[This document refers to the 2018 Institute for Qualitative and Multi-Method Inquiry. The 2019 version will be posted as soon as it is available.]  

Andrew Bennett is Professor in the Department of Government at Georgetown University. He teaches courses on the American foreign policy process, international relations theory, and qualitative research methods. He has been a fellow at arms control and international relations research centers at Stanford and Harvard Universities, and he has written on the U.S. foreign policy process, research methods, alliance burden‐sharing, and regional conflicts and peacekeeping. Professor Bennett is the author of Condemned to Repetition? The Rise, Fall, and Reprise of Soviet‐Russian Military Interventionism 1973‐1996 (MIT Press, 1999). He is, with Alexander George, the co‐author of Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences (MIT Press, 2005). From 1994‐1995, as a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, he was Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Joseph S. Nye Jr. His op‐eds have appeared in the New York Times and the Christian Science Monitor, and he has appeared on National Public Radio, CNN, and Fox News.

Thomas Dodman is Assistant Professor in the department of French and the College at Columbia University. He is the author of What Nostalgia Was: War, Empire and the Time of a Deadly Emotion (Chicago, 2018) and is currently co‐editing Une Histoire de la guerre for the Éditions du Seuil (forthcoming in 2018). A cultural and intellectual historian of modern France and its empire, Dr. Dodman received his PhD from the University of Chicago in 2011. He previously taught at Boston College and was a Mellon Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.

Thad Dunning is Robson Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. He studies comparative politics, political economy, and methodology, and his current work on ethnic and other cleavages draws on field and natural experiments and qualitative fieldwork in Latin America, India, and Africa. Dunning has written on several methodological topics, including the role of multi‐method research. His book Natural Experiments in the Social Sciences: A Design‐Based Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2012) discusses the discovery, analysis, and evaluation of strong research designs. He is also the author, with Susan C. Stokes, Marcelo Nazareno, and Valeria Brusco, of Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism: The Puzzle of Distributive Politics (Cambridge University Press, 2013). His research has been published in the American Political Science Review, Comparative Political Studies, International Organization, The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Political Analysis, Studies in Comparative International Development, and other journals. Dunning's first book, Crude Democracy: Natural Resource Wealth and Political Regimes (2008, Cambridge University Press), contrasts the democratic and authoritarian effects of natural resource wealth and won the Best Book Award from the Comparative Democratization section of APSA. He received a Ph.D. degree in political science and an M.A. degree in economics from the University of California, Berkeley (2006).

Colin Elman is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for Qualitative and Multi‐Method Inquiry in the Maxwell School, Syracuse University. He is a co‐founder of both the International History and Politics and the Qualitative and Multi‐method Research organized sections of the American Political Science Association, and co‐director of the annual summer Institute for Qualitative and Multi‐Method Research. He leads (with Diana Kapiszewski, Georgetown University) the Qualitative Data Repository. He is series co‐editor (with John Gerring, Boston University and James Mahoney, Northwestern University) of the Cambridge University Press Strategies for Social Inquiry book series, and (with Diana Kapiszewski and James Mahoney) the new Methods for Social Inquiry book series. Elman co‐chaired (with Arthur Lupia, University of Michigan) the American Political Science Association’s committee on Data Access and Research Transparency (DA‐RT). Elman is (with Miriam Fendius Elman) the co‐editor of Progress in International Relations Theory: Appraising the Field (MIT Press); and Bridges and Boundaries: Historians, Political Scientists, and the Study of International Relations (MIT Press); (with John Vasquez) of Realism and the Balancing of Power: A New Debate (Prentice Hall); and (with Michael Jensen) of the Realism Reader (Routledge). Elman has published articles in the American Political Science Review, the Annual Review of Political Science, Comparative Political Studies, the International History Review, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Millennium, Perspectives, Political Science & Politics, Sociological Methods & Research, and Security Studies.

Tasha Fairfield is Associate Professor at the London School of Economics. She holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of California, Berkeley, an M.A. in Latin American Studies and an M.S. in physics from Stanford University, and an A.B. in physics, summa cum laude, from Harvard. Her research on comparative political economy and inequality has been supported by the Social Science Research Council, Fulbright‐Hays, and the International Centre for Tax and Development. Her book, Private Wealth and Public Revenue in Latin America: Business Power and Tax Politics (CUP 2015) won the Latin American Studies Association 2016 Donna Lee Van Cott Award for the best book on political institutions.  Her methodology articles include “Explicit Bayesian Analysis for Process Tracing: Guidelines, Opportunities, and Caveats” (Political Analysis 2017, with Andrew Charman), which won APSA’s 2017 QMMR Sage Best Paper Award. She is a 2017‐18 Mellon Foundation Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences (CASBS) at Stanford University, where she has been working on a book project (with Andrew Charman), Social Inquiry and Bayesian Inference: Rethinking Qualitative Research.

