Courses & Timetable

The EMIR in Washington DC program is a 10-course, 30-credit degree. Designed with working professionals in mind, the program can be completed part-time in as few as 18 months. Courses are offered in Washington DC and our flexible program, tailored to your needs, also may take advantage of additional offerings, either in Syracuse or in other parts of the world. The Maxwell School also offers a variety of short-term courses that plug easily into the EMIR format.  

The chart below provides two illustrative timetables with notional part-time and full-time courses of study. Students complete the program at their own pace. Many other combinations are possible. Your program generally begins in the fall or spring terms but there are opportunities for starts at other times of the year. Semester courses meet once per week for 2.5 hours and are offered in the evening beginning at 6 p.m. Summer courses meet twice per week in the evenings. Maymester and January intersession courses are intensive and assume half-day or full-day attendance for 7-10 workdays. Course offerings, titles, and timing may vary.


Spring 2021 start - 18-month program duration

Spring 2021 semester - two mandatory evening courses (6 credits)

  • PAI 895   | Executive Education Seminar: Leadership and Strategy in Global Affairs  | O'Keefe
  • PSC 783  | Comparative Foreign Policy  | Collins
  • PAI 708 | Issues in Public Diplomacy | Powers
  • PAI 700 | Transatlantic Political - Military Issues | Williams
  • PAI 700 | Economic Statecraft in a Multipolar World I Lovely
  • PAI 996 | Master’s Application Project: Capstone Workshop in International Affairs | Petzen

Maymester 2021 - select one intensive course (3 credits)

  • PAI 700  | Rising Athena: Defense, Diplomacy and Development  | McInnis
  • PAI 703   | Current Issues in US-Latin American Relations  | French
  • PAI 730   | Central Challenges in National Security Law and Policy  | Baker

Summer 2021 - select one evening course (3 credits)

  • PAI 700  | 21st Century Strategy  | Sean McFate 
  • PAI 700  |  Disinformation and Influence in the Digital Age |TBA

Fall 2021 semester - select two evening courses (6 credits)

  • PAI 715  | Evolving Global Security Landscape: Robotics, Autonomous Systems, and Artificial Intelligence  | Keagle
  • PAI 715  | Sustainable Development, Security and the Frontier of Finance | Das Gupta
  • PAI 715  | Global Sustainability & Development: Evaluating Policy Impact at the National Level  | Kimble
  • PAI 715  | China’s Rise and Challenges to the Global Order  | Daly
  • PAI 715  | From Fragility to Resilience: New Approaches to Global Development  | Yayboke & Reckless
  • PAI 715  | International Trade and Economic Negotiation  | Caplan & Fekete
  • PAI 715  | Strategic Foresight for International Relations  | Brannen
  • PAI 715  | Issues in Public Diplomacy | Powers
  • PAI 715  | Speechwriting and Effective Communicating for Policy Practitioners
  • PSC 783  | Comparative Foreign Policy  | Collins
  • PAI 738  | US Intelligence Community: Governance & Practice (via VTC)  | Murrett

January 2022 intersession - select one intensive course (3 credits)

  • PAI 700  | Public Management of Technology Development  | O'Keefe
  • PAI 700  | Global Energy and Geopolitics  |  Hederman
  • PAI 700  | Follow the Money: Key Issues in Illicit Finance  |  Patel

Spring 2022 semester - select two evening courses, one mandatory (6 credits)

  • PAI 895  | Executive Education Seminar: Leadership and Strategy in Global Affairs  | O'Keefe
  • PAI 700  | Economic Statecraft in a Multipolar World | Lovely
  • PAI 700  | Great Power Competition | Williams
  • PAI 996  | Master’s Application Project: Capstone Workshop in International Affairs | Petzen
  • PAI 730  | US Defense Strategy, Military Posture & Combat Operations, 2001-Present (via VTC)  | Murrett

Maymester 2022 - select one intensive course (3 credits)

  • PAI 700  | Rising Athena: Defense, Diplomacy and Development  | McInnis
  • PAI 703  | Current Policy Issues in US-Latin American Relations  | French
  • PAI 730  | Central Challenges in National Security Law and Policy  | Baker


