PARCC's Conversations in Conflict Studies Series
is a weekly educational speaker series for students, faculty, and the community. The series, sponsored by PARCC, draws its speakers from Syracuse University faculty, national and international scholars and activists, and PhD students. Many of
our these talks are taped and you can view the full list of available videos from the series: PARCC Conversations in Conflict Studies Video Series.
Fall 2020 Conversations in Conflict Studies
October 15, 2020. "Saving the Salmon". Qasim Mehdi, Ph.D. candidate in at Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. In the late 1990s, several salmonid species were listed as endangered or threatened in Oregon due to overfishing and deteriorating environmental conditions in the state's watersheds. To address this problem, the state government mandated the formation of 89 watershed councils and created an independent state agency to fund, support and monitor the efforts of these councils, as well as the efforts of other groups. Since that time, more than 7000 collaborative watershed restoration projects have been undertaken by the councils and other groups. This presentation, based on Qasim Mehdi's paper, explores how the structural characteristics of these collaborative efforts affect their cost-effectiveness. The results indicate that collaboration form, participant numbers, and resource contributions affect cost effectiveness, but participant diversity does not.
October 8, 2020. "The Revolution that Wasn't". Jen Schradie, Sociologist and Assistant Professor at the Observatoire Sociologique du Changement at Sciences Po in Paris. The internet has been hailed as a leveling force that is reshaping activism. From the Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street to Black Lives Matter and #MeToo, digital activism seemed cheap, fast and open to all. Now this celebratory narrative finds itself competing with an increasingly sinister story as platforms like Facebook and Twitter-once the darlings of digital democracy-are on the defensive for their role in promoting fake news. While hashtag activism captures headlines, conservative digital activism is proving more effective on the ground. Jen Schradie’s talk, based on her book The Revolution That Wasn’t, identifies the reasons behind this previously undiagnosed digital-activism gap. The findings have national and even international implications for a growing right-wing populist movement.
October 1, 2020. "Proactive Peace: Difference and Generativity". Stan Deetz, Professor Emeritus, President's Teaching Scholar at University of Colorado at Boulder. Proactive Peacemaking focuses on creating the conditions and relations that embrace conflict and the prospect of positive mutual choices. This most often is less seeking common ground and compromise and more a focus on turning difference into creativity, i.e., finding the productivity of conflict. To do this, human interactions need to be more carefully designed to assure greater efficiency and effectiveness in goal accomplishment, higher levels of mutual commitment, and greater customization to local needs and circumstances. The redesign of human interaction will be explored as a way to respond to the contemporary social context where significant and costly conflicts are being fueled by interdependence, cultural differences, fresh water shortages, resource depletion, climate change and ethnic strife.
September 4, 2020. "Hope for Democracy: How an Election Reform You've Never Heard of Makes Politics (a Little) More Deliberative". John Gastil, Distinguished Professor in the Department of Communication Arts and Sciences and Political Science at the Pennsylvania State University. John Gastil shared findings from his new book with Katherine Knobloch on how a political reform that began in Oregon could improve elections in the US and around the globe. Gastil described the Citizens' Initiative Review, which convenes a demographically-balanced random sample of citizens to study statewide ballot measures. Citizen panelists interrogate advocates, opponents, and experts, then write an analysis that distills their findings for voters. This process has helped voters better understand the policy issues placed on their ballots. Placing this unique experiment in the larger context of deliberative democratic reforms, Gastil showed how citizens and public officials can work together to bring more rationality and empathy into modern politics.
Spring 2020 Conversations in Conflict Studies
April 29, 2020. "Nasty Talk: How Snark, Irreverence and Hate Took Over the Comment Section." Greg Munno, Assistant Professor, Magazine, News and Digital Journalism. In late February, Syracuse.com announced it would cease to give readers the opportunity to comment on news stories. "The conversations," Syracuse.com's president wrote to readers, "too often devolve into off-topic and hateful discourse." In this talk, we'll delve into the research on why comments are so often destructive, on what effects those comments have on citizens' views of the news and government, and what organizations in media and government have managed to generate a more civil and meaningful discourse online.
Mar. 4, 2020 "U.S. Security and Sovereignty in an Era of Non-State Threats." Renee de Nevers, Associate Professor, Public Administration and International Affairs; Chair, Social Science Program. In spite of sovereignty's assumed protections, states intervene frequently in others' territories. The United States has engaged in multiple interventions since the end of the Cold War in states ranging from Somalia and Kosovo to Afghanistan and Iraq. These were high profile cases in which the boundaries of sovereignty were broken. Less attention has been paid to cases in which the boundaries of sovereignty are not broken, but have been blurred in an effort to bolster security against a different range of threats.
Feb. 28, 2020. "Data Analytics in Foreign Policy." Matt Steinhelfer. Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, U.S. Department of State. In the last decade, the foreign policy operating context has become increasingly complex. Senior officials must make informed decisions on matters of national security quickly and authoritatively. In this discussion, Steinhelfer explored how leveraging data analytics can improve the foreign policy decision-making process.
Feb. 19, 2020. "How Beauty Can Save Us." Harvey Teres. Dean's Professor for the Public Humanities in English, College of Arts and Sciences, Syracuse University. Prof. Teres discussed the role of the aesthetic experience in the resolution of social and political disputes, with off-hand remarks about Plato, Aristotle, Kant, Schiller, Du Bois, Dewey and Rawls.
Feb. 12, 2020. "The Geopolitics of Sport Beyond Soft Power." Natalie Koch. Associate Professor, Geography, O'Hanley Faculty Scholar. Syracuse University. State leaders in the Arabian Peninsula have increasingly sought to host globalized sporting events to broadcast a cosmopolitan and modern image of the region. These efforts are typically interpreted as examples of states exercising 'soft power.' This conversation challenges the state-centric assumptions built into the soft power approach by employing an event ethnography of the 2016 UCI Road Cycling World Championships in Doha. Advancing a more grounded geopolitics of elite sport in the Gulf, Professor Koch examined how geopolitical identity narratives about Qatar, and the Gulf region more broadly, circulate at various scales and through countless contingent encounters at the event.
Feb. 5, 2020. "Conflict and Collaboration in Conservation: Lessons from New York and Fiji." Josh Drew. Assistant Professor, Environmental and Forest Biology, SUNY ESF. Prof. Drew examined where we investigate stakeholder perceptions of ecosystem services and explored how those perceptions can lead to conflict and collaboration. Using a technique called Fuzzy Cognitive Mental Modeling, he demonstrated disparities in oyster users in Rhode Island and New York and spelled out a path to reduce inefficiencies in conservation planning using mangroves in Fiji.
Jan. 29, 2020. "What are the Values of Humanitarian INGO's? And How are They Reflected in Their Governance?" Jeb Beagles. Assistant Professor, Public Administration and International Affairs, Syracuse University. In the past few decades we have seen substantial growth in the number, size, and prestige of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs). Increasingly, INGOs have taken a more substantial role in swaying policy - at the domestic and international levels - through active information campaigns, lobbying, and utilizing their donor base. Yet, do their mission statements always align with their governing practices? This week, Professor Jeb Beagles discussed the internal dynamics of INGOs and how true they are to their publicized principles. In particular, Jeb touched upon their broad nature of the term humanitarian, and how the widespread nature of this label can affect the structure of an INGO.
Jan. 23, 2020. "What is Dehumanization? Implications for Conflict and (Hopefully) Collaboration." Leonard Newman. Associate Professor and Associate Chair, Psychology, Syracuse University. Dehumanization is often identified as a core component of violent intergroup conflict; some have even argued it is a necessary factor. But what exactly is dehumanization and what evidence do we have for its unique effects on behavior? This talk will review psychologists recent theorizing and research on dehumanization. Whether or not conflicts involving dehumanization call for specific approaches to reconciliation will also be addressed.
Jan. 15, 2020 "Is Civility Dead?" Keith Bybee. Professor of Political Science, Vice Dean and Paul E. and Hon. Joanne F. Alper '72 Judiciary Studies Professor, Syracuse University. Many Americans today worry that politics is killing civility. But the concern over the decline of appropriate conduct runs deeper than the latest tweet or partisan shouting match. Public life, the workplace, social media--all seem to be filled with insult and invective. To understand if civility is really under existential threat, we must consider, first, whether civility is even possible. And if it is possible, we must consider whether civility is desirable. Once we examine the possibility and desirability of civility, we will see that, paradoxically, the very things that make civility appear weak and ineffective, also account for civility's power and appeal.
Fall 2019 Conversations in Conflict Studies
Nov. 20, 2019. "Building The Oregon Atlas of Collaboration." Tina Nabatchi, Joseph A.Strasser Endowed Professor Public Administration and International Affairs, Syracuse University. Tina Nabatchi will discuss the ongoing efforts of collective solutions to complex problems in the state of Oregon. A combined project put forth by the National Policy Consensus Center and the Program for the Advancement of Research on Conflict and Collaboration, Prof. Nabatchi and her colleagues have created the first N-database dedicated to collective action. Prof. Nabatchi will highlight how this network of interconnected collaboration has enabled both formal relationships within state government and has resulted in the manifestation of public value over time.
Nov. 15, 2019. "Social Norms and Violence Against Women in Morocco." Saloua Zerhouni, Professor of Political Science, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco. Domestic violence is widespread in Morocco. Dr. Zerhouni will speak about an experimental study she is conducting on the impact of social norms on violence against women in Morocco.
Nov. 13, 2019. "Terrorism, Refugees and Trust in a Comparative Context." Shana Gadarian. Associate Professor, Political Science, Syracuse University. Post 9/11, terrorism fears are relatively constant in the U.S. and much of Western Europe. Actions carried out by the 2015 Paris attack have only heightened these fears. Professor Gadarian will explain how she measured the impact of terrorism fears after the Paris attacks using the SAMRISK Disruptive Events Survey. Her talk will focus on the survey results that demonstrate changing sentiments toward immigrant and migrant communities, and as a result, a decreasing level of trust in immigrants and refugees.
Nov. 6, 2019. "Fighting Better." Louis Kriesberg, Professor of Social Conflict Studies, Founding Director, PARCC, Syracuse University. Louis Kriesberg will discuss better and worse ways of engaging in domestic conflicts in present day America, focusing on assessment criteria and unique conditions in democratic states that affect the success of engagement. Domestic conflicts are waged in a blended institutional and non-institutional setting, complicated by class, status, and power inequalities. He will describe conflict strategies and tactics in this setting.
Oct. 30, 2019. "Beyond Average Effects: Using QCA to Understand the Role of Intersectionality in Individual Giving." Julia Carboni, Associate Professor of Public Administration and International Affairs, Syracuse University. The better nonprofit organizations understand donors, the better asks for resources they will be able to make. Standard practice is to use data to develop donor profiles to understand who is most likely to give to your organization or cause. Typically, donor profiles are based on the ‘average’ donor given a set of characteristics. These profiles are rooted in standard statistical models that estimate the average effect of variables across cases but can say little about how the lived experience of donors shapes giving behaviors.
Oct. 23, 2019. "Has Collaboration Been Hijacked?" Tingting Li, Visiting Research Professor, School of Humanities and Social Sciences of Civil Aviation, University of China. Responding to the need to solve ‘wicked problems’, collaborative governance has become a new academic and practice emphasis in both China and the West. While the government-led and multi-party participation is highly praised in the field of social governance in China, the results are not always positive. This talk examines the case of T city and shows that collaboration has been ‘hijacked’ and that many governance mechanisms may fail during the collaborative process.
Oct. 16, 2019. "Environmental Peacebuilding in the Middle East." The Arava Institute. Israeli, Jordanian, and American alumni from the Arava Institute for Environmental Studies (AIES), Ketura, Israel, discuss their experiences learning and working together to address critical environmental issues in the Middle East.
Oct. 9, 2019. Screening and discussion of the film, "All in My Family." From modern documentarian Hao Wu comes a heartfelt portrait of how he created a thoroughly modern family in America, only to face the dilemma of introducing his same-sex partner and their children to his deeply traditional parents and relatives in China.
Oct. 2, 2019. "Conflict Mediation in Africa: Where Are the Homegrown Initiatives?" Jok Madut Jok. Professor of Anthropology, Syracuse University. Ending wars in Africa, whether these are civil or inter-state wars, has often been practiced as a function of mediation by external actors, almost always involving funding from diplomats or from the global north. There is always very little diplomatic pressure and financial contribution from within the African continent toward ending conflicts. Continental bodies such as the African Union Peace Security Council or regional trade blocs like Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Southern African Development Council (SADC) or Inter-Governmental Agency on Development (IGAD), have all attempted to intervene in African conflicts but often only with the political and financial support of the West.