Gary Goertz is professor of Political Science at the Kroc Center for International Peace Studies at Notre Dame University. He is the author or editor of nine books and over 50 articles and chapters on topics of international institutions, methodology, and conflict studies, His work on international relations includes Contexts of International Politics (1994), War and Peace in International Rivalry (2000), International Norms and Decision Making: A Punctuated Equilibrium Model (2003) and The Puzzle of Peace: Explaining the Rise of Peace in the International System (2016). His methodological research focuses on concepts and measurement along with set theoretic approaches, including Social Science Concepts: A User's Guide (2006 Princeton University Press), Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals, (2007 with Jack Levy), Politics, Gender, and Concepts: Theory and Methodology (2008), A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences (2012 with Jim Mahoney), and Multimethod Research, Causal Mechanisms, and Case Studies: The Research Triad (2017).

James Goldgeier is a Professor in the School of International Service at American University, where he served as dean from 2011‐17, and is past president of the Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs (APSIA). Previously, he was a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University. He also taught at Cornell University, and has held a number of public policy appointments, including Director for Russian, Ukrainian and Eurasian Affairs on the National Security Council Staff, Whitney Shepardson Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, Henry A. Kissinger Chair at the Library of Congress, and Edward Teller National Fellow at the Hoover Institution. In addition, he has held appointments at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Brookings Institution, and the Center for International Security and Cooperation. From 2001‐2005, he directed George Washington University’s Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies. He has authored or co‐ authored four books including: America Between the Wars: From 11/9 to 9/11 (co‐authored with Derek Chollet); Power and Purpose: U.S. Policy toward Russia after the Cold War (co‐ authored with Michael McFaul); and Not Whether But When: The U.S. Decision to Enlarge NATO. He is the recipient of the Edgar S. Furniss book award in national and international security and co‐recipient of the Georgetown University Lepgold Book Prize in international relations. He co‐directs the Bridging the Gap project, which fosters theoretically grounded policy‐relevant research, and he is co‐editor of the Bridging the Gap book series with Oxford University Press.

Daragh Grant is a Lecturer on Social Studies at Harvard University. He received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Chicago in 2012. He is currently completing a book manuscript, tentatively titled Experiments in Order: Sovereignty, Jurisdiction, and State Formation in Early America, 1600‐1740, which focuses on the establishment of English settler colonies in North America in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, bringing together his research interests in state formation and colonialism. Daragh conducted over two years of archival and primary research for his dissertation and continues to return to the archives as he prepares his book manuscript for publication. His work has been published in Comparative Studies in Society and History and the William and Mary Quarterly.

F. Daniel Hidalgo is an Associate Professor in the MIT Department of Political Science. His research focuses on political institutions and elections in the developing world and causal inference in the social sciences. His current empirical research is on the electoral legacies of authoritarian regimes, the effects of fraud‐reducing electoral reforms, and information and political accountability in Brazil’s northeast region. He has published research in the American Journal of Political Science, Journal of Politics, Comparative Political Studies, Review of Economics and Statistics, and other journals. He received a Ph.D. degree in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley in 2012.

Alan M. Jacobs is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia specializing in comparative political economy and public policy, political behavior, and methodology. He is the author of Governing for the Long Term: Democracy and the Politics of Investment (Cambridge U. Press, 2011), recipient of the APSA’s Gregory Luebbert Award for the Best Book in Comparative Politics, the APSA’s Giovanni Sartori Award for the Best Book Developing or Applying Qualitative Methods, and the IPSA’s Charles H. Levine Prize for the Best Book in Comparative Policy and Administration. His research has also appeared in the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Journal of Politics, Comparative Political Studies, the Annual Review of Political Science, and other venues. With Macartan Humphreys, he is currently completing a book, Integrated Inferences, that examines how process tracing and mixed‐method causal inference can be grounded in causal models. His ongoing substantive research examines citizens’ attitudes towards policy tradeoffs over time and the interaction between economic inequality and democratic accountability. Jacobs is, with Tim Büthe, outgoing co‐editor of Qualitative and Multi‐Method Research and co‐chair of the Steering Committee of the Qualitative Transparency Deliberations, both sponsored by the APSA’s Qualitative and Multi‐Method Research section. In 2017, he was co‐recipient of the QMMR section’s David Collier Mid‐Career Achievement Award.

