min) - DVD 
Professor Iain Stewart continues his epic exploration of how the planet has shaped human history.  Iain sets sail on one of the fastest racing boats ever built to explore the story of our turbulent relationship with the wind.  Traveling to iconic locations including the Sahara desert, the coast of West Africa and the South Pacific, Iain discovers how people have exploited the power of the wind for thousands of years.  The wind is a force which at first sight appears chaotic.  But he patterns that lie within the atmosphere have shaped the destiny of continents, and lie at the heart of some of the greatest turning points in human history.

212      Pimpernel Smith    (2:00) - DVD 
This 1941 update of The Scarlet Pimpernel finds British actor Leslie Howard reinventing one of his most popular characters as an absent-minded archaeology professor ingeniously smuggling victims of Nazi oppression out of Germany. Howard (Gone with the Wind), who left Hollywood to return to his native country during World War II, also directed this taut, entertaining adventure in a patriotic vein, including scenes in which his charismatic hero scientifically debunks the myth of Aryan superiority. Directed with a deft touch and edited for maximum excitement, Pimpernel Smith is at the very least an equal to Howard's 1935 version of The Scarlet Pimpernel (directed by Harold Young), and in some ways it is technically superior.

213      Time Team America     (1:00) - DVD
Time Team America wades into the swamps of South Carolina to further our understanding of North America's first human inhabitants. Debate continues in the scientific community about when people first came to the American continent. The team has just three days to search out evidence that could shed light on the controversy. What they find could rock the archaeological world.

 214      Stonehenge and the Ancient Britons    (50 min) - DVD
This is the fascinating story of the British Isles in prehistory: of the hunters and farmers who eked out a living from the land: and of Stonehenge, the megalithic structure which has become a symbol of those dark and mysterious times. Standing tall on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, the ancient stone circle is steeped in myth and legend; even today, it refuses to give up all of its secrets. This program contains superb graphics and computer animation, detailed reconstructions, location footage, and Insightful interpretation and analysis.

215      America's Stonehenge - The History of a Sacred Place    (41 min) - DVD
This film reconstructs the 2500 year cultural history of the America's Stonehenge archaeological site located in North Salem, NH. The complex of stone chambers, standing stones, niches, and other stone structures at the site served as an important spiritual and ritual center for a group of ancient Native American people. For the Native Americans this place was sacred. Construction of this ritual complex began over 3,000 years ago and evolved through five major periods of construction and change until its final closure with the arrival of European colonists. The Native Americans left an extraordinary archaeological record of their ritual activities and spiritual beliefs.
Author and independent researcher, Mary Gage, has meticulously researched this site for many years and has successfully reconstructed its cultural history. This film is based upon her book, "America's Stonehenge Deciphered" (2006).

216    The Incredible Human Journey    (4:53) - DVD
Thousands of years ago one small group of our species, Homo sapiens, crossed out of Africa and into the unknown.  Their descendants faced baking deserts, sweat-soaked jungles and frozen wildernesses and risked everything on the vast empty ocean.  Within 60,000 years they colonized the whole world.  Using evidence from genetics, fossils, archaeology and climatology, Dr. Alice Roberts uncovers five epic routes our ancestors took across the globe and the obstacles and brutal challenges they encountered along the way.  It reveals how our family tree grew and spread out across the world, producing all the variety we see in the human species today- but despite all that diversity, Dr. Roberts reveals how astonishing closely related we all are.

217    Sun Come Up  (38 min) - DVD
Sun come up is an Academy Award Nominated film that shows the human face of climate change.  The film follows the relocation of the Carteret Islander, a community living on a remote island chain in the South Pacific Ocean, and now, some of the world's first environmental refugees.When climate change threatens their survival, the islanders face a painful decision.  The must leave their ancestral land in search of a new place to call home.  Sun Come Up follows a group of young islanders as they search for land and build relationships in war-torn Bougainville, 50 miles across the open ocean.

218 A  Becoming American - The Chinese Experience: Gold Mountain Dreams  (1:02) - DVD
Fleeing civil war, flooding, and famine, thousands of young men leave the villages of southern China to seek their fortunes in the California Gold Rush of 1849.  Most move on to other jobs in the American West – from fishing, farming, cooking and washing clothes to working on the first transcontinental railroad.   

