When and How to Use Focus Groups

Bibliography provided by Jennifer Cyr, Associate Professor in School of Government, University of Arizona.

  • Ayrton, Rachel. 2018. “The Micro-dynamics of Power and Performance in Focus Groups: An Example from Discussions on National Identity with the South Sudanese Diaspora in the UK.” Qualitative Research 19(3): 323-339. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1468794118757102
  • Barbour, Rosaline. 2008. “Analytical Challenges in Focus Group Research.” In Doing Focus Groups. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage (130-144). DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781849208956

  • Barbour, Rosaline. 2008. Practicalities of Planning and Running Focus Groups. In Doing Focus Groups. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage (75-91). DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781849208956 

  • Colucci, Erminia. 2007. “‘Focus Groups can be Fun’: The Use of Activity-Oriented Questions in Focus Groups Discussions.” Qualitative Health Research 17(10): 1422-1433. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1049732307308129

  • Cyr, Jennifer. 2019. "An integrative approach to measurement: focus groups as a survey pretest." Quality & Quantity 53(2): 897-913. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-018-0795-5

  • Cyr, Jennifer. 2019. Focus Groups for the Social Science Researcher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Chapters 1&2 (pp. 1-39).

  • Cyr, Jennifer. 2016. “The Pitfalls and Promise of Focus Groups as a Data Collection Method.” Sociological Methods and Research. 45(2): 231-59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0049124115570065

  • Cyr, Jennifer. 2017. "The unique utility of focus groups for mixed-methods research." PS: Political Science & Politics 50(4): 1038-1042. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S104909651700124X

  • Fern, Edward F. 2001. “Methodological Issues in Focus Group Research: Representativeness, Independence, Degrees of Freedom, and Theory Confirmation.” In Advanced Focus Group Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage (121-148). DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412990028

  • Stewart David W., Prem N. Shamdasani & Dennis W. Rook. 2007. “Focus Groups and the Research Toolbox.” In Focus Groups. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage (37-50). DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412991841