Fall 2021 start - 20-month program duration

Fall 2021 semester - select two evening courses (6 credits)

  • PAI 715  | Evolving Global Security Landscape: Robotics, Autonomous Systems, and Artificial Intelligence  | Keagle
  • PAI 715  | Sustainable Development, Security and the Frontier of Finance | Das Gupta
  • PAI 715  | Global Sustainability & Development: Evaluating Policy Impact at the National Level  | Kimble
  • PAI 715  | China’s Rise and Challenges to the Global Order  | Daly
  • PAI 715  | From Fragility to Resilience: New Approaches to Global Development  | Yayboke & Reckless
  • PAI 715  | International Trade and Economic Negotiation  | Caplan & Fekete
  • PAI 715  | Strategic Foresight for International Relations  | Brannen
  • PAI 715  | Issues in Public Diplomacy | Powers
  • PAI 715  | Speechwriting and Effective Communicating for Policy Practitioners
  • PSC 783  | Comparative Foreign Policy  | Collins
  • PAI 738  | US Intelligence Community: Governance & Practice (via VTC)  | Murrett

January 2022 intersession - select one intensive course (3 credits)

  • PAI 700  | Public Management of Technology Development  | O'Keefe
  • PAI 700  | Global Energy and Geopolitics  |  Hederman
  • PAI 700  | Follow the Money: Key Issues in Illicit Finance  |  Patel

Spring 2022 semester - two mandatory evening courses (6 credits)

  • PAI 895  | Executive Education Seminar: Leadership and Strategy in Global Affairs  | O'Keefe
  • PAI 700  | Economic Statecraft in a Multipolar World | Lovely
  • PAI 700  | Great Power Competition | Williams
  • PAI 996  | Master’s Application Project: Capstone Workshop in International Affairs | Petzen
  • PAI 730  | US Defense Strategy, Military Posture & Combat Operations, 2001-Present (via VTC)  | Murrett

Maymester 2022 - select one intensive course (3 credits)

  • PAI 700  | Rising Athena: Defense, Diplomacy and Development  | McInnis
  • PAI 703   | Current Policy Issues in US-Latin American Relations  | French
  • PAI 730   | Central Challenges in National Security Law and Policy  | Baker

Summer 2022 - select one evening course (3 credits)

  • PAI 700  | 21st Century Strategy  | Sean McFate
  • PAI 700  | Disinformation and Influence in the Digital Age |TBA

Fall 2022 semester - select two evening courses (6 credits)

  • PAI 715  | Cyber Security  | TBD
  • PAI 715  | Sustainable Development, Security and the Frontier of Finance | Das Gupta
  • PAI 715  | Global Sustainability & Development: Evaluating Policy Impact at the National Level  | Kimble
  • PAI 715  | China’s Rise and Challenges to the Global Order  | Daly
  • PAI 715  | From Fragility to Resilience: New Approaches to Global Development  | Yayboke & Reckless
  • PAI 700  | Economic Statecraft in a Multipolar World | Lovely
  • PAI 715  | Strategic Foresight for International Relations  | Brannen
  • PAI 715  | Issues in Public Diplomacy | Powers
  • PSC 783  | Comparative Foreign Policy  | Collins
  • PAI 738  | US Intelligence Community: Governance & Practice (via VTC)  | Murrett

Spring 2023 semester - one mandatory course (3 credits)

  • PAI 996  | Master's Application Project: Capstone Workshop in International Affairs  | CSIS faculty

Course Descriptions

Fall Semester Courses

PAI 738 | US Intelligence Community: Governance and Practice, via VTC | Bob Murrett

This course meets Monday and Wednesday morning on SU's main campus and is only available in DC online

This course examines the evolution of the US Intelligence Community since its inception in 1947 through the present day. Key phases and specific events will be explored, including efforts during the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Vietnam Conflict, the Church Committee, the Balkans Conflict, pre- and post-9/11 operations, the 9/11 and WMD Commissions and the legislative overhaul mandated by Congress in 2004.  The course also will review governance and oversight of the intelligence community by the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, and students will study the functional elements of intelligence tradecraft (human intelligence, signals intelligence, imagery analysis, etc.), and engagement with international counterparts. The class will participate in case studies that students will evaluate, provide briefings for, and make recommendations in regard to, both in terms of analysis- and intelligence-driven decision-making on policy and operations.