Oct. 1, 2019. "A Lunch Conversation with Daniel Costa." Daniel Costa is an attorney who first joined the Economic Policy Institute in 2010 and was EPI’s director of immigration law and policy research from 2013 to early 2018; he returned to this role in 2019 after serving as the California Attorney General’s senior advisor on immigration and labor. Costa’s areas of research include a wide range of labor migration issues, including governance of temporary labor migration programs, both high-and less skilled-migration both high- and less-skilled migration, worksite enforcement, immigrant workers’ rights, and global multilateral processes related to migration, as well as refugee and asylum issues.
Sept. 24, 2019. "Managing Conflict While Leading Change." Catherine Bertini. Former Executive Director, UN World Food Programme; Emeritus Professor, Syracuse University. Leading change in organizations inevitably creates conflict. Effective leaders manage that conflict strategically so that it results in productive growth. The more complex the organization and radical the change, the more conflict results, demanding ever more skillful leadership.
Sept. 18, 2019. "Civil-Military Relations from International Conflict Zones to the United States." Professor Robert Rubinstein and Professor Corri Zoli. Prof. Rubinstein is Distinguished Professor of Anthropology and Professor of International Relations, Syracuse University. Prof.Zoli is the Director of Research in the College of Law, Syracuse University. Civil-military relations in the United States are much more militarized today than they were thirty years ago. We will discuss how efforts to improve humanitarian action and warfighting by taking a "cultural turn" created a web of relationships that at first entangled and later entrapped institutions and actors. The processes involved began in the 1990s and accelerated as the "cultural turn" became more central to post-9/11 security developments in the United States. We consider the mutual dependences and dependencies attendant to these processes and consider the emergence of the militarization of local policing an exemplar of the broader societal arrangements they entailed.
Sept. 11, 2019. "Autonomous Systems and Conflicting Feelings: Do We Have to Collaborate with Machines?". Professor Jamie Winders. Professor of Geography; Director, Autonomous Systems Policy Institute, Syracuse University. As one of SU’s newest institutes, the Autonomous Systems Policy Institute (ASPI) is driven by the advancement of knowledge through the exploration of policy and governance of that surrounds the field of autonomous systems. In her address ASPI Director and Professor of Geography, Jamie Winders will touch on the main questions driving the institute and how the proliferation of autonomous systems-unmanned aerial vehicles, driverless cars, platooning trucks and so on, as well as the artificial intelligence and algorithms on which these systems depend raise pressing questions about human/machine collaboration and conflicts.
Spring 2019 Conversations in Conflict Studies
April 24, 2019. "A Front Row Seat to Foreign Policy History at the Carter White House." Evan and Kit Dobelle, Former United States Chiefs of Protocol for the White House under the Carter Administration. Multiple transformational foreign policy achievements of President Jimmy Carter remain intact after the passage of 40 years. For this special PARCC Conversation, Evan and Kit Dobelle, who each served that Administration as Chief of Protocol of the United States with the rank of Ambassador, will discuss highlights from their work with critical international affairs from 1977-1981. Particular focus will include the Panama Canal Treaty negotiations, the Camp David Peace process, and the visit of Deng Xiaoping establishing full diplomatic relations with China. During this period they oversaw arrangements for over 60 official visits of Heads of State and Heads of Government, as well as White House travel to more than 30 countries.
April 17, 2019. "Waging Class Struggle with Plants: Intra-class difference and the meanings of greening labor in Rio de Janeiro." John Burdick, Professor of Anthropology, Syracuse University. In Rio de Janeiro, advantageously-located social housing projects are currently experiencing unprecedented informal market pressure from middle class buyers. This pressure, though largely illicit and irregular, has as a major effect the deepening and aggravation of intra-class difference and hierarchy among the working-class residents of social housing projects. In this tense and shifting context, greening labor has emerged as a key site of struggle between segments of the working class to control the terms of their relations to this market pressure. Indeed, plants’ capacity to symbolize, embody and enact territorial control, social status, exchange value, and relations with the spiritual world, make them key instruments of struggle between different segments of the working class, as they position themselves in relation to the titanic forces of gentrification. John Burdick is Professor of Anthropology at Syracuse University. His work has focused for the past 35 years on the role of popular culture and religion in political mobilization and activism. His area of expertise is Brazil. Since 2016 he has led a Brazil-based research team on the impacts of social housing projects on different segments of the working class.
April 10, 2019. "Citizen Science, Stakeholder Science: Minority Stakeholder Engagement in Natural Resource Management." Rebecca Schewe, Associate Professor of Sociology, Director of Graduate Studies and O’Hanley Faculty Scholar and Senior Research Associate, Center for Policy Research at the Maxwell School, Syracuse University. In this discussion, Professor Schewe combines the paradigms of collaborative resource management and citizen science to examine the engagement of Vietnamese American commercial fisheries stakeholders in the US Gulf Coast with state and federal agencies and the role that citizen science may play in improving this engagement. She argues that stakeholder science – respectful collaborative science involving both stakeholders and agencies – may serve to overcome some of the challenges to engaging diverse fishing stakeholders and barriers resulting from stratification. As a rural environmental and natural resource sociologist, Prof. Schewe focuses on the mutually constructive relationships between social institutions and the natural environment. She is interested in how social, economic, and political structures affect environmental behaviors, norms, and outcomes.
April 3, 2019. “Nuclear Weapons, Race, and Justice in the Trump Era.” Vincent Intondi, Associate Professor of History and Director of the Institute for Race, Justice, and Civic Engagement at Montgomery College. This is a discussion on the connections between racial justice and nuclear weapons. Professor Intondi discusses major themes from his recently published book, African Americans Against the Bomb: Nuclear Weapons, Colonialism, and the Black Freedom Movement. From 2009-2017, Vincent Intondi was Director of Research for American University’s Nuclear Studies Institute in Washington, DC. Prior to teaching at Montgomery College, He was an Associate Professor of History at Seminole State College in Sanford, Florida. Mr. Intondi regularly works with organizations exploring ways to include more diverse voices in the nuclear disarmament movement. His research focuses on the intersection of race and nuclear weapons.
March 27, 2019. “The Potential for Dialogue in the Civil Service Debate." Todd Dickey, Assistant Professor, Public Administration and International Affairs, Maxwell School, Syracuse University. Todd Dickey discusses his ongoing U.S. federal civil service institutions project and wide-ranging stakeholder perspectives on the current state of the federal civil service and its future. Using an “integrative public administration” approach, as developed by participants at the recent “Minnowbrook @ 50” conference, Dickey holds a roundtable conversation with the PARCC community regarding upcoming federal civil service stakeholder convenings and the implications of design choices on research as well as stakeholder outcomes.
March 20, 2019. “Group Image, Strategy and Collective Myths in Illegal Contentious Activities of Contemporary China.” Enxin (Eddie) Gao is Visiting Research Professor at PARCC and an Associate Professor at the School of Public Administration, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China. Illegal contentious activity has become one of the most popular topics in Chinese studies. Who takes illegal collective action in China? Why would they choose such a strategy? Based on 2015 data of individuals that take part in illegal protests, this presentation will analyze the group image and the contentious strategy of protesters from the perspective of Crime Profiling and discuss the mobilization mechanism of illegal protests which may have more risks from the local government and angry protesting members.
March 7, 2019. "Two Koreas, Two Lives: From the Experiences of a North Korean Defector." Seongryeol Kim, Ph.D. Student in Social Science, Maxwell School, Syracuse University. At ten years old, Seongryeol Kim witnessed his first execution at a local market in his hometown in North Korea. These executions were part of his everyday life until he escaped to South Korea, just as had many thousands of North Koreans before him. Life in South Korea, while much improved, had created many barriers to integration. Seongryeol often faced discrimination by his South Korean peers for his background. Despite these challenges, he achieved academic greatness and made his way to the United States with a Fulbright Scholarship to study Chinese-North Korean foreign relations as a PhD student here at the Maxwell School. Seongryeol Kim will discuss his upbringings in North and South Korea and how his experiences shaped his identity.
February 27, 2019. "In-Between Places: Migration, Identity, and the Politics of Migrants' Journeys from Central America." Jared Van Ramshorst, PhD candidate in the Department of Geography at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. Every year, hundreds of thousands of migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras risk their lives attempting to reach the U.S. Whether traveling by foot or riding atop large freight trains, migrants spend weeks, months, and even years in transit, encountering incredible dangers along the way. Despite this, scholars and policymakers alike have tended to focus on places of origin and destination, rather than the spaces in-between. Focusing on migrants’ journeys and the spaces between origin and destination, this talk emphasizes the importance of mobility and transit in understanding identity and the politics of migration in North and Central America.
February 20, 2019. "Battlefront Assemblages: Exploring the War-Media Nexus in the Ongoing Ukrainian Conflict." Olga Boichak, Ph.D. Candidate in Social Science at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. Digital media have contributed to a shifting set of conditions that constitute present-day warfare. Shaping individual and public perceptions of wartime realities, online platforms facilitate the emergence of new actors and strategies of political mobilization. The Ukrainian conflict provides a rich empirical context to study public participation in military affairs: thousands of self-mobilized individuals, known as the battlefront volunteers, used digital media to resist an impending occupation by supporting the Ukrainian troops. Setting digitally-networked activism against the backdrop of this military conflict, this presentation explores the geopolitical implications of nonviolent grassroots resistance.
February 13, 2019. "Decentralization, Development, and Conflict in Central Mali: An Actor-Level View." Andy Korn, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Anthropology, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs and Director
of the Conflict Management Center.
In the midst of worsening conflict in Mali, newly implemented decentralized governments hold out the prospect for peace and stability. Some analysts view successful decentralization as essential to the preservation of the Malian state, but even though it has been included in past and current peace agreements, progress in establishing decentralized institutions and providing sufficient resources for effective local governance is slow. This ethnographic project examines whether decentralized government in Mali enhances participatory development by giving local populations greater opportunities to influence decision-making. It analyzes complex webs of relations involving local government, citizens, and development agencies, each of whom is attempting to influence the development agenda.
February 6, 2019. “When Good People Do Something: The Actions of Two Romanians and a Salvadoran During the Holocaust.” Alexandru Balas, Associate Professor of International Studies at SUNY Cortland and Director of the Clark
Center for Global Engagement. What can regular people do in face of evil? What can mid-level bureaucrats do to fight against a regime which discriminates, oppresses and kills people that it doesn’t like? These are the driving questions that underline
Professor Balas’ presentation on the actions taken by George Mantello, Florian Manoliu, and Jose Arturo Castellanos, three regular, mid-level bureaucrats, during the Holocaust.
January 30, 2019. "Life in an Age of Death: War and the River in Bosnia and Herzegovina." Azra Hromadzic, Associate Professor and O'Hanley Scholar, Department of Anthropology at the Maxwell School of Citizenship
and Public Affairs. The majority of literature on wars understandably focuses on the horrific aspects of war, such as death, destruction, loss, displacement, trauma and despair. In this presentation, however, Professor Hromadžić will highlight that
life in war is not only brutal and disastrous, but also in some respect deeply joyful and at times even fun. This requires that we portray the real and horrific experiences of death and destruction, but that we also ask: what kind of life emerges
and unfolds in these injured landscapes? This presentation will show how during the Bosnian war and in the devastated city of ruins, Bihać, meaningful and joyful life materialized from more than just human relations.
Fall 2018 Conversations in Conflict Studies
November 28, 2018. “International Media and NGOs: Humility, Partnership, and Meaningful Impacts." Ken Harper, Associate Professor, Multimedia Photography & Design; Director, Newhouse Center for Global Engagement, S.I. Newhouse
School of Public Communications, Syracuse University. Professor Harper discussed the importance of humility when addressing the challenges and benefits of building long-term relationships using past media and visual projects.
November 14, 2018. "Uneven Geographies of Haiti and the Dominican Republic." Ainhoa Mingolarra Garaizar, PhD Student, Department of Geography, Maxwell School of Syracuse University. Haiti and the Dominican Republic share the
island known as Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea and a border of 236 miles that divides the island into two halves. Both nations-to-be had a common history and territory before Cristobal Columbus arrived to the island in 1492. Ainhoa Mingolarra Garaizar
discussed how colonial and postcolonial histories have shaped uneven geographies on each side of the island, with episodes of conflict and cooperation, since the arrival of Columbus.
November 8, 2018. "Conceptualizing and Understanding Resistance to Inclusive Peace Negotiations." Esra Cuhadar, Jennings Randolph Senior Fellow, USIP and Associate Professor, Bilkent University and Senior Fellow, Inclusive Peace
and Transition Initiative. This talk is to expand our understanding of resistance to inclusive peace negotiations focusing on: who resists against whose participation, when, why, and how resistance to inclusion in peace processes takes place. Resistance
is defined as the behaviors of particular person(s) or group(s) that undermine the successful design and/or implementation of an inclusive peace negotiation/process. It can occur at different stages of a peace process: before an inclusive negotiation
process is decided, during the negotiation process, or in the aftermath during the implementation of a peace agreement.