218 B  Becoming American - The Chinese Experience: Between Two Worlds  (1:02) b- DVD 
Examines life under the Chinese Exclusion Act through the Stories of Chinese Americans and their families who were kept apart by both ancient customs and US Law

218 C  Becoming American - The Chinese Experience: No Turning Back  (1:02) - DVD
Presents intimate portraits of the new Chinese Americans who, since 1965, have faced a struggle common to so many immigrants: to reconcile some losses of their old culture in order to embrace their adopted American one. 

219 A Becoming American - Personal Journeys: A Personal Journey w/ Dr. David Ho, AIDS Researcher (14 min) - DVD
Since arriving in America from Taiwan at the age of 12, Dr. David Ho has become a world-renowned scientist. His research in the fight against HIV/Aids earned him honors as time magazine’s Man of the Year. In this program, Bill Moyers talks with Dr. Ho about his experience as an immigrant and US citizen, and his contributions to the battle against AIDS.  

219 B Becoming American - Personal Journeys: A personal Journey w/ Shirley Young, Market Research Pioneer (15 min) - DVD
In this program, Bill Moyers talks with Shirley Young, an inspiring woman who survived the Japanese occupation of the Philippines to become a pioneer of market research with Grey Advertising.  Later, as a vice president of General Motors, she helped launch GM’s operation in China, the country of her birth

219 C Becoming American - Personal Journeys: A personal Journey w/ Gish Jen, Author (15 min) - DVD
Born and raised in the United States, Gish Jen has become a leading literary voice of the Chinese American experience.  In this program, Bill Moyers talks with the critically acclaimed writer, whose novels and short stories are known for their humorous and incisive edge.  

219 D Becoming American - Personal Journeys: A personal Journey w/ Samuel Ting, Nobel Laureate Physicist (15 min) -DVD
Born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and raised in China and Taiwan, Samuel Ting received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1976 and is now leading a multinational experiment with NASA to search for antimatter, the opposite of our known universe.  In this program Bill Moyers speaks with Dr. Ting about his childhood years in war-torn China, his current project, and his philosophy of science.  

219 E Becoming American - Personal Journeys: A personal Journey w/ Maya Lin, Artist and Architect (27 min) - DVD
Sculptor, architect, and designer, Maya Lin catapulted to prominence with, as a senior at Yale University, she was chosen to design the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC.  In this program, Bill Moyers talks with her about her upbringing and multifaceted career. 

220 Traces of the Trade: A Story for the Deep North (1:26) - DVD 
When Katrina Brown learned that her distinguished New England family had been the largest slave-trading dynasty in the US history, she was shocked, but resolved to face her troubling heritage squarely.  She and nine family members retraced the infamous Triangle Trade: from their ancestral home in Rhode Island to the slave forts of Ghana, across the bitter middle Passage to the sugar plantations of the Caribbean, back to the racially divided America of today. In the course of her journey, Brown discovers that the North, not just the South, was massively complicit in slavery – slave labor was the foundation of the entire nation’s economy.  Today, the majority of whites see themselves as not prejudiced, yet institutional inequities persist, as do gaps in comfort and trust between the races.  The fearless film asks each of us to uncover and then help repair the “traces of the trade” that are all around

221 We Were Quiet Once (59 min) - DVD 
Somerset was the picture-perfect small town, where life embodied a quiet, pleasant innocence - until September 11, 2001. United Flight 93 crashed in its sheltered countryside, claiming 40 innocent lives and forever changing the people on the ground. What lasting effects does a history-changing event have on a small town? How do those who have lived in anonymity for their entire lives deal with international attention? How do people memorialize a tragedy without perpetuating grief? Grief connected a small community with a nation. For many, that bond has sealed a sense of patriotism and delivered a positive response to a terrible tragedy; for others, it has chained them from moving forward. We Were Quiet Once follows three locals - Father Al, Terry Butler and Rick Flick - as they prepare for the 10th anniversary of 9/11  