PAI 715  | Evolving Global Security Landscape: Robotics, Autonomous Systems, and Artificial Intelligence  | Keagle

Change brings with it challenges—at the individual, organizational, and systemic levels.  It involves behaviors and cultures with often deep-seated traditions.  This course will explore the scope and magnitude of the transformational forces at work in the U.S. and to a lesser extent the global security and defense establishments. By its nature the course will be about peace and war—how the nation goes about the business of preparing, equipping, and training itself to deter and if necessary to fight traditional wars and the new kinds of challenges that might lead to armed conflict as well as shaping the post war environment for an enduring peace—but do NOT think about this as a linear process.  It will also be about sociology, bureaucratic politics, the role of the media, economics, health care, power….   Most of all this semester it will be about the transformational nature and effects of robotics, autonomous systems and artificial intelligence (RAS/AI) on security and the budget pressures on the national security/ defense budgets—and where to consider taking acceptable risks—geographically and functionally and force posture wise (for example, do we need a $1Trillion nuclear modernization program; or 2400+ F-35s; or 12 carrier battle groups?).  This agenda now is being shaped by governments and the private sector - commonly know at the 3rd offset.  

PAI 715 | Sustainable Development, Security and the Frontier of Finance | Bejoy DasGupta

This new course will focus on how the global financial revolution underway, the Fintech revolution, can help lead to sustained, inclusive and strong growth and enhance security, as elaborated in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. The course will explore cutting edge themes at the intersection of finance, technology, policy, development and security, as well as cross-border dimensions. It will not be narrowly focused on technology, and is appropriate for students pursuing development, economic and security fields.

PAI 715 | Global Sustainability and Development: Evaluating Policy Impact at the National Level | Melinda Kimble

This course offers an overview of the concept of sustainability and its application in economic, environmental, social and development spheres from the perspective of policy practitioners.  It examines the issue through the perspective of three planetary ecosystems – water, land and air – and explores associated public policy issues – urbanization, globalization, depletion of ocean resources, land-based sources of marine pollution, deforestation, climate change and national security.  Drawing on a policy thinking tool developed for this class, the seminar will assess the evolution of international legal frameworks and related concepts since 1970 and apply the tool to identifying and analyzing current and future policy options at the local, state, national and global level. This course provides business and finance, economic development, national security as well as environmental majors a command of key concepts, analytic tools, and professional literacy for addressing sustainability issues across a range of disciplines.

PAI 715| China's Rise and Challenges to the Global Order |  Robert Daly

This master’s seminar focuses on contemporary challenges to the global order posed by China’s growing economic and political power.  The course charts China’s reform and opening, its development and integration into the global economy, and the challenges created for Western economic and security institutions and alliances. Specific topic areas covered include China’s non-market status and trade conflict, competition for technological leadership, ICT governance and standard setting, the Belt and Road Initiative, and the implications of China’s South China Sea activity.  The course will combine extensive background readings, lectures, and discussion.  Students will benefit from frequent guest lectures and discussions with experts from the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

PAI 715 | From Fragility to Resilience: New Approaches to Global Development | Erol Yayboke and Sara Reckless

While some countries move up the development ladder on the way to greater economic growth and stability, others struggle with cyclical fragility and the negative repercussions that come with it. The path from fragility to resilience is rarely linear, requiring a mix of security, stabilization, humanitarian aid, and development assistance. This course will look at causes of fragility and examine the non-kinetic tools deployed in fragile states, especially their utility and effectiveness in specific country and regional cases. Primarily discussion-based, the course will also include regular guest speakers who are regional experts and/or practitioners.