November 7, 2018. “Communication and Conflict.” Steven Pike, Assistant Professor, S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications, Syracuse University. Communication sits at the core of both conflict and conflict resolution, in
such forms as diplomacy, negotiation, reputation, credibility, naming and shaming, informing, provoking, condemning. Understanding some of the tools of communication, and how they can be used and misused, provides conflict resolution practitioners
and scholars useful models for their work.
October 31, 2018. “U.S.-China Relations: Where We Are Headed.” Honorable James Steinberg, Professor of International Affairs at Syracuse University. Recent developments over trade and maritime disputes raise many questions about
the current state of U.S.-China relations. Prof. James B. Steinberg will discuss the current U.S.-China relations and how present actions may shape their economic and diplomatic dynamics in the future.
October 17, 2018. "The Code of Putinism." Brian Taylor, Professor and Chair, Political Science, Maxwell School of Syracuse University. Professor Taylor discussed his recently published book "Code of Putinism." This book explains
the mentality of Putin, the people around him, and the Russian populace after the collapse of the Soviet Union and how that has impacted Russian politics over last two decades. His findings challenge the assumption that the Russian leader is a cold-blooded,
calculated realist and presents an argument in which feelings, habits and ideas have as much of a sway on Putin and his decisions as do his self-interests.
October 10, 2018. "Peace in Colombia: Problems and Prospects in Rural Antioquia." Zachary Krahmer, Photographer and Filmmaker. The Colombian National Government and the Armed Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP) ratified
a final peace agreement 22 months ago, outlining a timeline for demobilization, transitional justice, and social/economic reintegration of 7,000 armed combatants, formally ending the 53-year civil war. A failure by the government to properly implement
the accords is threatening to derail the peace process in rural areas of the country. Zachary spent several months throughout Ituango in 2016 and 2017, completing a variety of journalism and photography projects related to the demobilization process.
He will discuss his work and contextualize the return of armed actors and dissident groups in the region.
October 3, 2018. "Reality Check: Environment, Economy, Militarism, Democracy." Robert Shetterly, Artist and Founder of Americans Who Tell the Truth Project. Robert spoke in a general way about the mythic assumptions in the U.S.
underlying issues such as environment, economy, militarism and democracy and where we really are, how they are intertwined, and what, then, that means about what we need to be doing to either align ourselves with reality, change it, or be changed
by it. Since 2002 he has been painting the series of portraits Americans Who Tell the Truth, a project that highlights citizens who have courageously
addressed issues of social, environmental, and economic fairness.
September 26, 2018. "Good Things Go Together?" Guest Speaker: Dimitar Gueorguiev, Assistant Professor Political Science, Syracuse University. Good governance and democracy promotion are usually discussed in tandem and many international
organizations promote both as complements, but do improvements in governance translate into more democracy? In this talk, I discuss advances in governance promotion and prospects for democratic deepening using cross-national data and discussion of
China as a critical case.
September 19, 2018. "Intergroup Dialogue, Social Power, and Conflict Transformation." Diane Swords, Instructor, Intergroup Dialogue Program, Syracuse University. Longstanding intractable conflicts around identities are rooted
in inequalities of social and material power. Intergroup dialogue is one intervention in such conflicts. This presentation shares tools embedded in the academic intergroup dialogue (IGD) model that address power imbalances. It also provides opportunity
for a dialogic exchange around the experience of attendees in power-laden conversations.
September 12, 2018. "Social Justice Organizing in the Age of Trump." Andy Mager, Project Co-Coordinator for Rise Up, a project of the Syracuse Center for Peace and Social Justice. Here in Central New York and across the country
there has been a massive upsurge in activism since the 2016 Presidential election and resulting shifts in policy. Locally, people have organized to protect immigrants and refugees, maintain healthcare, safeguard gains made by women, people of color
and other targeted groups, defend democracy and more. This Conversation will look at lessons learned here in Central New York and recommend paths forward for community organizers and activists seeking to work effectively. Andy Mager is the coordinator
of RiseUp Social Action Training and Education. A longtime activist here in Central New York, Andy works at Syracuse Cultural Workers and organizes with the Syracuse Peace Council and the CNY Solidarity Coalition.
Spring 2018 Conversations in Conflict Studies
April 25, 2018. “Genocide & Mass Atrocity Prevention: Emerging Infrastructures and Practices.” Owen Pell, Partner at White & Case LLP. The last 15-20 years has seen the field of genocide and mass atrocity prevention emerge from
the broader field of human rights studies. Prevention studies aim to move beyond how and which rights are defined and recognized under international law, and crisis intervention. By contrast, prevention studies focuses on better identifying, measuring,
and interdicting or interrupting the processes which result in outbreaks of genocide and mass atrocity crimes, and on making societies more resilient in preventing outbreaks of genocide or mass atrocity violence. This new focus, which has paralleled
the UN’s focus on the Responsibility to Protect, has begun to foster new infrastructure for addressing genocide prevention, and new practices for engaging within government, among governments, and, among corporations, civil society, and governments.
April 18, 2018. “The Construction of Group Identity in the Facebook Discourse of a Mexican Autodefensa.” Sylvia Sierra, Assistant Professor, Department of Communications and Rhetorical Studies, Syracuse University. Critical
Discourse Analysis (CDA) studies have primarily been restricted to analyzing mainstream political discourse and often right-wing or even fascist discourse. Meanwhile, Mautner (2005) notes that CDA has been reluctant to engage with computer-mediated
communication (CMC) (Herring, 1996), while CMC scholars have not necessarily engaged with the socio-political contexts of data (Unger 2012). CDA studies have only just begun to examine how social media networks can be an instrumental part of the
discourse of resistance in political movements around the world (e.g., Chiluwa 2012). In this study, I combine a CDA framework with computer-mediated discourse analysis to investigate the emergent group identity of the Mexican autodefensa (self-defense)
movement (2013 to present), a grassroots social and political movement formed by ordinary Mexican citizens to fight against drug cartel control. I analyze the discourse of one autodefensa’s Facebook page (autodefensa Sahuayo, Michoacán), showing how
their group identity emerges online in opposition to the cartels via their performative construction of binarity, or positive self- and negative other-presentation, which relies on their increasingly explicit intensified nomination and predication
of themselves and the cartels against which they are fighting as well as their topoi, or simplified arguments, regarding religion, family, and struggle which function to legitimize their actions offline. This CDA study shows how a Mexican autodefensa
engages in discursive construction of group identity in a social media context.
April 11, 2018. “We Can Neither Confirm Nor Deny: A History of Mexico’s Clandestine Prisons and the Use of Torture Since 1970.” Gladys McCormick, Associate Professor, History and the Jay and Debe Moskowitz Chair in Mexico-US
Relations at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs of Syracuse University. This presentation tracks the evolution of government-sanctioned clandestine prisons and the use of repressive techniques inside them as part of counterinsurgency
efforts against guerrilla groups in Mexico. It studies detention centers inside military bases, government buildings, and civilian neighborhoods in places such as Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Acapulco. In analyzing these spaces, the presentation
focuses on how they were designed to facilitate both hard and soft forms of coercive interrogation techniques. From inside the holding cells to the torture chamber itself, the paper follows the choreography of what is referred to as “depth” interrogation
to discuss how the torturer broke down the victim through the manipulation of psychological techniques facilitated by such spaces. It concludes that the design of clandestine prisons and the techniques employed inside of them against so-called subversives
marked the start of a diametrically different form of political repression than what was used before, one that continues to be widely observed in today's Drug War.
April 4, 2018. “The Ambiguous Meaning of Open Government: Canadian Journalists, Parliamentarians and Bloggers Define Open Government Differently." Simon Kiss, Associate Professor, Digital Media and Journalism and Leadership,
Wilfrid Laurier University. The results of a 2014 survey of Canadian parliamentarians, journalists and bloggers in which respondents were asked to rank competing definitions of open government. Overall, respondents preferred to define open government
in terms of access to information and sources. However, we also found that respondents in the different positions rank definitions of open government differently. Government parliamentarians are less likely than opposition parliamentarians to define
open government in terms of access to information and politicians being accessible and accountable, while journalists are more likely to do so. In addition, government politicians are much less likely than opposition politicians to define open government
in terms of making officials and technical experts available to answer questions. These results suggest that key actors in the Canadian policy landscape define open government in ways that are consistent with their institutional interests. We suggest
that this reflects ways in which open government operates more like a buzzword. This helps to explain the all too common pattern whereby opposition parties make promises to be more open, and, after taking power, operate in less than open ways.
March 28, 2018. "Smog or Heat: The Controversy over China’s Combating Air Pollution and Its Governance Implications." Ya Li, Visiting Research Professor at PARCC and Professor, School of Public Administration, Beihang University,
Beijing, China and Director of the Laboratory for Deliberative Policy Analysis (LDPA) and the Center for Public Dispute Resolution (CPDR), both at the same University. The northern part of China has suffered severe smog for a long time. It seems that
China is winning the war against air pollution at a record pace. Some actions are extraordinary and controversial. In the past winter, for example, several provinces surrounding Beijing launched an aggressive coal elimination campaign. Coal sales
were prohibited and coal boilers for winter heating were forcefully removed, before gas replacements were available. Many families and even schools suffered a cold winter without heat. The talk will present China’s anti-air-pollution efforts and
outline the ambition and options of phasing out coals. It will focus on the disputes arisen from the winter campaign, the new way of decision-making, as well as its wider implication – the shift pattern of governance.
March 21, 2018. “War’s Inefficiency Puzzle: An Examination Using Non-Cooperative Game Theory.” Shane Sanders, Associate Professor, Sports Economics & Analytics, Falk College of Sport & Human Dynamics, Syracuse University. Fearon
(1995) demonstrates within a continuous choice, contest model that conflict is inefficient (payoff-decreasing) when a settlement option exists. Why, then, is conflict observed in various forms? We demonstrate Fearon’s puzzle within a discrete choice,
game-theoretic model of conflict (i.e., within a simplified or stylized game setting that serves to mimic Fearon’s payoff setting). We call the game Fight or Settle. Within the game, settlement division (e.g., over a conflicted territory) raises
expected payoffs as compared to conflict division. Despite being payoff-dominated, however, conflict division represents a unique Nash equilibrium within the game Fight or Settle. As such, we can characterize Fight or Settle as a Prisoner’s Dilemma
or Tragedy of the Commons type game, whereby an inefficient outcome occurs as a result of players independently (non-cooperatively) choosing a strategy.
March 7, 2018. "Loose Nukes Revisited: the Challenge of Preventing Technology Spread to Nuclear Aspirant States.” Renee deNevers, Associate Professor of Public Administration and International Affairs. This talk will cover current
knowledge about the sources of North Korea’s advances in missile technology, and examine the mechanisms by which the U.S. and the international community have sought to prevent the spread of nuclear and missile technology since the end of the Cold
February 28, 2018. "Public Participation for 21st Century Democracy: Rethinking our Civic Infrastructures.” Tina Nabatchi, Associate Professor in Public Administration and International Affairs at the Maxwell School, Syracuse
University. Democracy is often described as ‘government of the people, by the people, for the people.’ We can easily recognize how representative democracy deals with the ‘of’ and ‘for’ – but where are we when it comes to ‘by’? What could government
and residents gain in terms of better public policy and more effective program and service delivery if we encouraged and harnessed the many voices of ordinary people? Filled with examples, this presentation explores the forms of public participation,
and explains how giving good process, activating local leaders and networks, using the building blocks of participation, and providing systemic supports can help us rethink our local civic infrastructures and advance governance for 21st century democracy.
February 21, 2018. “Secularization of the Rohingya Community: Why has the Rohingya problem become intractable?” Kyaw Zeyer Win, MA-IR Candidate, Maxwell School, Syracuse University. In the last five years the Rohingya community
has been subject to renewed waves of anti-Muslim propaganda and accompanying violence, killings and systematic marginalization that aim both to permanently disenfranchise and to displace them from their native land. The relaxation of media restrictions
alongside the ongoing political liberalization in Myanmar has exacerbated this situation. The brutal ‘clearance operations’ inflicted upon the Rohingya community in 2017 has seen more than 650,000 people flee across the border to Bangladesh amidst
reports of extrajudicial killings, sexual violence and arson by Myanmar’s state military Tatmadaw. While the United Nations has declared this to be a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing” (UNOHCHR 2017a), the attacks on government targets have validated
many Myanmar citizens’ long held belief that the Rohingya pose a threat to their nation and an existential threat to Buddhism, the majority religion. So why has the Rohingya problem become so intractable? I am going to present how over time the Burmese
military government “securitized” the ethnic Rohingya community based on different interests and ambitions, portraying the Rohingya ethnic group as an existential threat to the state and society. I then go on to demonstrate how these narratives are
reproduced and reinforced by horizontal and bottom-up securitization processes.