Diana Kapiszewski is Associate Professor of Government at Georgetown University. Her research interests include public law, comparative politics, and research methods. Her book High Courts and Economic Governance in Argentina and Brazil (Cambridge University Press, 2012) received the APSA Law and Courts Section's C. Herman Pritchett Award. She has also co‐ edited Consequential Courts: Judicial Roles in Global Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2013), Beyond High Courts: The Justice Complex in Latin America (University of Notre Dame Press, forthcoming 2018), and Concepts, Data, and Methods in Comparative Law and Politics (Cambridge University Press, under final contract). Her ongoing research includes projects examining "constitutionalism with adjectives," institutions of electoral governance in Latin America, and informal workers' use of legal strategies in the Global South. In the area of research methods, Kapiszewski co‐directs the Qualitative Data Repository and co‐edits the Cambridge University Press Methods for Social Inquiry book series. She co‐authored Field Research in Political Science: Practices and Principles (Cambridge University Press, 2015), is co‐ authoring Managing Qualitative Data in the Social Sciences, and in 2013 was awarded the APSA Qualitative and Multi‐Method Research section's Mid‐Career Achievement Award. Her work has appeared in Latin American Politics and Society, Law and Social Inquiry, Law & Society Review, Perspectives on Politics, and PS: Political Science and Politics.

Sebastian Karcher is associate director of the Qualitative Data Repository (www.qdr.org). His main interests are the integration of good data practices into the scholarly workflow. A contributor to the Zotero reference manager and the Citation Style Language, he is an advocate for tools that aid scholars in these processes. He also works closely with groups such as DataCite and Force11 on the implementation of data citation standards. Karcher holds a PhD in Political Science from Northwestern University. His work in political science focuses on the political economy of business and labor as well as measurement and conceptualization. For his dissertation he conducted extensive fieldwork in Argentina and Germany (and he regrets not having better guidelines on sharing potentially sensitive data before conducting his work). His work has appeared in journals including International Studies Quarterly and Socio‐Economic Review.

Dessislava (Dessi) Kirilova is a fellow and consultant at the Qualitative Data Repository (www.qdr.org), hosted by the Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs at Syracuse University’s Maxwell School. In that capacity, she has assisted in shaping the repository’s policies, acquisitions outreach, curatorial support for depositors (including in dealing with human participants and copyright constraints), and the processing and publication of all commissioned pilot projects. Her related interests are in educating social science researchers in good data practices, starting in the research planning stages. She is also a PhD candidate in Political Science at Yale University. Her substantive work in the discipline focuses on post‐communist foreign policies, European integration and the processes that lead to national identity formation, as well as elite interviewing and archival historical approaches. For her dissertation she engaged in both methods during extensive fieldwork in Bulgaria, Lithuania and Poland, as well as in various EU institutions in Brussels, Belgium.

Marcus Kreuzer is Professor of Political Science at Villanova University. He was worked on the origins of European and post‐communist party systems as well as qualitative methodology. His first book was Institutions and Innovation: Voters, Parties, and Interest Groups in the Consolidation of Democracy – France and Germany 1870‐1939 (Michigan 2001) and he is currently writing a book on comparative historical analysis. His articles have dealt with path dependency, conceptions of time, historical exceptionalism, conceptualizations of historical change, and proper use of historical evidence, and the nature of historical description. They have appeared in the American Political Science Review, World Politics, British Journal of Political Science, Comparative Politics, Central European History, and Perspectives on Politics.

Jenn Larson is an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Vanderbilt University. She received her Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University in 2012, and her

B.A. in both mathematics and political science from Creighton University in 2006. Her research explores how and why social networks affect political behavior in order to explain outcomes such as protests, civil conflict, and informal governance. Her theoretical work uses game theory and agent‐based models to isolate the importance of networks, while her empirical work focuses on collecting new data to understand how social networks spread information and motivate people to act in settings ranging from rural Uganda to urban France. Her work has been published in journals including the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, and the Journal of Politics.