PAI 700 | Economic Statecraft in a Multipolar World | Mary Lovely

U.S. national security challenges are increasingly addressed by tools of economic statecraft.  This course examines the mechanisms, operation and outcomes of these economic tools.  The course focuses on five tools, including those designed to coerce change and those offered as incentives and positive inducements.  Planned for discussion in Spring 2021 are trade barriers and preferences, financial sanctions, export controls and investment restrictions, foreign lending, and development aid.

PAI 715 | Strategic Foresight for International Relations | Samuel Brannen

This course will provide graduate students with a structured approach to thinking about the future of the international environment. It is a foundation in qualitative foresight methodologies with direct application to national or organizational strategic planning. It also provides a tour du horizon of the global trends shaping the world 10-20 years into the future and beyond. Through real-world case studies and classroom exercises, the course exposes students to the practical application of foresight methodologies to policymaking and resource decision-making. These methodologies are routinely used by strategic planners in leading global intelligence organizations, national security ministries, multinational corporations, and non-governmental organizations. Strategic foresight is an under-appreciated “hard” international relations skillset, particularly useful in navigating the profound global transitions underway that affect risk and competitiveness for countries, companies, and individuals.

PAI 715 | Issues in Public Diplomacy | Shawn Powers

This course will provide a deep dive into the origins of information statecraft and explore case studies to provide a detailed understanding of the scope, sophistication, and significance of the geopolitics of information. Building on key theoretical models, including markets for loyalties, networks, and game theory, this course will provide an analytic framework for understanding the range of information statecraft activities, as well as the key variables likely to influence the success or failure of a public diplomacy campaign or program. Monitoring and evaluation techniques and best practices will also be covered, as well as the foundations of digital analytics and metrics. Classes will feature occasional guest speakers from the State Department, the Department of Defense, and the NGO community. At the end of the course, students will be subject matter experts on public diplomacy and global media strategy, the information statecraft toolkit, and the significance of these tools and tactics in international affairs.

PAI 715 | International Trade & Economic Negotiation | Bennett Caplan and Paul Fekete

This course looks at a variety of different types of negotiations concerning economic issues, including multilateral trade and investment negotiations, bi- and pluri- lateral trade negotiations, and negotiations aimed at the settlement of specific disputes. We will discuss the influence of domestic politics, and the role of international organizations and non-governmental stakeholders such as NGOs, labor, multinational corporations, and domestic interest groups. The course is particularly useful for those considering careers in international trade, business, markets and finance.

PAI 715 | Speechwriting and Effective Communicating for Policy Practitioners | Jamie Shea

How do you write a great speech that has impact in the international arena or helps move the policy agenda forward? From research to rhetoric, our new course PAI 715-M007, Speechwriting and Effective Communicating for Policy Practitioners will address that question and explore a range of techniques that speechwriters use to create memorable messages for the international stage. This course will be taught fully online in Fall 2021 by Dr. Jamie Shea, former Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges as well as the former NATO spokesperson. During the course you will study historic and contemporary speeches tied to significant international issues as well as learn how to craft and critique the language of international affairs. There will be regular writing assignments as well as, reading, listening assignments, and discussion, as well as guest lectures from seasoned practitioners. In the end you will understand how foreign policy ideas are communicated and perhaps find a speechwriting voice of your own. Dr. Shea will teach the course live from Brussels, BE hence the timing of the class on Fridays from 8am- 1040am.

PSC 783  | Comparative Foreign Policy | Joseph Collins

A survey and critique of approaches to understanding foreign policy decision-making from the perspective of the practitioner who must deal with problems of individual choice, small groups, bureaucratic politics, and organizational constraints in the conduct of foreign policy.

Case studies and simulations are used to provide first-hand experience in policy decision-making in the United States and other countries.

PAI 715  | African Conflicts: Causes and Consequences | Constance Freeman

African nations gained their independence, the continent continues to be a disproportionate generator of conflict and instability. Simultaneously its global importance grows, due to external preoccupations with energy security, anti-terrorism efforts, emigration, and disease.

Despite these complex dynamics, the international community’s engagement with Africa continues to be largely focused on crisis management and humanitarian assistance.