February 14, 2018. "Conflict Mitigation and Peacebuilding through Skills Development." Catherine Gerard, Director, Program for the Advancement of Research on Conflict and Collaboration (PARCC), Associate Director, Executive Education
Programs, Adjunct Professor of Public Administration, Maxwell School of Syracuse University. According to the United Nations Development Program, “Peacebuilding involves a range of measures targeted to reduce the risk of lapsing or relapsing into
conflict by strengthening national capacities at all levels for conflict management, and laying the foundations for sustainable peace and development.” Peacebuilding is then a broad term encompassing many approaches and, often, differing expectations.
PARCC faculty have been engaged in several projects in Belize, Jordan, and Israel aimed at conflict mitigation and capacity building between groups. Scholars posit that successful intergroup work requires prolonged and involve co-operative activity
that is purposeful. In addition, we believe that individuals require a high level of conflict management skills. This “Conversation” will touch on the designs, underlying theories of change, pitfalls, and challenges of sustainability.
February 7, 2018. "Vision, Voice, and Technology: Is There a Global 'Open Government' Trend?" Sabina Schnell, Assistant Professor of Public Administration and International Affairs. “Open government” is being hailed as a new
governance paradigm. But while everybody pays lip-service to it, are governments around the world becoming more open? I look at changes in both the meaning and the practice of government openness around the world in the last decades. A few main trends
are identified. First, the technological meaning of openness is increasingly supplanting the rights-based understanding of it. Second, even though more and more countries are joining global transparency and openness initiatives, global averages on
budget transparency or open data have barely budged. Third, while autocracies are catching up to democracies in terms of using online tools to inform and consult citizens, we see an incipient democratic rollback around the world, including a shrinking
space for civil society. Yet, the most significant changes in government transparency (“vision”) and citizen participation (“voice”) have gone hand-in-hand with processes of democratization. I conclude that, if we narrow down government openness to
a set of tools and technologies used at will, as opposed to a set of legally embedded rights that guarantee access to information and participation independent of who is in power, we risk ending up with governments that are more closed rather than
more open to genuine societal inputs.
January 31, 2018. ''Don’t Be Critical: The Rise of 'Collaborative Thuggery.''' Robert Rubinstein, Distinguished Professor of Anthropology and Professor of International Relations
at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University, where from 1994-2011 he directed the Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflicts (PARC). His work focuses on medical anthropology and public health, and on multilateral responses to complex emergencies.
the publication of Barbara Gray’s germinal work Collaborating: Finding Common Ground for Multiparty Problems in 1989, collaboration has become widely valued in public and private discourse. In this conversation I will discuss how collaboration morphed
from being an important tool for joint action to becoming a moral good, indeed a cudgel limiting civil discourse, marking critical disagreement as bad, and hiding the contested nature of some public policies. I consider the promotion of collaboration
as a façade obscuring pre-planned actions, a smokescreen for the lack of real public participation in policy development. The result, “Collaborative Thuggery,” harms rather than improves civil discourse.
January 24, 2018. “Women and the Kachin Conflict.” S. Hkawng Naw,
Executive Master of Public Administration Graduate Student, Maxwell School, Syracuse University. Women and children are suffering the most in the armed conflict in the northern part of Myanmar. Beginning in 2011, the armed conflict emerged between
the Burmese government army and the Kachin Independent Army (KIA), which ended a seventeen-year ceasefire. Due to the conflict, there are more than a hundred thousand people displaced, the majority of whom are women and children. In the conflict,
many Kachin women experience sexual violence, including rape-murder by the Burmese army, and they are forgotten victims. Moreover, lack of refugee protection and shortages of humanitarian aid have become significant new push factors driving human
trafficking to China. It has been difficult for Kachin activists and civil society groups to lobby and advocate through the UN and the international community to find justice for these victims.
Fall 2017 Conversations in Conflict Studies Series
November 29, 2017. "Sisterhood at Stake: An Anthropological Perspective on Feminist NGOs in Colombia
." Carolina Arango Vargas
, Director of the Conflict Management Center (CMC) at PARCC and PhD Candidate in Cultural Anthropology
with a Certificate in Advance Studies in Women’s and Gender Studies from Syracuse University. Dialogue programs address community concerns and encourage understanding across racial, ethnic, religious, and community differences. How can dialogue help
with having difficult conversations among diverse groups of participants? What types of challenges do dialogue programs face? How do we think about dialogue as a structured process and not “just talk?”
November 15, 2017. "Healing Memories Through
Art: A Screening of the Film, One Day in the Life of Javier Antonio
." Dashel Hernandez
, EMPA Candidate, the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University and Maria Marino
, MPA Candidate, School of Public
Policy and Administration, University of Delaware. The process of healing emotions must start with the healing of memory. Painful memories are not easy to heal, mostly because healing in this context is defined as forgetting. However, burying painful
memories in the subconscious mind only causes them to rise again, yielding more pain and impeding a positive transformation. Art may offer the possibility of healing memories by transforming emotions. Since memory is as an active and constructive process,
the emotional pain associated with these memories may be positively changed when, over time, we are willing to witness them kindly and without confrontation. At the same time, I believe that this process of healing personal memories may play a positive
role in transforming collective memories. Fueled by the power of storytelling, One Day in the Life of Javier Antonio (2017) is an exercise in non-resistance contemplation of Hernandez's own childhood memories and, by extension, his generation’s collective
memory of a difficult time in Cuba.
November 8, 2017. "Migration in Europe: Institutional Framing, Conflicts and their Management
." Isidor Wallimann
, Visiting Research Professor at PARCC and Professor Emeritus of Sociology,
Economics and Social Policy at the University of Applied Sciences Northwest Switzerland, Basel. Major migration flows in Europe are putting pressure on key institutions, including the economy, labor unions, education, gender and social policy, naturalization
policy, and human rights charters. Dr. Isidor Walliman reviewed regional and national migration patterns. Conflicts relating to migration were discussed as well as implications for institutional change.
November 1, 2017. “Sustainable Change in a Fractured World
, Associate Professor, SUNY- Environmental Science and Forestry. At both global and national scales, we are living in a political milieu shaped to a significant degree by polarization. Within the United States, while people’s views
on policy have not changed dramatically over the years, the levels of political and social sorting have. This polarization takes place against a background of concern about environmental changes, also at levels from the local to the global. In this Conversation,
Hirsch draws on the scholarship of Bryan Norton and Chantal Mouffe to discuss the challenges inherent in fostering sustainable change in a fractured world, and on his own experience as a facilitator to discuss what it might take in the way of approach,
capacities, and tools to engage those challenges.
October 25, 2017. "The Syrian Civil War and Western Intervention: 1606-1607
." Brian A. Brege
, Assistant Professor, Department of History, Syracuse University. An intricate, multi-sided conflict, framed as a rebellion
against the tyrannical existing regime in Syria leads local rebels to seek to form an axis stretching from Lebanon to Iran. Imaginations fired by the prospect of overthrowing a long-despised foe and persuaded by a highly-educated exile’s critique, Western
intervention begins with the covert supply of artillery and naval support. Threatened by an aggressively expansive Iran’s recent military triumphs in the region, a massive Turkish army delivers the decisive blow against Kurdish rebels in Aleppo, forcing
the flight of a Maronite leader in Lebanon compromised by European patronage into exile in Italy. The eerie resonances of Syria in 1606-1607 with present trials and tribulations need not lead to fatalism or resigned sighs about the graveyards of empires,
but they do call for attention to the role of enduring structures. Examining the role of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany’s military intervention in this earlier civil war, this presentation considers the contingent and structural features of the conflict that
resulted in rebel defeat and devastation in Aleppo.
October 18, 2017. "Did Osama Bin Laden Win?
" David M. Crane
, Professor of Practice at Syracuse University College of Law . From 2002 to 2005, Crane was the founding
Chief Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, an international war crimes tribunal, appointed to that position by Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan. Serving more than 30 years in the US federal government, Crane was appointed
to the US Senior Executive Service in 1997. Professor Crane teaches international criminal law, international humanitarian law, and national security law at the College of Law. In this Conversation, Professor Crane gave a review of the issues and perspectives
of how America has changed since 9/11.
October 11, 2017. "Organizational Change and Conflict: The Case of Amnesty International
Guest Speakers: Steve Lux
, Director, Executive Education Programs at the Maxwell
School, Syracuse University and Tosca Bruno
, Director of the TNGO Initiative at the Moynihan Institute at the Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
October 4, 2017. "The Power of Dialogue: Building Understanding and Community in Syracuse." Peter Willner, Director, The Ahmad and Elizabeth El-Hindi Center for Dialogue at InterFaith Works of CNY. Dialogue programs address community
concerns and encourage understanding across racial, ethnic, religious, and community differences. How can dialogue help with having difficult conversations among diverse groups of participants? What types of challenges do dialogue programs face? How
do we think about dialogue as a structured process and not “just talk?” A dialogic exercise among the attendees may occur; if so, attendees are encouraged to fully participate.
September 27, 2017. "An
Olive Agenda: Transforming Conflict through Economics, Ecology and Faith." Brian E. Konkol, Dean of Hendricks Chapel, Syracuse University. This presentation explored how faith communities can promote an “Olive Agenda” that transforms
the conflict between “brown agendas” of economic opportunity and “green agendas” of environmental sustainability. While both the brown and green agendas are essential for the promotion of life, the proponents of each seem to be at odds with adherents
of the other. For example, far too many with a “brown agenda” believe that the best way to reduce poverty is to reduce environmental controls, and to the contrary, those engaged with the “green agenda” too often place the needs of the Earth before
the livelihoods of the poor and marginalized. An Olive Agenda — one that combines green and brown — provides a profound metaphor that, according to the late Steve de Gruchy, “ …holds together that which religious and political discourse rends apart:
Earth, land, climate, labor, time, family, food, nutrition, health, hunger, poverty, power and violence.”
September 20, 2017. "A New Model of Collaborative Governance: Deliberative Policy Analysis and Deliberative Think Tanks
." Ya Li
, Visiting Research Professor and Fulbright Scholar, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public
Affairs, Syracuse University. Deliberative Policy Analysis (DPA) is a specific kind of policy inquiry based on a public deliberation and dispute resolution process involving relevant parties and citizens, aiming to provide insights for policy makers or
collaborative partners. Compared with mainstream policy analysis, DPA can better adapt to the requirement of collaborative governance or the demand of policy analysis in a networked society. A major research problem in this field is how to render DPA
more operable. Deliberative think tanks (DTT), or deliberative consulting institutes, might work as an effective organizational solution for DPA practice. This was a brief introduction to DPA, including its principles and promises, and discuss the ideas
and conceptual models of the DTT. A recent case of DPA practice in a collaborative governance context will be introduced. Some future research issues regarding DTT was discussed.
September 13, 2017. "Sacraments
as Weapons: Kyriarchy and Women’s Resistance in the 19th-Century Convent
." Margaret Susan Thompson
, Associate Professor, History and Political Science, Syracuse University. This talk focused on extensive and repeated examples in 19th-century
conventual archives of sacraments being used by clerics—and sometimes by female superiors, as well—as weapons to control both the spirituality and the behavior of Catholic sisters. These nuns repeatedly experienced the sacraments—or, more accurately,
the deprivation of sacraments—as instruments of power and control wielded by priests and hierarchs against vowed women who were considered to be deviant or insufficiently submissive. The intent is to analyze the phenomenon as more than just a collection
of exceptional or arbitrary cases, but rather as systemic and oppressive behavior. What might appear as an aberrant example if the focus is on only one community can emerge as part of an important pattern by using a broader analytical lens.
Spring 2017 Conversations in Conflict Studies Series
April 26, 2017. "What is China's 'New Normal' Economy?
" Ru Wang
, Associate Professor of Economics and the Deputy Director of the Government Economics Research Center at the Chinese Academy of Governance. Ru Wang’s research
focuses on Environmental Economics and Internet Economics. She was a visiting scholar at PARCC for the 2016-2017 academic year. As a member of important think tank, some of her research and consulting recommendations were accepted by federal government
of China and influenced public policies. In this speech, she will talk about the "New Normal" economy of China and analyze the reasons of the slow down, the serious challenges, and the emerging new economic phenomenon.
