Feeding the Next Generation
Less than an hour’s helicopter flight northwest of the
Haitian capital Port-au-Prince is the town of Anse Rouge, where the coastal
landscape is a patchwork of squares, white mounds and tropical vegetation. Salt
farming is the subsistence livelihood that Haitians eke out here; it is
backbreaking, sweltering labor, whose low pay means it is mainly women doing
the work. The conditions are such that the women are frequently plagued by
health problems caused by dirty water and unsanitary conditions. And, the
hurricanes that regularly blow through often wipe out any meager investments.
By planting trees, building canals, erecting retaining walls
and using improved salt harvesting methods, development experts and aid workers
hope that they can make the effort more sustainable, more profitable and
healthier, particularly for women who toil there.
In the thick of the effort is the World Food Programme
(WFP), the United Nations agency whose work helping to alleviate hunger and
build resilience around the world earned a Nobel Peace Prize late last year.
And one of many of those intimately involved in the program’s work in Haiti
last spring was Meghan Sullivan ’17, a graduate of the Maxwell School’s master
of arts in international relations program.
Speaking from her home in Port-au-Prince in early April,
Sullivan says there’s no way she would be doing what she’s doing if it hadn’t
been for Maxwell. “Maxwell really opened doors for me that wouldn’t have been
opened otherwise,” she says. “I’m from a farming family in rural, Upstate New
York. The U.N. is not a place that I thought I would end up when I was younger.
It’s those relationships that Maxwell had, and the preparation that Maxwell
gave me, that made all of this possible.”
Sullivan, in fact, is one of several alumni who found their
calling—the place to put their Maxwell theories into practice—through the WFP.
Catherine Bertini, professor of practice emeritus, is
largely to thank for that. She headed the WFP for a decade, between 1992 and
2002, serving under presidents George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton and George W.
Bush, and was the U.N.’s undersecretary general in New York for three years
before she joined Maxwell.
“We were thrilled when Catherine Bertini joined the Maxwell
faculty. Her expertise, gained from incredible life experiences, was a
tremendous asset to our students, particularly those who felt a calling to
humanitarian policy and development work,” says David M. Van Slyke, dean of the
“She took a special interest in her students’ success,
pointing several of them toward the World Food Programme for internships,
thereby creating a pipeline between Maxwell and the United Nations that has
launched the careers of several of our alumni.”
A SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP
The photos on Catherine Bertini’s website offer a snapshot
of what it might have been like to lead the World Food Programme. In one, she
pours food into a bowl held by a youngster in Zimbabwe. In another, she walks
hand-in-hand with two children in Rwanda. Other images show her in much
different environs: Sitting, for instance, next to Pope John Paul II during a
1997 meeting, and three years later, shaking hands with then-United Nations
Secretary General Kofi Annan. Still another has her seated at a long table in
the White House, along with President George W. Bush, for a 2001 talk about
It has indeed been a storied career. Bertini was the first U.S.
citizen to head the WFP, and she is credited with helping transform the
agency’s operations with actions that no doubt helped set it on a trajectory
toward last year’s Nobel Peace Prize.
During her tenure, she assisted millions of victims of wars
and natural disasters throughout Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East
and parts of eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.
In recognition of her work, she received the World Food
Prize, known as the “Nobel Prize for Food and Agriculture” in 2003. Rather than
accept the prize money, she established a trust that provides grants to local
organizations around the world that improve access to training and education
for women and girls.
Three years later, when she joined Maxwell, Bertini saw an
opportunity for a symbiotic relationship. While the WFP could benefit from the
support of Maxwell’s graduate students, the students themselves would have yet
another means to gain invaluable experience and fulfill a degree requirement—international
relations students must complete an internship abroad.
Students who attained internships with the WFP say her
support was vital, though Bertini downplays that. “I gave advice to students on
how to get internships,” she says. “They took it from there.”
In one case, a regional director for the WFP asked Bertini
to recommend two interns to help as an influx of Syrian refugees moved into
Jordan. She offered up two top students, Edgar Luce ’12 M.A.I.R. and Ryan Beech
’12. Following those Beech, who received a master of arts in international relations,
was hired by the WFP shortly after his internship.