This course explores the underlying reasons – historic, political, economic and cultural -- for Africa’s chronic weakness and dependency, as well as the West’s often myopic response to these pressing problems. It takes a close look at some of the most destructive developments in the post-colonial period, including state collapse, genocide, and HIV/AIDS.

We then seek to better understand the manifestations of crisis in Africa and how to more effectively tailor our responses. To that end, we delve into the world of humanitarianism, from its traditional charitable manifestations to more recent trends such as humanitarian intervention, R2P, and reconciliation.

Winter Intersession Courses

PAI 700  | Public Management of Technology Development | Sean O'Keefe

The objective of this course is to provide a survey of major public policy influences on the formulation and implementation of commercial technology and innovation strategies.

PAI 700  | Global Energy and Geopolitics | William Hederman

This course will provide a foundation for understanding current international relations regarding energy and for appreciating current international dynamics around energy and closely related environmental issues, providing students with the tools and information to become capable of analyzing a broad range of energy matters from an international policy perspective. 

PAI 700  | Follow the Money: Key Issues in Illicit Finance | Kris Patel

This course examines how US government agencies--law enforcement, regulators, national security organizations, and the military--collaborate with international partners, non-profit organizations, and the financial industry to identify, assess, and combat financial crime threats.  The course will develop the student's conceptual and practical understanding of how illicit actors exploit the financial industry, focusing on sanctions evasion, money laundering, organized crime, and terrorist financing, and consider the challenges faced by analysts, policymakers, and bankers to mitigate financial crime risks in an evolving industry.

Spring Semester Courses

PAI 895  | Executive Education Seminar: Leadership and Strategy in Global Affairs | Sean O'Keefe

Objectives are to establish an understanding of the schools of leadership thinking, especially current trends, to practice requisite skills, and to plan for additional learning and development through assessment and action planning.

Course readings focus on leadership theory and practice and their application in the changing organizational environment in a global workplace.

PSC 783  | Comparative Foreign Policy | Joseph Collins

A survey and critique of approaches to understanding foreign policy decision-making from the perspective of the practitioner who must deal with problems of individual choice, small groups, bureaucratic politics, and organizational constraints in the conduct of foreign policy.

Case studies and simulations are used to provide first-hand experience in policy decision-making in the United States and other countries.

PAI 700  | Global Energy and Geopolitics | William Hederman

This course will provide a foundation for understanding current international relations regarding energy and for appreciating current international dynamics around energy and closely related environmental issues, providing students with the tools and information to become capable of analyzing a broad range of energy matters from an international policy perspective. 

PAI 730 | US Defense Strategy, Military Posture & Combat Operations, 2001-Present, via VTC | Bob Murrett

This course examines the Defense Strategy of the US and its allies and its implementation by military forces from 2001 to the present. Students study national-level strategic guidance from the National Command Authority, and understand how national security is carried out by the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Combatant Commanders and subordinate units.

International security dynamics and military posture related to terrorism and proliferation of nuclear and other weapons of mass effect also will be examined. Students will participate in specific case studies of planning and execution of combat and humanitarian assistance operations with allied forces in Afghanistan, Iraq, Africa, Haiti, the Far East, Colombia, and on the high seas.

PAI 708 | Issues in Public Diplomacy | Shawn Powers

This course will provide a deep dive into the origins of information statecraft and explore case studies to provide a detailed understanding of the scope, sophistication, and significance of the geopolitics of information. Building on key theoretical models, including markets for loyalties, networks, and game theory, this course will provide an analytic framework for understanding the range of information statecraft activities, as well as the key variables likely to influence the success or failure of a public diplomacy campaign or program. Monitoring and evaluation techniques and best practices will also be covered, as well as the foundations of digital analytics and metrics. Classes will feature occasional guest speakers from the State Department, the Department of Defense, and the NGO community. At the end of the course, students will be subject matter experts on public diplomacy and global media strategy, the information statecraft toolkit, and the significance of these tools and tactics in international affairs.