222  The Last Just Man (1:11) - DVD 
The world was horrified when nearly a million people were killed in 100 days during Rwanda's 1994 civil war. Assigned to the country only months before the madness erupted, UN commander General Romeo Dallaire found that, despite his best efforts, he was unable to curtail the mass slaughter. In Steven Silver's award-winning documentary, a haunted Dallaire relates his personal account of one of the 20th century's worst cases of genocide and explains how politics and timidity conspired to prevent the UN from keeping the peace

223 Loot: The Plundered Heritage (26 min) -  DVD
This brief, jolting film shows the hidden cost to the heritage of Latin American peoples caused by the trade in Pre-Columbian art by western museums and collectors. Archaeologists Arlen and Diane Chase show how the damage to archaeological sites done by looting belies claims that collecting ancient art helps preserve the past. They show the remains of looted tombs at the site of Caracol, Belize, and document the important information about the Maya past destroyed by looters. The film achieves balance by offering divergent perspectives on the topic, providing a forum for art dealers and collectors as well as documenting the perspectives of museum curators and government ministers assigned to protect culture. Designed for students in courses in archaeology, heritage, museology and art history, this video graphically shows the critical link between the beautiful objects in museums and on collectors’ shelves and the destruction of heritage

224 Women the Toolmaker: Hideworking and Stone Tool Use in Konso, Ethiopia (27 min) - DVD 
Woman the Toolmaker portrays the remarkable lives of a group of Konso hide workers from southern Ethiopia who may be the last people in the world to make and use flaked stone tools regularly. . Unlike the “Man the Toolmaker” stereotype, most Konso hide workers are women who a learn their skills from female relatives. The ethnoarchaeological film shows the complete life cycle of making and using flaked stone artifacts, including scraping hides to produce soft leather products for bedding, bags, drums and even ritual clothing, and the processes of collecting, working, heat-treating, resharpening, recycling, and discarding stone scrapers.  It places stone tool making and hide working in their social and economic contexts, highlighting the importance of women’s roles in past and present societies. Woman the Toolmaker  is a uniques addition to undergraduate and graduate courses in anthropology, archaeology, and women’s studies, including material culture, technology, methods, and ethnography.  

225 In Whose Honor? American Indian Mascots In Sports (46 min) - DVD
Washington Redskins, Cleveland Indians, Atlanta Braves - Indian mascots and nicknames have historically been first draft picks in American sports. But for Charlene Teters, a Spokane Indian, transplanting cultural rituals onto the field is a symbol of disrespect. Jay Rosenstein follows Teters' evolution from mother and student into a leading voice against the merchandising of Native American symbols - and shows the lengths fans will go to preserve their mascots.

226 Sacrifice: The Story of Child Prostitutes from Burma (50 min) - DVD
Each year thousands of young girls are recruited from rural Burmese villages to work in the sex industry in neighboring Thailand. Held for years in debt bondage in illegal Thai brothels, they suffer extreme abuse by pimps, clients, and the police. Examines the social, cultural, and economic forces at work in the trafficking of Burmese girls into prostitution in Thailand. It is the story of the valuation and sale of human beings, and the efforts of teenage girls to survive a personal crisis born of economic and political repression

227 Emmett Till/ Bayard Rustin (53 min) - DVD
In August 1955, a fourteen-year-old black boy whistled at a white woman in a grocery store in Money, Mississippi. Emmett Till, a teen from Chicago, didn't understand that he had broken the unwritten laws of the Jim Crow South until three days later, when two white men dragged him from his bed in the dead of night, beat him brutally and then shot him in the head. Although his killers were arrested and charged with murder, they were both acquitted quickly by an all-white, all-male jury. Shortly afterwards, the defendants sold their story, including a detailed account of how they murdered Till, to a journalist. The murder and the trial horrified the nation and the world. Till's death was a spark that helped mobilize the civil rights movement. Three months after his body was pulled from the Tallahatchie River, the Montgomery bus boycott began

228 Pompeii: The Mystery of the People Frozen In Time  (49 min) - DVD 
When Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD, the bodies of the people of Pompeii were perfectly preserved in their final moments. Using 21st century forensics, this film reveals for the first time the unique set of circumstances that led to this remarkable preservation. Leading volcanologists, archaeologists, and forensic scientists piece together this incredible mystery. The program reveals who the victims were and why they were caught in such life-like poses, apparently not trying to escape. Stunning CGI shows the incredible power of the Vesuvius eruption and for the first time, the faces of the victims are revealed using facial reconstruction techniques.