Will Lowe is a Senior Research Specialist in the Department of Politics and Lecturer in Public and International Affairs in the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton. Lowe is a political methodologist specializing in statistical text analysis with applications to international relations, legislative politics, social media, mobilization, and central banking. Before Princeton, Lowe was Senior Researcher at the Mannheim Centre for Social Research (MZES) at the University of Mannheim. Prior to joining MZES he was assistant professor in research methods at Maastricht

University and has held postdoctoral research positions at Trinity College, Dublin, the University of Nottingham, and Harvard University. Some of Lowe's work can be found in Political Analysis, International Organization, and Legislative Studies Quarterly.

Cyanne E. Loyle is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Indiana University, interim director of the Political, Economic, and Legal Institutions and Organizations (PELIO) program at the Ostrom Workshop, and a Global Fellow at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). Loyle’s current research focuses on transitional justice adopted during and after armed conflict. This research includes fieldwork in Rwanda, Uganda, Nepal, Northern Ireland, and Turkey. Her work has been funded by the NSF, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the US Institute of Peace and published in venues such as Conflict Management and Peace Science, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Human Rights, and Journal of Peace Research. Additional information can be found on her website: www.cyanneloyle.com

Lauren M. MacLean is the Arthur F. Bentley Chair and Professor of political science at Indiana University‐Bloomington. MacLean's research interests focus on the politics of state formation, public service provision, and citizenship in Africa and in American Indian/Alaska Native communities in the U.S. She has a book entitled Informal Institutions and Citizenship in Rural Africa: Risk and Reciprocity in Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire (Cambridge University Press, 2010; winner of the APSA 2011 Sartori Book Award; finalist for the ASA Herskovits Award) and an edited volume The Politics of Non‐State Social Welfare in the Global South (Cornell University Press, 2014), with Melani Cammett. She has also published articles in a range of journals including Comparative Political Studies, Comparative Studies in Society and History, Environmental and Resource Economics, the International Journal of Public Administration, the Journal of Development Studies, Journal of Modern African Studies, Studies in Comparative International Development, and World Development. On research methodology, MacLean has co‐authored a book, Field Research in Political Science (Cambridge University Press, 2015), with Diana Kapiszewski and Ben Read. She is the recipient of the 2016 David Collier Mid‐Career Achievement Award and the 2017 Carnegie Fellows award. Her research has been supported by grants, including from the NSF, SSRC, RWJ Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Education.

Asya Magazinnik is a PhD Candidate in the Department of Politics at Princeton University. Her research focuses on the role of state and local democratic institutions in the American policy making process. She has recently worked on the politics of local immigration enforcement, on the effectiveness of local electoral reform in increasing Latino representation on California’s school boards, and on executive influence over state legislatures in education policy. She holds an MPP from the University of Chicago Harris School.

James Mahoney is Gordon Fulcher Professor of Decision‐Making and Professor of Political Science and Sociology at Northwestern University. He is a comparative‐historical researcher with interests in national development, political regimes, and methodology. He is the author of the prize‐winning books, Colonialism and Postcolonial Development: Spanish America in Comparative Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and The Legacies of Liberalism: Path Dependence and Political Regimes in Central America (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001). His other books include Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (coedited with Dietrich Rueschemeyer; Cambridge University Press, 2003), Explaining Institutional Change: Ambiguity, Agency, and Power (coedited with Kathleen Thelen; Cambridge University Press, 2010), and A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Science (with Gary Goertz; Princeton University Press, 2012). Mahoney has been President or Chair of four different Organized Sections of American Political Science Association and the American Sociological Association. He has been Chair of Sociology at Northwestern, and he is currently on the APSA Council. His most recent book is Advances in Comparative‐Historical Analysis (coedited with Kathleen Thelen, 2015).

Lauren Mattioli is a graduate student in the department of politics at Princeton University. She studies American political institutions with particular emphasis on presidents and federal courts. For the past year she has been a predoctoral fellow in the Institute for Quantitative Theory and Method and instructor of research design, both at Emory University. She will begin work as an Assistant Professor at Boston University this fall.

William Mazzarella is the Neukom Family Professor and Chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Chicago. He is the author of Shoveling Smoke: Advertising and Globalization in Contemporary India (Duke, 2003), Censorium: Cinema and the Open Edge of Mass Publicity (Duke 2013), and The Mana of Mass Society (Chicago, 2017). He is also the editor of K D Katrak: Collected Poems (Poetrywala, 2016) and the co‐editor (with Raminder Kaur) of Censorship in South Asia: Cultural Regulation from Sedition to Seduction (Indiana, 2009).

