Research Assistant Professor, Economics Department
Senior Research Associate, Center for Policy Research
ECN 437.001 Environmental and Resource Economics
ECN 610.005 Environmental and Resource Economics (MA and non-ECN PhD)
Highest degree earned
Ph.D., The University of Arizona, 2007
Carmen Carrión-Flores is a research assistant professor of economics in the Maxwell School’s Department of Economics and a senior research associate in the Center for Policy Research. Carrión-Flores is an environmental and regional economist whose research interests are in land use economics, energy efficiency, air pollution and migration. She uses spatial and dynamic econometric models to answer questions that are relevant for policy analysis.
Carrión-Flores’ main focus of her research is to tackle relevant policy questions (e.g., pollution reduction, land use change, migration, and energy use) based on theoretical foundations using state of the art econometric methodologies. Her research extensively uses empirical data to support economic analysis and obtain relevant policy recommendations. A critical aspect of environmental and natural resources issues and policies is that they demand a multidisciplinary approach. The “environment” is a complex and multidimensional issue that overlaps numerous disciplines. Hence, Carrión-Flores continually searches for new insights on new conceptual and methodological grounds to keep building the field of environmental and natural resources economics.
Motivated by this notion, Carrión-Flores explores the short-term effect of policy on the incentives for allocating productive resources (i.e. the adoption of cleaner and safer strategies and practices) while considering long-term effects of policy, such as the development of new technologies. For example, developing new technologies as a result of a response to environmental policy, could, in turn, reduce future air emissions. However, the quick development of new technology could stall long-term environmental R&D investments. If we expect that there is a short-term effect between policy and economic resources that can change judgments about net benefits of environmental policy, we also need to contemplate the long-term effects of environmental policy. This strategy, if successful, is consistent with the aim of finding new solutions to the problems we face today (e.g., climate change).
Her current projects include the analysis of different effects of environmental, natural resources, energy and labor policies on different outcomes, and their mechanisms. For instance, her research on Energy Star® lies at the interplay between economics and engineering. Engineers have continually pushed our technological boundaries to deliver energy efficient appliances and houses. In controlled trials, those appliances and houses exhibit substantial energy savings. However, from a holistic point of view, the effectiveness of those technologies and related policies (e.g., ENERGY STAR©) should consider any economic or behavioral responses by the end consumers.
Her work has been published in a variety of disciplinary and interdisciplinary academic journals, including the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Ecological Economics, Regional Science and Urban Economics, and the IZA Journal of Development and Migration.
Carrión-Flores has held faculty appointments at the State University of New York at Binghamton and the University of Florida. She received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Arizona in 2007.
Carrión-Flores, Carmen, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes and Ledia Guci (2018) “An Estimator for Discrete-Choice Models with Spatial Lag Dependence Using Large Samples, with an Application to Land-Use Conversions.” Regional Science and Urban Economics, 69(2):77-93.
Li, Huan and Carmen Carrión-Flores (2017). “An Analysis of the ENERGY STAR Program in Alachua County, Florida.” Ecological Economics, 131(1):98-108.
Bruegge, Chris, Carmen Carrión-Flores and Jaren C. Pope (2016). “Does the Housing Market Value Energy Efficient Homes? Evidence from the Energy Star Program.” Regional Science and Urban Economics, 57(2): 63-76.
Carrión-Flores, Carmen, Robert Innes and Abdoul G. Sam (2013) “Do Voluntary Pollution Reduction Programs (VPRs) Spur or Deter Environmental Innovation? Evidence from 33/50.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 66(3): 444-459.
Carrión-Flores, Carmen and Robert Innes (2010). “Environmental innovation and environmental performance.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 59(1): 27-42.