229 Tales from the Organ Trade (56 min) - DVD
Every year, tens of thousands of human organ transplants are performed around the globe. Most transplanted kidneys come from cadavers or relatives of the patient. But demand for this organ far exceeds the supply. So thousands are bought and sold on a flourishing black market. The Tales From The Organ Trade is a gritty and unflinching descent into the shadowy world of black-market organ trafficking: the street-level brokers, the rogue surgeons, the impoverished man and women who are willing to sacrifice a slice of their own bodies for a quick payday, and the desperate patients who face the agonizing choice of obeying the law of saving their lives. With unprecedented access to all the players-the buyers, sellers, surgeons and brokers-the film explores the legal, moral and ethical issues involved in this life and death drama. This is not a black and white story of exploitation but rather a nuanced and complex tale of survival for both the buyers and sellers. This is a world where the villains often save lives, while all too often a helpless medical establishment watches people die. Shot over 3 years in 8 countries across 3 continents, Tales From The Organ Trade goes beyond the apocryphal stories of the black market organ trade to convey the complexity of the kidney market and the myriad pressures that feed it. 

230 Language Maters ( 2:00) - DVD 
Language Matters is a two hour documentary that asks: What do we lose when a language dies? What does it take to save a language? Language Matters was filmed around the world: on a remote island off the coast of Australia, where 400 Aboriginal people speak 10 different languages, all at risk; in Wales, where Welsh, once in danger, is today making a comeback; and in Hawaii, where a group of Hawaiian activists are fighting to save their native tongue.

231 Tubabs In Africa (57 min) - DVD 
Tubab means Foreigner-someone from outside of Africa. Tubabs In Africa is the story of a small group of American college students who spend a summer in Gambia, West Africa. After two weeks of language and cultural training near the Gambian capital Banjul, the students head up country. The trip gets serious when they reach the small village of Bajakunda at the far eastern end of the country. No tourist hotels, no restaurants, no electricity, no running water, the students come face to face with the stark realities of rural life in a developing country. Upon their return to the capital region, they each undertake a research project. Andrew goes far out into the Atlantic in a wooden pirogue with local fisherman; Summer assists midwives; Anne hauls water barefoot in the women’s garden. Tubabs In Africa documents their inspiring, amazing, and at times hilarious voyage of discovery. 

232  Return to Belaye: A Rite of Passage (1:19) - DVD 
Documentarian Amy Flannery goes back to her husband Papis Goudiaby’s West African village to record his rite of passage into manhood, Flannery captures this obscure ritual and tells her feelings as the wife of an initiate. A week of intense celebration leads up to the initiates’ grand entrance into the Sacred Forest. Harkening back to ancient warrior traditions, the men slash their bodies with knives, and fire off cannons. Wearing ceremonial costumes the villagers of Belaye are immersed in a traditional frenzy of singing, dancing, and drumming. 

233  The Women's Bank of Bangladesh (47 min) - DVD
More than 100 million people live below poverty level in Bangladesh – many of them women. Thanks to the Grameen Bank and the small-business loans it makes to women only, many of them and their families are beginning to prosper. This program describes the philosophy, development, and function of the bank, then follows the daily activities of three women who have taken out the loans to fund their cottage industries. We follow the women to bank-sponsored support groups and business classes, and watch as they sign their names and receive their loans. “Allah is going to punish anybody involved in the Grameen Bank!” shouts one Islamic leader, who, along with most males, opposes the loans as being contrary to Islamic law. But bank founder and economics professor Muhammad Yunus defends the bank’s policies, stating that women in the region are more competitive in business than men. The Grameen Bank model has been copied in more than 40 countries throughout the world. 