Andrew Moravcsik is Professor of Politics and Director of the European Union Program at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School. He has authored over 125 scholarly publications, including four books, on European integration, transatlantic relations, international relations, international law, global human rights, and other topics. His analytical history of the European Union, The Choice for Europe, has been called "the most important work in the field" (American Historical Review). He developed and elaborated “active citation,” a system of using digital technology to render qualitative research more transparent. The National Science, Ford, Fulbright, Olin and Krupp Foundations, as well as various universities and institutes, have supported his research. He served as a trade negotiator for the US Government, as special assistant to the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea, as press assistant for the European Commission, as editor of a Washington foreign policy journal, and as a member of various policy commissions. Over 150 of his commentaries and policy analyses have appeared in Foreign Affairs, where he is Book Review Editor (Europe), Newsweek, where he was Contributing Editor, and many other publications. He has been a long‐term visitor at research institutes in the US, France, Italy, Britain, Spain and China. In 2011, Princeton University awarded him the Stanley Kelley Award for Undergraduate Teaching. His reviews and commentary on classical music, particularly opera, have appeared in Financial Times, New York Times, Opera News and elsewhere; he also publishes scholarly research on history, sociology and staging of opera. He holds a BA from Stanford, an MA from Johns Hopkins (SAIS), a PhD from Harvard University, and has studied at German and French universities. He lives in Princeton, NJ, with his wife Anne‐Marie Slaughter, and has two college‐age sons, Michael Edward and Alexander. He is pleased to have been part of the IQMR family since the beginning.

Timothy Pachirat is Assistant Professor in the Department of Politics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. His research and teaching interests include comparative politics, the politics of Southeast Asia, critical animal studies, the sociology of domination and resistance, the political economy of dirty and dangerous work, and interpretive and ethnographic research methods. Pachirat's work has received awards from the American Political Science Association's Section on Qualitative Methods and from the American Political Science Association's Labor Project. He is author of Every Twelve Seconds: Industrialized Slaughter and the Politics of Sight (Yale University Press, 2011), a political ethnography of immigrant labor on the kill floor of an industrialized slaughterhouse that explores how violence that is seen as both essential and repugnant to modern society is organized, disciplined, regulated, and reproduced.

Charles C. Ragin is Chancellor’s Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Irvine. In 2000/1 he was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University, and before that he was Professor of Sociology and Political Science at Northwestern University. His main interests are methodology, political sociology, and comparative‐historical research, with a special focus on such topics as the welfare state, ethnic political mobilization, and social inequality. His books include Handbook of Case‐Based Methods (Sage, with David Byrne), Configurational Comparative Methods: Qualitative Comparative Analysis and Related Techniques (Sage, with Benoit Rihoux), Redesigning Social Inquiry: Fuzzy Sets and Beyond (University of Chicago Press), Fuzzy‐Set Social Science (University of Chicago Press), The Comparative Method: Moving Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies (University of California Press), Issues and Alternatives in Comparative Social Research (E.J. Brill), What is a Case? Exploring the Foundations of Social Research (Cambridge University Press, with Howard S. Becker), Constructing Social Research: The Unity and Diversity of Method (Pine Forge Press/Sage; second edition with Lisa Amoroso), and Intersectional Inequality (University of Chicago Press, with Peer Fiss). He is also the author of more than 200 articles in research journals and edited books, and he has developed a software package for set‐theoretic analysis of social data, Fuzzy‐Set/Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA). He has been awarded the Stein Rokkan Prize by the International Social Science Council, the Donald Campbell Award for Methodological Innovation by the Policy Studies Organization, the Paul Lazarsfeld Award of the American Sociological Association for career contributions to methodology, and honorable mention for the Barrington Moore, Jr. Award, also of the American Sociological Association. He has conducted academic workshops on comparative methodology and set‐theoretic methods in Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, South Korea, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and for diverse audiences in the United States. (See also www.charlesragin.com.)