April 19, 2017. "Religion, Politics, and the Costs of Bias: Community, National & Global Perspectives." Miriam F. Elman, Associate Professor of Political Science and PARCC Research Director in International and Intra-state Conflict
and Corri Zoli, Director of Research, Institute for National Security and Counterterrorism, Syracuse University and Research Assistant Professor, Political Science.
April 12, 2017. "Lessons in Assessing Problems and Using Collaboration for Breakthrough Results."
Kathryn Ruscitto, Former President and Chief Executive Officer at St. Joseph’s Hospital Health Center. She has had a career in public and private organizations which faced major issues. She solved them successfully using the collaborative
models which she will reflect on during the discussion. She is a graduate of Maxwell and considers the classes from PARCC as having been essential in her career.
April 5, 2017. "The Political Construction of the International Space Station."
H. Lambright, Professor in Public Administration & International Affairs at the Maxwell School. In 2011, the final segment of the International Space Station (ISS) was joined to existing components orbiting the Earth. ISS thus accomplished
“assembly complete.” It had taken 27 years from President Reagan’s initiation decision to reach this point. The cost is usually put at $100 billion. ISS is now in the utilization stage, at least until 2024. What is most significant about ISS may be
that five space agencies, involving 16 nations, made it happen. Holding a coalition together that long despite innumerable tensions within the group and pressures from outside was daunting. The most important and interesting relationship was that
between the U.S. and Russia. Cold War rivalry with the Soviet Union helped catalyze the project, and post-Cold War symbolism and arms control induced President Clinton to shift the relation to one of alliance with Russia. Conflict and cooperation
were always present. The history of ISS’s construction holds many lessons for anyone interested in what it takes to accomplish bold and complex goals, especially those entailing technologies new to the planet—and space.
March 29, 2017. "Perceptions on Public and Private Partnerships In Costa Rica." Alvaro Salas, Ph.D. Student in Public Administration and International Affairs at the Maxwell School. This study attempts to understand the perceptions
and beliefs of public officials and representatives from various decision-making groups that are relevant to the public and private partnership fields and transportation infrastructure policies in Costa Rica. This research will serve at least three
purposes. First, it will help parse out various perspectives on transportation infrastructure. Second, the results will inform research in several areas, including transportation infrastructure policy, public-private partnerships, and public participation
and civic engagement. Finally, it will elucidate themes in this area that are worthy of future research. The hope is that this research will generate both academic and practitioner-oriented publications and presentations.
March 22, 2017. "Stakeholder Representation in Collaborative Governance." Julia Carboni, Assistant Professor, Public Administration and International Affairs at the Maxwell School will discuss her research on collaborative
governance and stakeholder representation.
March 8, 2017. "Isolate or Engage: A Battle of Two Conflicting Ideas." Guest Speakers: Jena Daggett, MSPR/MAIR Candidate '18, Nate Fritz, MAIR Candidate '17, Brooke Hirsheimer, MSPR/MAIR Candidate '18, Jennifer VanRiper, MPA/MAIR Candidate '18. Students discussed whether the U.S. should engage or isolate adversarial states in a debate format.
March 1, 2017. "Connecting the Arts to the Larger Social Agenda: Lessons on Collaboration." Mark Nerenhausen, Director of Syracuse’s Janklow Arts Leadership Program. Learn the craft of attracting support and funding to a cause
you are passionate about in practical and easy ways. That might mean urban development, urban renewal, education, tourism, economic development, public diplomacy, international trade, and many other similar issues.
Thursday, February 23, 2017. "Trump vs. Media: Who Wins in the End?" Guest Panelists: Michael Park, Assistant Professor of Public Communication and Roy Gutterman, Associate Professor of Public Communication at the S.I.
Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse University. Last week, President Trump labeled the Media as the biggest enemy of the people. How did the situation get this bad? Who will win the battle in the end? Can the conflict be resolved
Thursday, February 16, 2017. "From Analyzing to Addressing Conflict: An Applied Anthropologist's Journey." Peter Castro, Associate Professor, Anthropology at the Maxwell School. Professor Castro talked about his personal and
professional change from a social science conflict analyst of international development and environmental issues to someone engaged more widely in addressing social and environmental conflicts, including at the policy and training levels with entities
such as the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the Near East Foundation. He recently received the Syracuse University Martin Luther King Jr. Unsung Hero Award.
February 8, 2017. "The U.S. - Japan Alliance and Taiwan: Alliance Strategy and Conflict Prevention." Erik French, Ph.D. Candidate in Political Science at the Maxwell School. How does America's longstanding alliance with Japan
factor into the complex challenges of deterrence, coercion, restraint, and reassurance in the Taiwan Strait? What strategy should US and Japanese policymakers utilize to manage relations with Taipei and Beijing?
February 1, 2017. "Set to Fail? The Dynamics of Command and Control in Regional Nuclear Powers." David Arceneaux, Political Science Ph.D. Candidate at the Maxwell School. That factors explain the origins of command and control
systems in regional nuclear powers? Why do some states implement robust technical and administrative controls over their nuclear arsenals, while others limit safeguards against unwanted nuclear use? This project draws upon interviews and declassified
archival material from India, Pakistan, and South Africa to demonstrate the effects of increased levels of direct military influence in politics on nuclear decision-making in regional nuclear powers.
January 25, 2017. "Pushing the Envelope: How Transparent Should Organizations Be?
" Michael Meath
, Adjunct Professor Syracuse University Newhouse School of Public Communications. When organizations are facing sensitive or crisis
situations, how transparent must they be? This discussion will explore the tension of business ethics and crisis communications, with some real-life examples. Michael Meath is a crisis communications consultant and educator with over 35 years of experience
working with CEOs, boards, and legal counsel on sensitive matters in healthcare, energy and education. He has managed public relations, legislative, regulatory, legal, and communications’ issues for over 500,000 customers.
Fall 2016 Conversations in Conflict Studies Series
November 16, 2016. "Gastrodiplomacy, the Use of Food as a Tool to Unite Diverse Populations." Jena Daggett was a McNair Scholar and received a National Science Foundation grant for research in conflict management and peace science.
Conflict is an ever-present part of life, from the most basic friendship squabble to large-scale wars. Lessening the conflict and increasing peacebuilding efforts can have great effect on issues ranging from healthcare to the economy. While researchers
have proposed and studied many tools for conflict management and building lasting peace, few have researched the effect of gastrodiplomatic strategies. Gastrodiplomacy, or the use of food as a tool to unite diverse populations, has become a tool for
nation branding during the last fifteen years. Because of its role as a common feature of humanity, its potential impact on minimizing conflict both domestically and internationally is large.
November 9, 2016. "An Exploratory Study on the Formation and Evolution of Nonprofit Board Network." Nara Yoon, Ph.D. Student in Public Administration. The focus of the study is to explore the formation and evolution of nonprofit
board’s network. The nonprofit sector contributed $905.9 billion to the US economy, composing 5.4 percent of the country’s GDP. Given the size of nonprofit sector in delivering social services, the nonprofit's performance has been an important question
for practitioners and scholars. There are many studies that suggest an importance of board network characteristics in explaining organizational outcomes. However, we don't know much about the initial process of how nonprofit board network is created
and evolves over time. I use longitudinal board list data (1997-2012) to examine how the nonprofits in Syracuse create network ties through their board’s social network.
November 2, 2016. "Student Working Group on Conflict." We invited students to come and share their thoughts on the different conflicts around the world and possible solutions. We hope through it to develop a think tank of students from
different parts of the world which will be providing alternative solutions to the modern day conflicts affecting the world.
October 26, 2016. "Collaborative Governance: Multiple Leaders, Multiple Accountabilities." Kirk Emerson,
Professor of Practice in Collaborative Governance, School of Government and Public Policy, University of Arizona, discussed leadership and accountability in collaborative governance regimes, drawing on a specific public lands collaboration in southern
Arizona. Dr. Emerson addressed the practice challenges of designing for and managing multiple leaders in an evolving collaborative system. She also explored how to elicit and foster the balancing of the multiple accountabilities of leaders to their
own organizations/constituents, collaborative group, own personal and professional interests/values/ethical obligations, and to the public at large. She encouraged discussion with the seminar participants and sharing of professional experiences and
October 19, 2016. "Overcoming Barriers to Reintegration." Olive Sephuma, Director Center for New Americans, InterFaith Works of CNY, discussed the resettlement and post-resettlement work involved in helping refugee families
fleeing conflict to re-establish their lives and overcome the barriers to successful integration in their new communities. The program she leads typically resettles 500-600 new refugees each year, and annually serves an additional 1,200 families who
have been in the U.S. for less than five years.
October 12, 2016. "Ethnic Election Voting Patterns in Africa, A Ticking Time Bomb: A Case Study of Zambia." Aaron Mwewa, Publisher and Parliamentary Editor and Mandela Washington Fellow 2015. This study looked at the past 3
general elections in Zambia in terms of the voting patterns in trying to establish a strong case of how people have tended to vote for particular candidates on the basis of their tribes. The ethnic polarization exposed by the election results shows
that there is so much hate, anger and negative dispositions among the people premised on ethnicity. In Africa, similar voting trends, led to deaths of millions of people in Burundi, Nigeria and Kenya. The discussion explored some of the strategies
which have been employed to address the problem which have been ineffective. The discussant offered some proposed solutions which can help to address the brewing conflict.
October 5, 2016. "Structural Violence in Syracuse." Timothy “Noble” Jennings-Bey and Arnett Haygood-El from the Street Addiction Institute, Inc., Syracuse, NY. This discussion focused on the social determinants of
trauma from neighborhood violence which are rooted in historical processes, including urban renewal, the Rockefeller drug laws, and de-industrialization. These contributed to destabilizing Syracuse communities of color, resulting in disproportionate
incarceration, family disruption, and economic devastation. Community violence, clustering in densely populated neighborhoods, creates unmanageable stress for the families who live in them.
September 28, 2016. "Building an Infrastructure for Peace." Louis Kriesberg, Emeritus Professor of Sociology and founder of PARC, led a discussion of the growth of thinking and structures conducive to peace, particularly since
the end of the Cold War. The insufficiency that infrastructure to meet the current challenges was noted. Possible paths toward a stronger and broader supportive environment were discussed. Finally, personal steps that might be taken to make progress
on those paths were invited and considered.
September 14, 2016. "Weird and Superstitious: Horrific Cinema and the Construction of American National Identity
." Kendall Phillips,
Professor of Communication and Rhetorical Studies at Syracuse University. Cinema became part
of the American popular culture during the latter half of the nineteenth century. During the same period, Americans were struggling with the shape and texture of their culture. This talk mainly focused on the place of superstition and spiritual beliefs
in the development of American cinema and national identity.
Spring 2016 Conversations in Conflict Studies Series
April 28, 2016. "Whose Program? Institutional Partnerships and the Sociality of International Development Work." Rebecca Peters, Assistant Professor, Public Administration and International Affairs. The pseudonymous Good Governance
in Angola Program (GGAP) was implemented in the post-war period by a consortium of three international NGOs working in partnership with the Angolan government. Despite formal memoranda of understanding, staff members of this democratization intervention
and its sponsoring bilateral aid agencies understood the terms of their collaboration--and its history--quite differently. In this case, discrepant perspectives on the program’s structure, purpose, and origins caused two parallel GGAP “consortia”
to arise. The first held greater responsibility for the program’s practical implementation and was composed of Angolan nationals. The second had more decision making influence over the program, and was repeatedly dissolved and reconstituted as expatriates
came and went. This discussion unraveled the GGAP's history through examining these different staff experiences and understandings of the program, using the case to examine the global rhetoric of development “Partnership” and the underlying inequalities
of such unions’ sociality.
April 22, 2016. "Mining, Conflict and Dialogue in Peru." Iván Ormachea Choque is President of ProDiálogo Prevención y Resolución de Conflictos in Peru. Since the beginning of the century,
Peru has experienced significant political and social changes, largely a result of the end of armed conflict, the introduction of neoliberal policies, and the increase of corporate investment to extract raw materials (mainly metals). Marked increases
in the price of metals enticed most major mining companies to start exploration projects. While subsequent improvements in the economy led to Peru being declared as one of the fastest growing economies of Latin America, with economic growth also came
an increased number of social conflicts and destructive consequences that threatened the core of Peru's democracy. Communities and extractive companies, mostly in the highlands, were forced to coexist, facing the challenge of building a collaborative
relationships based on trust. This talk dealt with experiences of the Peruvian NGO ProDiálogo in promoting -- in an impartial manner -- effective consensus building processes, mostly between mining companies and local communities. Some challenges
and lessons learned will be shared.