234 Village Women of Bangladesh DVD
An intimate glimpse of the lives of women as seen through their work during the rice harvest in a traditional village north of Dhaka, Bangladesh. After the field work of planting and harvesting, work done by the men, women clean, parboil, dry and husk the grain, creating the end product, rice for income and food. 

235 Quest For the Lost Tribes (1:40) - DVD 
Take a trip to the Middle East and Africa to learn the history of the lost tribes of Israel. Learn what will occur when the tribes return to their ancient lands and judgement day arrives

236 Warrior Island Fayu: Truce Among the Warriors (52 min) - DVD
Explore the world of the Fayu, who live in the thick jungles of Irian Jaya in Eastern Indonesia. Learn about their reputation as a fierce warrior tribe and find out what has preserved their tribal lifestyle for thousands of years.

237  Yanomami: From Machetes to Mobile Phones (56 min) - DVD 
The Yanomami Indians, living in the Amazon highland jungle crossing Venezuela and Brazil, are one of the last large relatively unacculturated indigenous groups left in the world. Increasing contacts with the outside world, especially over the last 50 years, have dramatically impacted the Yanomami. In November 2000, just before the Venezuelan government closed protected Yanomami lands to outsiders, filmmakers Cliff Orloff and Olga Shalygin documented the lives of a small group of Yanomami Indians living along the banks of the Siapa and Casiquiare Rivers. Ten years later the filmmakers return to that same village to document the changes they observe. Through Macarino, who they first met as a small child 10 years earlier, they gain access to the daily lives of these families. Now a young man and son of the village headman, Macarino is our guide into the ways of this group of Yanomami today. As the outside world encroaches more and more into Yanomami lands, the tension between these two worlds is revealed. The desire to retain their customs and traditions becomes difficult to reconcile with their attraction to the material goods of the modern world. The Yanomami are one of man’s last links to our ancient, semi-nomadic, hunter-gatherer history. When the Yanomami are integrated into modern society, the world will lose a rich cultural tradition originating with our earliest ancestors

238 Hilltribe Memories 1987-2011 (46 min) - DVD 
What happens to the people in very traditional, very remote villages when cross-country motorbikes, satellite dishes and mobile phones arrive? This documentary explores that question with visits over a 25 year period to remote Hmong and Akha villages in the Golden Triangle region of Southeast Asia. The traditional lifestyle associated with subsistence farming in these remote villages evolved over hundreds of years. That lifestyle is undergoing rapid change, with all ramifications involved. The strong identities of these Hilltribe cultures are rooted in history and language (and attached by myth and memory) to their particular village and region. Threats to their culture are threats to their unique perspectives on life. These subsistence farming communities are not just about how people produce their food. They are about how they live their lives: marriage practices, how the social hierarchy of villages is structured and social norms are maintained, how clothes they make and wear are part of their identity, how culture is embodied in language among people who may not be able to read or write, and much more. Order of magnitude improvements in transportation and communications are transforming these communities in a whirlwind of change over a few decades. After an introduction to the people of the Golden triangle, we present some short stories about Akha and Hmong individuals who are in the midst of these dramatic changes.

239 Our Spirits Don't Speak English: Indian Boarding School (1:20) - DVD 
Imagine you are a child, taken from your home, your family, taken from everything you know. In 1869 the U.S. government enacted a policy of educating Native American children in the western society. By the late 1960’s more than 100,000 had been forced to attend Indian Boarding School. 

240 Forgotten World (52) Forgotten Word (52) - DVD 
Snaking North through eastern South Africa, Mpumalanga Escarpment is dotted by mysterious stone structures--stone lined roads, terraces, and the nested circular patters--left behind by a now-vanished civilization. Forgotten World features an interdisciplinary team of researchers who have devoted more than a decade to uncovering the truth about these stone walls--discovering they were built by a people known as the Bakoni, who moved into the area from the south and thrived from 1500-1820. To piece together their story, historian Peter Delius pored though hundreds of oral histories collected by 19th century German missionaries. Archaeologist Tim Maggs spent countless hours on the land, studying settlement patterns, which differ greatly from European-style grids by conforming to the local landscape. Using mapping techniques and satellite imagery, geographer Mats Widgren determined the location of settlements and how people use the land for an innovative form of intensive agriculture. And Archaeologist Alex Schoeman's digs in the Komati Gorge are have led to a greater understanding of local social structure and agricultural practices, and counters the colonial idea of a timeless and unchanging tribal Africa. Forgotten World details how the Bakoni built with new materials, organized a new social structure, and created techniques that allowed them to ingeniously farm both livestock and crops. "If we look at the history of Bakoni what we see is a fascinating story of agricultural innovation," says Peter Delius. "These communities are about change, not static tribal systems"