He worked in Jordan for five years, gained field-level
experience in cash and voucher programming and then moved to the organization’s
headquarters in Rome where he is now a programme and policy officer. He
develops guidance, strategies and learning materials and provides direct support
to field offices.
“While I dreamed of working for institutions like the United
Nations, even in high school, I never thought I would have that opportunity, or
at least I couldn’t see a clear pathway to it,” he says, pointing back to
Maxwell and his former professor, Bertini.
Her legacy can be seen in the organization even at a technical
level, Beech says. At the WFP, Bertini focused on empowering women. “A key part
of our strategy for cash and voucher programming is to give money directly to
women while focusing on their greater financial inclusion, access to financial
products and services and economic empowerment,” he says. “I run into WFP staff
all the time who reflect positively on the period that she served as executive
Back at Maxwell, Bertini also encouraged student Emily
Fredenberg ’16 M.P.A./M.A.I.R. Her internship was part of the United Nations
Network for Scaling Up Nutrition Secretariat, hosted by the WFP in Rome.
As was the case with Beech, it turned into a career.
Before ending up in the Rwandan capital Kigali, where she
has been the WFP’s head of external partnerships and communications for Rwanda
since 2019, Fredenberg first spent several years in Beirut, Lebanon, helping
the organization as it dealt with the influx of refugees fleeing the
devastation of the Syrian Civil War.
In the chaos of human suffering and scale of the efforts by
the WFP and other organizations trying to feed, clothe and shelter people
fleeing Syria, Fredenberg says she couldn’t have managed there if it weren’t
for her Maxwell classes: simulations, for example, that got students to grapple
with real world scenarios in a classroom setting.
“That was one of those moments when we’re responding to a
humanitarian crisis and here I am on the ground, the one doing this thing,
thinking ‘These simulations, this is what actually happens in real life,’” says
PRIDE IN THE PIPELINE
While working in Haiti in late April, Meghan Sullivan received
word of a new opportunity with the United Nations, a post that would bring her
back home to the States and allow her to put more focus on development, an
interest she discovered while studying at Maxwell and working with the World
Sullivan was offered a highly competitive position as
associate programme management officer in the U.N. Secretariat’s Department of
Economic and Social Affairs. In simple terms, the position provides support to
development projects “to enhance the capacities of developing countries” in
priority areas, she explains, adding, “It is the right step for me at the right
time, and I’m excited to be working in international development and to see how
another part of the U.N. system works.”
Bertini, meanwhile, spends some of her time in her hometown
of Homer, New York, while also frequenting Chicago, where she serves as a
distinguished fellow at the Chicago Council on Global Affairs.
She retired from Maxwell four years ago, around the time a
fellow World Food Programme alumnus joined the faculty as a professor of
practice. Masood Hyder joined public administration and international affairs
in 2017 and offers courses on humanitarian action, food security, the U.N. and
development aid, no doubt pulling from his experiences providing aid to places
like Sudan, Bangladesh, North Korea, Iran, Indonesia and Djibouti. “Masood
brings a depth of fi eld experience, human understanding, and a history of
creative and compassionate leadership to his classes,” says Bertini. “We are so
fortunate that the WFP legacy continues on the Maxwell faculty.”
Bertini has maintained the Maxwell connection, continuing to
teach part-time. A signature class: A week-long intersession in which students
get an up-close look at the inner workings of the U.N. in New York City.
This past fall, as the school and the rest of the world grappled
with the fallout from COVID-19, Bertini taught online about the U.N. Though
virtual and remote learning has its drawbacks, she said she was able to
capitalize on the medium by bringing in more outside guest presenters. And she
had her students watch the U.N. General Assembly livestream.
Bertini enjoys hearing updates about former students like
Sullivan. She takes pride in watching the pipeline she helped nurture: of
Maxwell graduates heading out into the world, with the WFP or other
“My retirement package is to sit back and take pride in watching
the career successes of so many Maxwell graduates,” she says.
—By Mike Eckel with reporting by Jessica Youngman