April 14, 2016. "Land Use, Forest Composition and Social Dependence on Forest Products of a Traditional Miao Village: a Case Study in Guizhou, China." Jin Yin, Ph.D. Candidate,
Environmental Science. In the last twenty-five years China has undergone dramatic changes in its economy as the country seeks modernization and development. The Miao, an ethnic minority people, who predominantly live in the forested regions of sub-tropical
southern China have accumulated centuries of traditional knowledge in forest management. The discussion and study documents the land use, forest composition and social and economic dependence of a remote Miao village that still retains its traditions.
The village is located within a National Ecological Reserve in Leishan County, Guizhou Province, in southwest China. Jin Yin is a Ph.D. Candidate at the Environmental Science School. She has a primary focus in biodiversity conservation, indigenous
knowledge, land use change, forest policy, remote sensing and ecosystem services . She received her graduate degree from Yale University with a research focus in Community-based Forest Management in China's Minority Areas.
April 7, 2016. "Skä·noñh—Great Law of Peace Center: Decolonizing Sacred Space." Philip P. Arnold, Associate Professor, Religion at Syracuse University, spoke about his work as the Director of Skä·noñh– The Great Law of Peace
Center, which tells the Indigenous story of the Haudenosaunee, also known as the Iroquois Confederacy. The center was created to educate and inspire primarily non-Haudenosaunee people about the importance of the Great Law Peace, the oral constitution
that has governed the Haudenosaunee for over a thousand years, and how it has influenced the unique form of democracy that U.S. citizens cherish today. Professor Arnold discussed its influence on the development of democracy, women’s rights, and the
United Nations. Arnold’s courses on the subject have grown increasingly popular, due to the rising number of students supported by the Haudenosaunee Promise Scholarship Program. He demonstrated SU’s vision of Scholarship in Action by presenting
programming that is affordable, accessible, and, most of all, congruent with the history of the area.
March 31, 2016. “Creating Change From Within: Engaging Syracuse University Students in Social Justice Work.” Tula Goenka,
Associate Professor of Television, Radio & Film at Syracuse University Newhouse School of Public Communications, talked about the different strategies she has used to engage Syracuse University students in social justice work with initiatives such
as the Syracuse Human Rights Film Festival, SU Rising, the SU Bollywood Summer Immersion Program and Newhouse-Ed Smith Media Literacy Day. Tula Goenka is a filmmaker, author, human rights activist and professor. She teaches courses in multimedia storytelling,
film production and Indian cinema, and started her filmmaking career as an editor for Spike Lee, James Ivory and Mira Nair, among others. She now produces and edits her own documentaries, including the award-winning PBS film "Dancing On Mother Earth,"
about singer/songwriter Joanne Shenandoah, "El Charango," about the musical instrument from Bolivia, and "Likhiya:Writing Stories with Mithila Art," a series of short films on artists from Madhubani, Bahir in India. She is the founder and co-director
of the annual Syracuse University Human Rights Film Festival and Digital Witness Symposium. In 2008, Goenka created the SU Bollywood program offered through SU Abroad, and has taken 51 Newhouse students to Mumbai for a month-long immersion.
March 24, 2016. "Tools of the Weak: The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and the UN Security Council." Cora True-Frost, Assistant Professor of Law at the Syracuse University College of Law. Desription:
The International Criminal Court (“ICC” or “the Court”) is an independent institution. It is mandated to prosecute “the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole.” Despite the Court’s formal autonomy, however, its
founding treaty, the Rome Statute, permits the powerful and political UN Security Council (“Council” or “UNSC”), inter alia, to refer to the Court situations, including those in non-State Parties, and to defer the Court’s ongoing proceedings. The
question of the Court’s ability to be effective is ripe as the ICC enters its fourteenth year of operations and continues to be beleaguered by criticism. Supporters worry about its longevity and have curtailed their expectations of the Court’s potential.
In addition, perceived bias, to the extent that states’ protests are sincere, has damaged states parties’ understandings of the independence and fairness of the Court—indeed, Kenya and South Africa have openly considered withdrawing from the Rome
Statute, and in January 2016, the African Union recommended that its Open-Ended Committee of African Ministers on the ICC consider a roadmap on possible withdrawal from the ICC. This talk explored one way the Prosecutor of the ICC might address effectiveness
and independence concerns: by declining future UN SC referrals, as well as the tradeoffs involved in that course of action.
March 10, 2016. "Land Use Conflicts and Resolution Mechanisms in Southern Ethiopia: Borana and Guji Communities."
John McPeak, Professor, Public Administration and International Affairs, discussed his most recent research paper that explores the determinants of different types of land-use disputes and mechanisms for settlement of land disputes in the
agro-pastoral and pastoral areas of Borana and Guji zones, southern Ethiopia. His analysis uses both household survey and qualitative interview data to address: the effects of location on types of land use disputes experienced by households; types
of boundary/border disputes experienced; the effects of location on type of institutional mechanism sought for dispute settlement; and level of satisfaction with the institutional mechanism sought for dispute settlement. Dr. McPeak drew upon his
research to discuss that significant spatial and scale differences in the incidence of conflict, and that different types of conflict are taken to different conflict resolution institutions. He concluded his discussion with the overall findings that
state that satisfaction with the outcome is not related to the conflict resolution institution selected, but there is some evidence that overall conflict and dissatisfaction with conflict resolution outcomes are more pronounced among the more mobile,
livestock dependent segment of the population than other groups.
February 25, 2016- "Immigrant Chinese Entrepreneurs in the Eastern Caribbean: Comparative Politics." Cecilia Green, Associate Professor of Sociology
and Yan Liu, Doctoral Student of Sociology at the Syracuse University Maxwell School. Professor Cecilia Green's research includes both historical studies of race, class, and gender formations in the Anglophone Caribbean and a contemporary
study of new Chinese entrepreneurial immigrants in the Eastern Caribbean. She is supervising Yan Liu's doctoral work on aspects of the same topic. They discussed Chinese entrepreneurs across three English-speaking islands in the Eastern Caribbean.
17, 2016- "Streets, Scum, and People: Discourses of Civility
in Postwar Bihac, Bosnia-Herzegovina." Azra Hromadzic, Assistant Professor, Anthropology at the Syracuse University Maxwell School. Building on ten years of ethnographic research in postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina, in this presentation
Dr. Hromadzic documented how the war and postwar contexts are generative of prolific discourses and practices of ‘civility’. Hromadzic understands civility as people’s strategic maneuvering of the extremely ethnicized—thus tender and intimate—postwar
social field. She is especially interested in ordinary people’s tactical employment of one particular register of civility. She argued that ordinary Bosnians-Herzegovinians employ discourses of “a cultured person” to establish innocence, to claim
moral purity, to seek recognition, and to protect their own and others’ dignity in everyday cross-ethnic encounters. In the process, people frequently establish urban as cultured and peaceful, and rural as uncultured and nationalist, and they dislocate
the responsibility for the war, violence and postwar decay from the civilized people. Hromadzic analyzed how these discourses of civility around culture represent a careful navigation of the fragile postwar context. She further asserted that they
serve as a critique of the contemporary disorder in the country, and they offer a narrow space for trans-ethnic solidarity, however tentative, exclusionary and provisional.
February 11, 2016- "Local Governance and Ethnic Conflict in Southern Mexico."
Cleary, Associate Professor, Political Science at the Syracuse University Maxwell School. Drawing on research and data collected over a period of several years, this talk explored the effect and geographic divisions on the provision of municipal
public services in southern Mexico. Municipal governments in Mexico are responsible for services like water provision and sewage, but in municipalities that have autonomous (indigenous) governments, or in municipalities that are ethnically divided,
provision of these services is often a source of political conflict and even violence. Understanding the contours of such conflicts is essential for an accurate evaluation of Mexico’s multicultural institutional framework.
February 4, 2016-
New York: How Riots, Uprisings, Revolts, and Revolutions Shape a City." Don Mitchell, Distinguished Professor, Geography laid out the background and goals of a large project, Revolting New York, which seeks to tell the story
of the role 350 years of riots, uprising, revolts, and revolutions have played in shaping the historical and social geography of the city. Along the way he raised questions about the productive role of violence -- organized and unorganized, rooted
in class and race differences -- in making, unmaking, and remaking the urban landscape. Riots and uprisings, Dr. Mitchell suggested, are like lightning flashes that illuminate the social structure of a city; but like a violent storm, they necessarily
change that social structure too.
January 28, 2016- "Selling Citizenship: Economic Development Tool or Shady Dealing? The Case of the Eastern Caribbean." Honorable Ron Green, Former Parliamentarian & Minister of Government Dominica. Should citizenship
be for sale? Economic citizenship programs violate traditionally accepted tenets of substantive citizenship, which include rootedness in a community, interaction with its institutions, long-standing residence, and participation in its political life.
Can such programs be a defensible part of a more comprehensive development strategy for small, economically constrained countries, or are they merely grandiose passport-selling schemes which put money in the pockets of corrupt politicians and provide
international wheeler-dealers with additional legal cover for shady business and political activities? Ron Green, former Minister of Government in the Caribbean island-nation of Dominica, led an informal discussion on current economic citizenship
programs in Dominica and other Eastern Caribbean states. This event was co-sponsored by the Institute for National Security and Counter Terrorism (INSCT), the Department of Sociology and Department of Anthropology at the Syracuse University Maxwell
School, and the The Department of African American Studies at Syracuse University.
Fall 2015 Conversations in Conflict Studies Series
September 9, 2015- “Work as unto the Lord:" Enhancing Employability in an Evangelical Job-Readiness Program
. Gretchen Purser
, Assistant Professor of Sociology at the Maxwell School, Syracuse University and Brian Hennigan
PhD candidate in Geography at the Maxwell School, Syracuse University. The 1996 passage of welfare reform radically reshaped poverty management in the U.S. On the one hand, it brought about an end to welfare as an entitlement and imposed rigid time limits,
work requirements, and a focus on “job-readiness.” On the other hand, it permitted and promoted the expansion of faith-based organizations in the provision of social services. This talk drew upon Purser and Hennigan’s collaborative ethnography of a prominent
faith-based job-readiness program. This program uses Biblical principles and teachings to expound on the moral irreproachability of work and to fabricate “employable” subjects who submit themselves to both God and the employer. At play is a project that
we call the “righteous responsibilization” of the poor. This case is used to extend existing accounts of religious neoliberalism.
September 15, 2015- "Turkish Foreign Policy and the Syrian War
." Dr. Soner Cagaptay,
Family fellow and director of the Turkish Research Program at the Washington Institute. He has written extensively on Turkish domestic politics and U.S.-Turkish relations, publishing in scholarly journals and major international print media, such as the
Wall Street Journal, Washington Post and New York Times. He is a contributor to CNN's Global Public Square blog. A historian by training, Dr. Cagaptay wrote his doctoral dissertation at Yale University (2003) on Turkish nationalism. He has taught courses
at different academic institutions including Yale, Princeton, Georgetown University, and Smith College. He is the author of Islam, Secularism, and Nationalism in Modern Turkey: Who is a Turk? (2006), and Turkey Rising: The 21st Century's First Muslim
Power (2013). Sponsored by the Middle Eastern Studies Program at the Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs and PARCC.
September 23, 2015- "Race, Religion,and the Political Incorporation of Contemporary Immigrants
." Prema Kurien
Professor of Sociology at Syracuse University's Maxwell School. Using a case study of Indian Americans, this presentation examined how race and religion interact to shape the political mobilization of contemporary immigrants. Indian Americans are becoming
politically active. What is particularly striking about this group is that they have mobilized around a variety of identities to influence U.S. policy. Some identify as Indian Americans, others as South Asians, and yet others on the basis of religious
identity as Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, and Christians. A growing group identifies in terms of their party affiliation as Democrats and Republicans. There is also an adult, second-generation population that is getting involved in civic and political activism
in very different ways than from their parents' generation. Dr. Kurien's research focused on a variety of Indian American advocacy organizations and found that differing understandings of race, as well as majority/minority status in India and in the United
States produced much of the variation in the patterns of civic and political activism of the various groups.
October 1, 2015- "Obama’s Foreign Policies: Tests of Conflict Resolution Applications?
" Louis Kriesberg
Maxwell Professor Emeritus of Social Conflict Studies, and founding director of the Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflicts. As President, Barack Obama had inclinations to pursue foreign policies in a constructive conflict manner. Furthermore,
to some degree he did apply conflict resolution ideas. Indeed, his record in dealing with foreign conflicts had some successes; but he also had failures. This poses many questions, including the following. Were successes attributable to applying a
constructive conflict approach? Might Obama have applied the constructive conflict approach more often? Were his attempts undermined by domestic opposition? Was the approach not applicable under the foreign circumstances?
October 8, 2015.
Promoting Peacebuilding in Darfur and Mali
." Peter Castro
, Associate Professor of Anthropology at Syracuse University's Maxwell School, discussed his fieldwork and research experience in East Africa - specifically Darfur, Sudan
and the country of Mali, while serving as a consultant for the Near East Foundation.