PAI 708 | Economic Statecraft in a Multipolar World | Mary Lovely

U.S. national security challenges are increasingly addressed by tools of economic statecraft.  This course examines the mechanisms, operation and outcomes of these economic tools.  The course focuses on five tools, including those designed to coerce change and those offered as incentives and positive inducements.  Planned for discussion in Spring 2021 are trade barriers and preferences, financial sanctions, export controls and investment restrictions, foreign lending, and development aid.

PAI 700 | Transatlantic Political - Military Issues | Michael Williams

This seminar will explore the historic foundations of NATO, dissecting current issues – including the challenge from Putin’s Russia, rising illiberalism in Europe, populism in the US and EU, migration pressures, terrorism and the role of China in Europe - and will assess possible future developments of what has been known as the “most successful alliance in history”. 

The Transatlantic Relationship, formally embodied in the North Atlantic Treaty Organizations (NATO), has been a cornerstone of international security since the end of the Second World War. NATO helped to ensure a war between the Soviet and American Cold War superpowers did not occur. It helped to pacify Europe and to enable European integration and the eventual development of the European Union. NATO facilitated the transition to democracy in eastern Europe following the end of the Cold War. The alliance was, and seemingly remains, the main forum for Europe, Canada and the United States to discuss the most pressing global security concerns. But animosity during the administration of George W. Bush, apathy during the Presidency of Barrack Obama and downright hostility from the Trump White House has left NATO shaken and weak. Europeans, on the other hand, failed to invest in NATO following the end of the Cold War and are increasingly torn between NATO and the EU’s European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP). 

PAI 996 | Master’s Application Project: Capstone Workshop in International Affairs | Barbara Petzen

This is the capstone course and a core requirement for the EMIR degree. Students complete substantive research projects while embedded in one of the thematic or regional programs at CSIS. Students work directly with CSIS experts on capstone projects designed to hone and showcase their capacity for both cogent analysis of real-world problems and effective policy communication.

Based on interest, working teams of master's candidates conduct research reports to craft actionable policy analysis and recommendations on a complex issue area. Since valuable policy recommendations may be lost if they are not communicated well, teams also learn to transform their policy analysis into an online project that communicates their results with clarity, creativity, and compelling multimedia storytelling.

Professional development workshops on data collection, analysis, analytic writing, and presentation are covered to support students in the development of their projects and to help prepare them for personal career advancement.

Project teams receive mentorship and guidance from CSIS faculty and media advisors throughout the duration of their projects.  A final oral presentation and a written report to CSIS and the faculty advisor are the major course requirements.

EMIR candidates who successfully complete the capstone project will be able to:

  • Understand complex and fast-changing international security and foreign policy issues;
  • Analyze complex data sets to discern key patterns and trends;
  • Formulate insightful analysis of an issue area and design appropriate policy recommendations or compare likely repercussions of different policies;
  • Craft compelling policy narratives combining cogent analysis and creative data visualization;
  • Communicate findings effectively both orally and across a range of multimedia platforms;
  • Collaborate effectively on diverse teams to produce a high-impact product.

Maymester Courses

PAI 703 | Current Issues in US-Latin American Relations | PAI 703 | Philip French

This intensive one-week seminar in Washington introduces students to the contemporary relationship between the U.S. and Latin America, offering the opportunity to discuss US policy in the region with current and former government officials, scholars, and non-governmental organization representatives. 

Beginning with an historical foundation from assigned readings, class lectures and discussions will focus on current policy issues:  How did U.S. narcotics, terrorism, trade and immigration policies shape relations with Latin America under the Trump administration, and what changes will the Biden administration bring?  What can/should the U.S. do to promote democracy in Venezuela, or security and prosperity in Bolivia, Haiti, and Central America?  What are China’s intentions in the region, and how should the U.S. respond?  Can the region escape the boom-and-bust cycle of commodity-based economies? What does the COVID-19 pandemic reveal about the region’s social and economic structures?  Students will discuss and challenge common approaches and assumptions, address major themes and current events, and explore possible responses to social and political change.  