241 Waiting for John (56 min) DVD
Waiting for John explores this extraordinary religion from the perspective of the last village of believers, as they struggle to preserve their way of live in the modern world. In the process this film asks, where do our prophets come from? And what makes people believe? 

242 Out of the Past 5: Power, Prestige and wealth (58 min) DVD
Researchers examine how powerful groups or individuals have managed to control vast areas of land from ancient times to the present day. The different methods archaeologists use to study how rulers gain and keep power are examined. Part of the "Out of the Past" series.

243. America's Stone Age Explorers: Where did the First Americans Come From? (60 min) DVD
Who were the first Americans and where did they come from? The conventional view is that they arrived her around 13,500 years ago, but startling new archaeological discoveries suggest it may have been long before that. And experts are testing contentious theories regarding how they got here, including the idea of a dangerous canoe-born voyage from Asia down the west coast of the Americas, or even the Atlantic from Europe. 

244. Born into Brothels (1h 23m) DVD
Born into Brothels is a portrait of several unforgettable children who live in Calcutta's red light district, where their mothers work as prostitutes. 

245. Food, Inc. (1h 34m) DVD
Food, Inc. lifts the veil on the food industry, exposing how our food supply is now controlled by a handful of corporations that often put profit ahead of consumer health, the livelihood of the farmer, the safety of workers and our own environment. 

246.There'll Always Be Stars in the Sky  (54 min) DVD
Imagine films with the scale of classic Hollywood Busby Berkeley musicals, the action of James Bond thrillers, and the epic style of spaghetti Westerns. Indian filmiare this and more; the Indian film industry is the new Hollywood. 750 feature films a year! 100,000,000 viewers per week! 600 movie magazines! Casts of thousands; orchestras of hundreds! Astonishing sound tracts mixing classical music, folk music, Western pop, reggae and everything else under the sun! THERE WILL ALWAYS BE STARS IN THE SKY takes you behind the scenes of India's Hollywood to meet start actors (Rahi Kapoor), start singers (Lata Mangeshkar), top musical directors (Kalyanji Anandji) and others in recording sessions, on shooting sets, in posh residences and in the teeming streets.

247.  The Secret Mecca (54 min) DVD
The pilgrimage to Mecca, one of the five tenets of Islam, attracts three million worshipers to that holy site annually. This program traces the progress of a group of pilgrims privileged to follow in the footsteps of God’s prophet, Mohammed. Sharing their beliefs, their feelings, and a strong sense of camaraderie, they spend 15 days traveling from Jedda, their entryway into Saudi Arabia, to Medina, Mecca, Mount Arafat, and Mina. A thorough background on Mohammed and his teachings is provided as well. The program is a valuable source of firsthand information, offering a behind-the-scenes visit to a sacred Muslim shrine that is not open to tourists.

248. The Miracle of Life (60 min) DVD
Each minute, all over the world, a baby is born. an everyday occurrence, yet each birth is the culmination of one of nature's most complex, mysterious, and seemingly miraculous process. A dramatic breakthrough in science and cinematography, The Miracle of Life, takes you through the human body as a new life begins. A spectacular look at microscopic world of beautiful colors and forms  deep inside ourselves. See the egg as it is released by the ovary and follow the sperm from its early development through ejaculation and then on its perilous journey toward the egg. With magnification of up to half a million times the actual size, you can see exactly what happens at the moment of conception. After the sperm fertilizes the egg, the camera follows the development of the single new cell into an embryo, then fetus, until finally, a baby is born. Never before has the extraordinary process been filmed!