October 15, 2015. "The Rise of European Nationalism in Europe
." Seth Jolly
, Associate Professor of Political Science at Syracuse
University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. This talk focused on how the formation of the European Union has led to the emergence of regionalist mentalities. From this context, Professor Jolly discussed sub-national fragmentation, and
the diminishing economic and political advantages of larger states. He also framed current issues surrounding the pro-independence Scottish National Party and how similar perspectives are applicable to current nationalist attitudes expressed in the Spanish
region of Catalonia.
October 22, 2015. "Betting Maternal Health on Mobile Phones
." Nidhi Vij
, Ph.D. Candidate in Public Administration and International Affairs at Syracuse University's Maxwell School. Focused on mobile
phone use to enhance maternal health care policy awareness in India. Today, maternal health care remains an elusive concept in many rural areas in India. The low level of utilization of maternal healthcare benefits is due to the lack of awareness about
current policies. Mobile phones offer low cost assess to wide ranging informational networks. With the Government of India moving towards implementing a nation-wide mobile phone awareness campaign on maternal health, this talk looked at the potential
and pitfalls of implementing policy initiatives.
Thursday, October 28, 2015. "Black Spots
." Margaret Hermann
, Director, Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs, Gerald B. and Daphna Cramer Professor of Global Affairs,
Syracuse University, Maxwell School. Dr. Hermann and her team focus on mapping and monitoring the activities of transnational criminal organizations through the "states within states" that form the safe havens from which such groups operate. Like the
black holes in astronomy these laces, which they call black spots, are difficult to locate and identify, but pulsate with energy. Dr. Hermann spoke about her teams in-depth case studies of 95 black spots and insecurity flows between them. She also discussed
her teams monitoring methods for observing these criminal organizations and the ramifications for disrupting these black spots.
November 5, 2015. "Conflict and Security
Providers during Crisis in Yemen
." Bushra Mutahar Al-Huthi
is a child rights activist and a senior project officer at the child rights sector of the Yemeni Non-Governmental Organization, SOUL for Development. Mohammad Ali Al-Shami is
a Yemeni youth activist and a project coordinator for Saferworld. Brief Description: The speaker's goal was to help people understand the crisis situation in Yemen better, and focused on the formal/informal security providers and how they utilize different
conflicts to gain more interests; the rule of the militias, tribes, police and military.
November 12, 2015. "The Italian Job: The Abolition of Article 18
." Tod Rutherford
, Professor of Geography at Syracuse University
Maxwell School. Dr. Rutherford discussed his research on Italian work and employment reform policies. His research analyzes the implementation of employment protection policies that were established within Italy while he conducted primary fieldwork in
the region. He focused specifically on the abolition of Article 18 and the reform efforts established to reform Italian employment protection legislation.
November 18, 2015. "Health Development and Post Conflict Reconstruction in Kabul, Afghanistan
." Dr. Nilab Mobarez
, Fulbright Scholar, EMPA Candidate 2016 Maxwell School, Syracuse University. Dr. Mobarez is a country
director and one of the founders of a project to construct a teaching hospital after the release of Kabul from the Taliban. Dr. Mobarez believes that with perseverance we are able to lead a war torn country to build new institutions. She demonstrated
that humanitarian action should be based on development and not only assistance. In her talk, Dr. Mobarez discussed the role of private-public partnerships to create sustainability and foster governmental participation in post conflict reconstruction.
December 3, 2015. "Social media monitoring in the public sector: The role of digital volunteers during the #ParisAttacks
." Ines Mergel,
Associate Professor of Public Administration and International Affairs and PARCC
Description: The November terror attacks in Paris have shown the potential of social media for information vetting purposes. While formal emergency responders, embassies, and other government organizations moved valuable information
to social media platforms, digital volunteers from around the world were activated to monitor and vet social media content. The trusted online actors stepped in and filled the gap between citizens and formal responders to monitor rumors and hoaxes, diffuse
false information, and replicate formal information from government organizations. These Virtual Operation Support Teams fill an important role in an increasingly networked environment, when bureaucratic organizations have to focus on response and recovery
actions on the ground and don't have the resources and capacities to monitor social media minute-by-minute.
Spring 2015 Conversations in Conflict Studies Series
January 14, 2015- "Organizational Change in Transnational NGOs: Collaboration, Conflict and Unpleasant Conundrums
." Tosca Bruno
, Co-Director of the Trans-national NGO Initiative at the Moynihan Institute in the Maxwell School
of Syracuse University. The TNGO Initiative focuses on the governance, leadership and effectiveness of trans-nationally operating NGOs. Along with colleague Steve Lux, Tosca has worked with a number of major NGOs – Save the Children, Oxfam, CARE and Amnesty
International, among others -- to help them learn from major organizational change processes these NGOs have led and managed in recent years. The changes are often in part responses to major developments in the external environment of NGOs which pose
fundamental threats to their future relevance, credibility and effectiveness. When NGOs initiate major organizational change processes in their frequently complex organizations this inevitably triggers collaboration as well as conflicts. In this discussion,
Tosca shared her reflections on leading and managing change, conflict and collaboration.
January 21, 2015- "Media Development in Post Conflict Liberia; Ebola, Corruption and the Legacy of War.
" Ken Harper
of the Center for Global Engagement at the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse University. Mr. Harper spoke about the reality of working in post-conflict Liberia.
January 28, 2015- "Building a Participation Infrastructure for 21st Century Democracy
, Associate Professor of Public Administration and International Affairs, Faculty Research Director of Collaborative Governance at PARCC. Most would agree that public participation is foundational for democracy; however, the kinds
of participation processes we see today are largely unable to meet the needs (and wants) of citizens and public officials. In large part this is doing to an inefficient, ineffective, and outdated participation infrastructure. This talk will focus on how
to build a participation infrastructure for 21st century democracy – a task that is neither as abstract nor as difficult as it sounds.
February 4, 2015- "Strategic Reassurance and Resolve: US-China Relations in the 21st Century
g, Dean of the Maxwell School and University Professor of Social Science, International Affairs and Law. Dean Steinberg discussed his latest book where he and co-author Michael O’Hanlon discuss the U.S./China bilateral relationship,
the possibility of an arms race and subsequent confrontation.
February 11, 2015- "The Cosmopolis 2045 Project: Imagining an Intentional Future
." Arthur Jensen
, Professor, Senior Associate Dean, Communication and Rhetorical Studies, College of Visual and Performing Arts. Dr.
Jensen spoke about the content for a website being created by almost 50 global partners depicting a social community set in 2045 where the communication-centric focus of citizens has enabled them to re-imagine most functions of the community including
city government, police/public safety, education, healthcare, the court system and much more. The coordinated management of meaning (CMM) theory drives this effort, supported by the CMM Institute for Personal and Social Evolution (a coalition of communication
scholars and practitioners).
February 18, 2015- "Humanitarian-Military Collaborations: Challenges and Opportunities
." Robert Rubinstein
, Professor, Anthropology and International Relations, Maxwell School of Syracuse
University. This conversation explored how cultural factors affect the ability of military and humanitarian actors to work together to achieve common goals and how cultural factors affect work with local populations. The distinction between horizontal
interoperability and vertical interoperability will be explored, the usefulness of cultural model analysis will be considered and the ways in which power affects these relationships and identities were discussed.
February 25, 2015- "Whose Universality? Conflicting Rights
Claims in the Universal Periodic Review of Human Rights
." Michael Beckstrand
, Ph.D. Candidate Political Science and Director of the Conflict Management Center (CMC) at the Maxwell School Syracuse University. The United Nations Universal
Periodic Review examines the human rights practices of every country on a four year cycle. Drawing from the over 20,000 individual human rights recommendations and the over 3,400 NGO stakeholder testimonies from the UPR’s first cycle of state reviews
(2008- 2012), Mike outlined disparate patterns in the salience and acceptance of these purportedly "universal" rights and will discuss the promise and challenges for the continued advancement of human rights through this global mechanism given persistent
March 4, 2015-"Collaboration and Policy Analysis
." Catherine Gerard
, Director, PARCC Associate Director, Executive Education Programs Adjunct Professor of Public Administration Maxwell School of
Syracuse University. Professor Gerard discussed the National Science Foundation (NSF) Workshop: Curriculum Blueprint to Enhance Social Scientists’ Capacities to Create and Sustain Social Change at the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of
Texas at Austin which she recently attended. The workshop addressed the question: Can social and behavioral sciences researchers use their expertise to provide counsel and advice to policymakers in a manner that effectively contributes to the formulation
of innovative policies that lead to sustained social good? She will also discuss how collaboration can be used in policy development.
March 18, 2015- "Work, 're-entry' and perpetual punishment: The employment vulnerability of the formerly-incarcerated
, Assistant Professor, Sociology at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. While the barriers to employment facing the formerly-incarcerated have been well documented, relatively little is known about the actual work experiences
of this stigmatized, racialized and structurally-salient population. Purser will draw upon her research with 60 formerly-incarcerated men in Syracuse to address the qualitative character, and not just quantitative deficiency, of jobs available to those
at the very bottom of the labor market. These findings cast a critical lens on the project and practice of “re-entry” and highlight the dire need for labor to confront mass incarceration and the penalization of poverty. (Unfortunately this talk was canceled
due to illness.)
March 25, 2015- "The Temporal Roots of anti-Semitism and Its Impact on the Arab-Israeli Conflict." Amos Kiewe, Professor, Communication and Rhetorical Studies College of Visual and Performing Arts, Syracuse University. Professor
Kiewe explored the origin of anti-Semitism in Christian theology and its usage in Islam to ground modern and contemporary anti-Semitism. Professor Kiewe took a rhetorical perspective to argue the case and consider the possibility that anti-Semitism has
complicated discussions about the Arab-Israeli conflict.
April 1, 2015 "Hidden Abodes: Politicizing Industrial Ecologies in the Anthropocene
." Mathew Huber
, Assistant Professor of Geography at the Maxwell School of
Syracuse University. When one considers the environmental problems surrounding consumption, we often think of “us” as individual consumers of resources and energy. Yet, the industrial sector is by far the largest consumer of energy, electricity, water,
and other materials both in the United States and globally. Why do these geographies often escape our political/policy attention? This talk proposed a framework to examine the politics of industrial ecologies and examined the industrial nitrogen fertilizer
industry and its immense demand for natural gas and significant carbon dioxide emissions.
Special Thursday Conversation on April 2, 2015 with Nimrod Goren "After Israel's Elections: Is there a future for the Middle East Peace Process?
Dr. Nimrod Goren
is the Founder and Chairman of MITVIM - The Israeli Institute for Regional Foreign Policies and a Teaching Fellow in Middle Eastern Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He holds a PhD in Middle Eastern Studies and Political
Psychology from the Hebrew University, and has been a 2009-10 Hubert Humphrey Fellow at Syracuse University’s Maxwell School. Nimrod was the recipient of the 2009 Victor J. Goldberg IIE Prize for Peace in the Middle East, and has previously worked at
the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute, the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, The Nehemia Levtzion Center for Islamic Studies, the Young Israeli Forum for Cooperation, and The Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace. His areas
of expertise include the Middle East peace process, Israel’s foreign policy, and modern Turkey.
April 8, 2015- "Armed
Conflict and Compliance in Muslim States, 1947-2014: Does Conflict Look Different Under International Humanitarian Law
." Cori Zoli
, Director of Research, Research Assistant Professor, Institute for National Security and Counterterrorism
(INSCT) at Syracuse University. Though many empirical studies have explored state conflict behavior by a range of factors, relatively few studies have examined the conflict behavior of Muslim-majority states. Even less research systematically examined
the role of state compliance with international humanitarian law as a variable in such conflict behavior. This work builds a new dataset based on an international humanitarian law definition of war, and provides an overview of modern armed conflict behavior
and compliance with international law governing armed conflict for Muslim states from 1947-2014.
April 15, 2015- "Blurring the Lines in International Mediation
." Joyce Neu
, is a conflict resolution specialist and Founder
and Senior Associate of Facilitating Peace, a consulting network that has worked with governmental, intergovernmental, and nongovernmental organizations. Dr. Neu discussed how official mediation processes conducted by the UN and governments still remain
largely the purview of high level diplomats. Over the past decade, however, we have witnessed a blurring of the lines within and between official and unofficial processes resulting in more inclusive processes. She addressed the positive results and challenges
of this trend in international mediation.
April 22, 2015- "The FBI and American Muslims after September 11
." Michael Barkun
, Professor Emeritus, Political Science, Maxwell School of Syracuse University. The 9/11 attacks
placed the U.S. Islamic community in a vulnerable position. That vulnerability was demonstrated by the complicated contacts between American Muslims and the FBI in the ensuing years. Those contacts also raise larger issues about the proper relationship
between religion and law enforcement.
