Professor Emeritus, History
Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1967
American diplomatic history, Revolutionary War
"American Community in Paris," Consortium on Revolutionary Europe Proceeding,1982 (Athens, 1984).
"The American Revolution" (1983). Richard Burns, ed., Guide to American Foreign Relations Since 1700 (Santa Barbara, 1983).
"Americans Celebrate the Birth of the Dauphin" Ronald Hoffman, ed., Diplomacy and Revolution (Charlottesville, 1981).
The XYZ Affair (Westport, 1980) editor, The Papers of John Marshall, Vol. III (Chapel Hill, 1979).
Republicanism and World Diplomacy (Baltimore, 1978).
"The Diplomacy of the WXYZ Affair," William and Mary Quarterly (1977).
"L'Alliance Franco-Americaine apres l'Independance," Jean de Viguerie, ed., Le Regne de Louis XVI et la Guerre d'Independance americaine (Dourgne, 1977).
"John Adams and the Model Treaty," Larence Kaplan, ed., The American Revolution and 'A Candid World' (Kent, 1977).
"A Neglected Memoir by Talleyrand on French-American Relations," 1792-1797, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1976.
"Talleyrand and the American Negotiations of 1797-1798," Journal of American History, (1975).
"A Note on Silas Deane's Death," William and Mary Quarterly, 1975.
The American Revolution and the French Alliance (Syracuse, 1969). (Winner, Gilbert Chinard Prize).
United States and the Treaty of Paris (Princeton University Press).
Professor, Syracuse University, 1979-present
Associate Professor, Syracuse University, 1971-78
Assistant Professor, Syracuse University, 1967-71
United States History
Research Grants and Awards
American Philosophical Society and Syracuse University, International Relations Program for Research in Paris, 1968
Syracuse International Relations Program research in Clements Library, 1969
American Philosophical Society for Research in Paris, 1971
National Endowment for the Humanities research on film script, 1972
Syracuse University Faculty Research Grant, 1977
American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship, 1978-79