Income Security Policy Paper No. 9

Transitions Between Child Care Arrangements for German Pre-Schoolers

Jan Ondrich and C. Katharina Spiess

April 1995

Abstract:  This study uses a descriptive statistical approach to analyze the dynamics of child care for German pre-schoolers of all ages. Age-specific and duration-specific hazard rates for leaving informal care and for leaving formal care are calculated for various risk groups. Differences in the hazard rates across risk groups indicate the presence of important factors affecting transitions. The factors that we examine relate to household characteristics, the employment status of the mother, and regional supply. We find strong support for the hypotheses that households with fewer pre-schoolers and working mothers have greater demand for pre-school formal care. This demand also appears to be supply driven. The hazard rates of subsequent children does not differ significantly from those of the first child.

The authors are respectively, Associate Professor of Economics and Senior Research Associate, Center for Policy Research, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, and doctoral student, Department for Social Science, Ruhr Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany. The second author gratefully acknowledges financial support by the National German Science Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) (Grant No. Wa 547/2-1). This work was completed while the second author was a visiting research assistant at the Center for Policy Research, Syracuse University.

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