Jonnell Robinson is an Assistant Professor of Geography and has been the Director of the Syracuse Community Geography Program at Syracuse University since 2005. Her research and teaching interests include community‐based and participatory action research, and specifically Participatory GIS (Geographic Information Systems). Robinson collaborates with grassroots and community‐based organizations to use geographic inquiry to better understand and address social and economic disparities. Robinson is also interested in how and why community‐based organizations use geospatial technologies, as well as the limitations to these approaches, in advancing grassroots action research agendas. She teaches courses in community geography, geographic field methods, and advanced GIS. She received a Ph.D. in Geography (2010) and a Master of Public Health (2003) from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Ingo Rohlfing is Professor for Methods of Comparative Political Research at the Cologne Center for Comparative Politics at the University of Cologne. He is doing research on social science methods with a focus on qualitative methods (case studies and process tracing), Qualitative Comparative Analysis and multimethod research. Substantively, he is working on political parties and party competition. He is teaching BA, MA and PhD courses on these topics and offered multiple workshops and courses at universities across Europe. He is author of the monograph Case Studies and Causal Inference (Palgrave Macmillan) and has published articles in Comparative Political Studies, Sociological Methods & Research, Party Politics and Political Analysis. Since September 2016, he is associate editor of the American Political Science Review.

Elizabeth N. Saunders is Associate Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University. Her research and teaching interests focus on international security and foreign policy. Her book, Leaders at War: How Presidents Shape Military Interventions, was published in 2011 by Cornell University Press in the Cornell Studies in Security Affairs Series and won the 2012 Jervis‐Schroeder Best Book Award from APSA's International History and Politics section. In 2012‐2013, she was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC. She has previously been a postdoctoral fellow at the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University; a visiting scholar at the American Political Science Association's Centennial Center; a Brookings Institution Research Fellow in Foreign Policy Studies; and a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow. Her work has appeared in International Studies Quarterly, International Security, the American Journal of Political Science, and International Studies Review.

Frederic Schaffer is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. His area of specialization is comparative politics with a geographic focus on Southeast Asia and Sub‐Saharan Africa. Substantively, he studies the meaning and practice of democracy across cultures using the tools of ordinary language philosophy and other language‐based interpretive methods. He is author of Elucidating Social Science Concepts: An Interpretivist Guide (2016), The Hidden Costs of Clean Election Reform (2008), and Democracy in Translation: Understanding Politics in an Unfamiliar Culture (1998). He also edited Elections for Sale: The Causes and Consequences of Vote Buying (2007).

Jason Seawright is Associate Professor of Political Science at Northwestern University. Professor Seawright's research interests include comparative politics, with an emphasis on comparative political parties and on political behavior; and methodology, particularly involving multi‐method research designs and issues of causal inference. He is the author of Party‐System Collapse: The Roots of Crisis in Peru and Venezuela. His research has been published in Political Analysis, Perspectives on Politics, Comparative Political Studies, and a range of other journals and edited volumes.

Kaushik Sunder Rajan is Professor of Anthropology and Co‐Director of the Chicago Center for Contemporary Theory at the University of Chicago. Originally trained as a biochemist, Sunder Rajan received his PhD in the History and Social Studies of Science and Technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2002. He works on the global political economy of the life sciences and biomedicine, with a primary empirical focus on the United States and India. His recent book Pharmocracy: Value, Politics and Knowledge in Global Biomedicine (Duke, 2017), explains the structure and operation of the hegemony of the global pharmaceutical industry through case studies from contemporary India. He is also the author of Biocapital: The Constitution of Post‐Genomic Life (Duke, 2006) and editor of Lively Capital: Biotechnologies, Ethics and Governance in Global Markets. Sunder Rajan has taught course on anthropological fieldwork methods for the past decade, and is currently working on a book on multi‐sited ethnography.

David Waldner is Associate Professor in the Department of Politics at the University of Virginia. He teaches courses on research design, qualitative methodology, and comparative politics. His research interests are the political and economic development of the post‐colonial world and qualitative causal inference. He is the author of State Building and Late Development and his two current book projects are Democracy and Dictatorship in the Post‐Colonial World and Causality & Explanation in Political Science. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley.

Lisa Wedeen is the Mary R. Morton Professor of Political Science and the College and the Co‐ Director of the Chicago Center for Contemporary Theory at the University of Chicago. Her publications include Ambiguities of Domination: Politics, Rhetoric, and Symbols in Contemporary Syria (1999); "Conceptualizing 'Culture': Possibilities for Political Science" (2002); "Concepts and Commitments in the Study of Democracy" (2004), Peripheral Visions: Publics, Power and Performance in Yemen (2008), "Ethnography as an Interpretive Enterprise" (2009), "Reflections on Ethnographic Work in Political Science" (2010), and "Ideology and Humor in Dark Times: Notes from Syria" (2013). She is the recipient of the David Collier Mid‐Career Achievement Award and an NSF fellowship. She is currently working on a book about ideology, neoliberal autocracy, and generational change in present‐day Syria.