PAI 730  | Central Challenges in National Security Law and Policy | James Baker

Using a series of case study modules that jump off the front page, the course examines critically the hardest U.S. national security law and policy challenges of the decades ahead. The case studies range from decisions to intervene and what laws apply if we do intervene in humanitarian crises, insurrections, or civil wars, and what laws should govern when we are involved; dealing with the Arab Spring; dealing with Iran and North Korea related to nuclear weapons; anticipating and controlling new technologies in warfare and surveillance; managing civil/military relations in protecting the homeland; countering the cyber threats to our infrastructure and cyber attacks waged by nation states, such as China and Russia; managing public health as a national security issue; resource depletion and global warming as a national security issue. Students will learn to integrate legal and policy analyses, and will gain lessons in how policy is made and implemented with significant legal guidance. 

PAI 700  | Rising Athena: Defense, Diplomacy and Development | Kathleen McInnis 

This course uses the deity Athena (the goddess of wisdom, war, and strategy) as a heuristic in order to critically engage the structure and substance of U.S. national security policy. Particularly after 9/11, U.S. national security and foreign policy has been dominated by the Department of Defense.  Arguably Ares, the god of war and tactics, has been ascendant.  Yet the U.S. has not been winning wars and it remains underprepared to use non-military instruments to achieve strategic success. The ancient Greeks knew that militarism without strategy was a losing proposition, which is why Athena - the multifaceted female god of art, war, empathy, protection, architecture and many other things besides - was the deity for victory.  Over the duration of the class, students will explore national security policy through the lenses of gender, creativity, storytelling, strategic empathy, and interagency structures in order to tease out how the U.S. might build better national security strategies and policies. 

PAI 700 | Sustainable Development, Security and the Frontier of Finance | Bejoy Das Gupta

Examines how the global financial revolution underway, the Fintech revolution, can help lead to sustained, inclusive and strong growth and enhance security, as elaborated in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. The course will explore cutting edge themes at the intersection of finance, technology, policy, development and security, as well as cross-border dimensions. It will not be narrowly focused on technology, and is appropriate for students pursuing development, economic and security fields.

Summer Semester Courses

PAI 700 | Disinformation and Influence in the Digital Age |  TBA 

This course will explore how global actors have weaponized false or misleading information to shape public perceptions, achieve strategic geopolitical goals, make money, and pollute the information environment. Students will study the new tools being used by state and non-state actors and examine the reach/effectiveness of disinformation campaigns in shaping public dialogue. This course will further explore how the practice of disinformation has changed in the information age, how both state and non-state actors weaponize technology, social networks, and other tools for dissemination, and what makes human beings and societies vulnerable to information operations. In addition to covering state-sponsored information operations, this course will also dive into financially motivated operations, the role of the media and state media, and the inadvertent spread of viral false information, differentiating between different types of campaigns. Additionally, students will have the opportunity to study how to detect these campaigns using open-source investigative techniques and discuss the difficulties of attribution particular to the information operations space. Finally, this course will explore regulatory, diplomatic, technological, and societal mitigations and interventions aimed at protecting the information environment, assessing their effectiveness. 

PAI 700 | 21st Century Strategy | Sean McFate

The art of war and grand strategy is often invoked yet rarely understood, resulting in catastrophe. Too often policy makers, members of congress, academics, think tankers, journalists, pundits and even flag officers discuss strategy but remain ignorant of the concept. Consequently, strategy is frequently confused with tactics, bureaucracy, academic theory and other things — all to ruinous effect — as evidenced in Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan. You will learn universal strategies for the strong, the weak and most things in between. We will examine the ideas of Sun Tzu, Kautilya, Jomini, Clausewitz, Mao, T.E. Lawrence, Galula and other scholar-practitioners. Case studies include the Peloponnesian War, American Revolution, 2006 Lebanon War and African warlords. The course will teach you how to think strategically and builds on what senior U.S. military officers learn at war colleges, taught by a professor at such an institution. However, we will probe much deeper than what is usually taught at war colleges and civilian institutions so that you are equipped to fight and win 21st century wars.