Fall 2014 Conversations in Conflict Studies
November 19, 2014 - "Preventing and Managing the Spoilers of Peace
." Miriam Elman
, Associate Professor of Political Science and Co-Director of the International and Intra-state
Conflict and Collaboration Program at PARCC. Her research projects focus on the city of Jerusalem from an Interdisciplinary perspective; the relationship between history and political science; religious political parties in democracies; prospects for
democratization in the Middle East; Israel’s domestic and foreign policy.
November 12, 2014 - "Father Doesn't Always Know Best: American Catholic Sisters Contest Vatican Hegemony--An Update
." Margaret Thompson,
Professor, History and Political Science. Her research projects include Catholic Sisters in American History and Politics, the Catholic Church and Politics, Religion and Political Extremism, Women and American Religion. Her principal research at this
time concerns the Americanization of Catholic women’s religious life (sisters and nuns), but she is also quite interested in the impact of religion upon American politics and governance.
November 5, 2014 - "Digital Activism and Human Rights
Hans Peter Schmitz
is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. He is the co-founder of the Transnational NGO Initiative. His research interests include international
non-governmental organizations, rights-based approaches to development, and global efforts to address noncommunicable diseases (NCDs).
October 29, 2014 - “Press Protections in Dangerous Places
.” Roy Gutterman
and Director of the Newhouse School's Tully Center for Free Speech. He will discuss Why journalism is such a dangerous profession. Where is it safe? Where is it dangerous? What does it mean to have a free press?
October 22, 2014 - "Building the Conditions for Constructive Strategies- Changing American conditions to make them more supportive
of constructive engagement in foreign conflicts
." Louis Kriesberg
, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, Maxwell Professor Emeritus of Social Conflict Studies, and founding director of the Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflicts
(PARC). His conversation in conflict presentation draws from the first chapter of his forthcoming book, Realizing Peace, coming out in February 2015, published by Oxford University Press, which is available on his website.
October 15, 2014
- "Complexities and Challenges
of Being an Ally: Social Justice Strategies for Challenging Racism, Homophobia, and Ableism
." Mara Sapon-Shevin
, Professor of Inclusive Education at Syracuse University where she prepares teachers to be inclusive and works to support
inclusion in schools. Her areas of focus include teaching for social justice and strategies for challenging racism, homophobia and ableism. She coordinates a project called Creating Safe and Peaceful Schools that works to prevent bullying in schools.
She has worked on inclusion issues internationally, including in Australia, New Zealand, England, Spain, Malta, Finland, South Africa and Chile. Her books include Widening the Circle: The Power of Inclusive Schools, Because We Can Change the World: Practical
Strategies for Creating Cooperative, Inclusive Classrooms; and the just published (with Diana Lawrence-Brown) book Condition Critical: Key Principles for Equitable and Inclusive Education.
October 8, 2014 - "Participation, Demobilization and Defection in Civil Wars:
An Analysis of the Popular Liberation Army (EPL) in Colombia
." Abbey Steele
, Assistant Professor of Public Administration and International Affairs at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. She holds a PhD in political science from
Yale University (2010). Her research interests include civil wars, violence, and state-building. Between 2010 and 2012, she was a postdoctoral research associate at Princeton University with the Empirical Studies of Conflict project. She has conducted
research in Colombia since 2002, when she was a Fulbright scholar. Currently she is working on a book manuscript, Unsettling: Displacement during Civil Wars, and collaborating on the design and implementation of an impact evaluation of the state-building
program that USAID and the government are undertaking in Colombia. Her research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research, the Fulbright-Hays DDRA, the Program on Order, Conflict, and Violence at Yale University
and the Institute for National Security and Counter-Terrorism at Syracuse University. Articles based on her research have been published in the Journal of Conflict Resolution and the Journal of Peace Research.
October 1, 2014 - "Coalition Building and Change Through Collaboration
." Mark M. Lichtenstein
, Executive Director of the Syracuse University Center for Sustainable Community Solutions and Environmental Finance Center,
will discuss Coalition Building, Influencing Public Policy, and Accelerating Change through the Engagement of Collaborative Problem Solving and Collaborative Governance Principles: Examples from the Caribbean and Latin America. Mr. Lichtenstein is the
executive director of Syracuse University’s Center for Sustainable Community Solutions and Environmental Finance. He is a faculty associate in the PARCC Program, and a visiting scholar and instructor at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry
(ESF). Professor Lichtenstein facilitates the US EPA-formed Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands Recycling Partnerships, and is an active member and co-facilitator of the Vieques Sustainability Task Force. He is serving a seventh term as president and CEO
of the National Recycling Coalition, Inc., and is engaged with sustainability efforts throughout the US, Belize, Brazil, the British Virgin , Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nepal, and Trinidad & Tobago. Lichtenstein recently helped form Sustainable
Finance International with the University of Maryland focusing on environmental infrastructure needs in the developing world, and served as an expert witness to the Federal Environmental Finance Advisory Board (EFAB). Dr. Lichtenstein will discuss his
research and past efforts in Coalition Building, Influencing Policy, and Accelerating.
September 24, 2014 - "Urban Agriculture as a Social Movement - Emerging Food and Sustainability Policy Implications
." Isidor Wallimann
Visiting Research Professor at PARCC and founding president of Urban Agriculture Basel. He discussed the nature of the urban agriculture movement, what it means to participants and how they tend to identify with it. In so doing, the strengths and weaknesses
of the movement were addressed, including how they are reflected in movement vocabulary. Urban agriculture was also be discussed from a food policy and sustainability perspective, whereby lines of conflict following from daily practice will be identified.
Urban Agriculture Basel and other locations of practice will serve as points of illustration.
Thursday, Sept . 18, 2014. "Carving Through Borders: Discrimination, Immigration, and Citizenship
." This unique collaborative event
was sponsored by PARCC and Syracuse University's College of Visual and Performing Arts (VPA). The evening began with an Art Exhibition and Reception at 5:00 p.m.in the Joseph A. Strasser Commons, Eggers Hall. Music was provided by Samba Laranja: the
Syracuse University Brazilian Ensemble. A panel discussion followed which focused on the tensions in American society and policy in relation to immigration and citizenship, with a particular spotlight on the artistic expression of the discrimination experienced
by many Latin Americans. The Moderator was Catherine Gerard, Director of PARCC and the Panelists were: Kristi Andersen, Chapple Family Professor of Citizenship and Democracy at the Maxwell School, Santiago Armengod, Mexico City-based printmaker who communicates
the urgency of radical change through his artwork, Holly Greenberg, Associate Professor, Printmaking at the College of Visual and Performing Arts, and Andrew Saluti, Assistant Director, SU Art Galleries Shaffer Art Building.
September 10, 2014
- "Promoting Understanding through Science: A Workshop with North Korean Academics
." Stuart Thorson
, Donald P. and Margaret Curry Gregg professor in the Maxwell School and Eric Horvath, MPA student at the Maxwell School. They
described their experiences working with twenty North Korean academics during a three-week scientific English workshop held this past summer in Dalian, China. The North Korean participants came from a variety of disciplines and fields (ie. science, English
instructors, foreign affairs officials), as did the instructional team, which consisted of four faculty members from Syracuse University and one from the University of Kansas and five recent college graduates from the U.S. who served as teaching assistants.
The workshop was the most recent of a series of meetings sponsored by the U.S.-DPRK Scientific Engagement Consortium. Through their presentation, they hope to evince the role academic science can play in catalyzing cooperation even in the face of difficult
political relations, as well as provide insights into the lives and personalities of North Koreans not featured on the nightly news.
Spring 2014 Semester
April 24, 2014 - "How the Smallest State Will Lead the Nation: Expanding Opportunities for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
." Andrew McQuaide
, State Coordinator of the DOJ Interim Settlement Agreement,
Rhode Island. In the United States, approximately 450,000 people with intellectual and developmental disabilities spend their days in segregated sheltered workshops or in segregated day programs. On April 8, 2014, the United States and the State of Rhode
Island entered into the nation’s first statewide settlement agreement that addresses the rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities to receive employment and daytime services in the community. Over twenty years ago, the State of
Rhode Island was one of the first states to embrace community inclusion and reject the segregation of institutional residential care. Today, the State is embarking on an incredible journey to become a national model for integrated services, upholding
the ideals of the Americans with Disabilities Act. A recent Maxwell MPA graduate, Andrew McQuaide will discuss his work with the State of Rhode Island fostering collaborative and participatory governance and expanding opportunity to community-based, integrated
employment and day services for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities.
April 10, 2014 - "Humble Humanitarianism: The Case for Non-Military Humanitarian Intervention
." Benjamin Valentino
Professor of Government at Dartmouth College. Benjamin Valentino's research interests include the causes and consequences of violent conflict and American foreign and security policies. At Dartmouth he teaches courses on international relations, international
security, American foreign policy, the causes and prevention of genocide and serves as co-director the Government Department Honors Program. Professor Valentino's book, Final Solutions: Mass Killing and Genocide in the 20th Century, received the Edgar
S. Furniss Book Award for making an exceptional contribution to the study of national and international security. His work has appeared in outlets such as The New York Times, Foreign Affairs, The American Political Science Review, Security Studies, International
Organization, Public Opinion Quarterly, World Politics and The Journal of Politics. He is currently working on several research projects focusing on public opinion on the use of force, civilian and military casualties in interstate wars and developing
early warning models of large-scale violence against civilians.
April 3, 2014 - "Evolution of Forensic DNA Analysis: Exploitation of Biological Signatures for Geosourcing High Value Targets
." Michael A. Marciano
and National Security Sciences Institute (FNSSI). The application and utility of DNA analyses to law enforcement and national security issues have altered the landscape of investigative and prosecutorial approaches. Those agencies whose primary mission
is to target and eliminate threats to security have become increasingly reliant on biological targets for establishing the identity of humans and infectious agents. The past decade has been marked by significant technological advances in the use of DNA-based
investigative intelligence, resulting in more effective means to identify these targets. However, limitations inherent in both communities have hindered the transition of next-generation DNA analysis methods. Law enforcement continues to lag behind advancements
in biotechnology due to both resource deficiencies and high levels of public scrutiny, whereas defense and intelligence agencies face challenges in successful technology transition despite active engagement in research and development. A highly disruptive
and innovative environment exists at the intersection where the needs and limitations of each group meet, and the research community consequently plays the role of gatekeeper. Research scientists with a practical knowledge of the operational complexities
faced by the end-users may provide an optimal setting for successful collaborations and technology transitions.
March 27, 2014 - "Ethical Dilemmas of Government Whistleblowers
." Jon Oberg
and Louis Clark
as part of the "American Whistleblower Tour: Models of Courageous Citizenship." The Government Accountability Project (GAP) uses conflict and collaboration to fulfill its mission as the nation’s leading whistleblower protection organization. GAP’s President
Louis Clark and U.S. Dept. of Education whistleblower Jon Oberg will discuss how conflict and collaboration were used effectively to disclose and deal with fraud and abuse. Jon initially attempted to collaborate with the Department on a solution to the
problem of illegal payments being made to student loan lenders from 2002 to 2004. Only after he was told not to collaborate with anyone or even work on the problem did he take action in conflict with the Department. Working through the Inspector General,
the Government Accountability Office, and Senate committees, he was able to spotlight the illegal payments and have them halted. After his retirement from the Department, he filed suit in 2007 on behalf of the U.S. to get back payments returned. Five
settlements with lenders came about in 2010, another settlement was achieved in 2012, and two cases are still pending. Approximately $75 million of illegal claims have been returned by lenders to date. In 2010, Congress killed the bank-based student loan
program in part because of the fraud he exposed.
March 6, 2014. - "An Integrated Scientific Approach to Solving Forensic and National Security Issues
." Kevin Sweder,
Director of the Centerfor Bioforensics, Biosecurity,
and Biometrics. The Center for Bioforensics, Biosecurity, and Biometrics (CB3) within the Forensic and National Security Sciences Institute provides an interactive, interdisciplinary environment in which scientists interact to enable prevention, detection,
and remedial action regarding biological and physical terrorist agents through the use of molecular biological, biochemical, chemical and physical technologies. Other research efforts include the study of terahertz radiation (THz) as a means to identify,
analyze, and detect materials used in explosives, applying forensics techniques to human skeletal analysis; and the use of stable isotope analysis to determine source locations for a variety of types of evidence. The Institute plans to establish centers
focusing on standoff threat detection, transportation security, and forensic analysis.
February 27, 2014. "Zimbabwe – Past Imperfect, Future Tense
." Audie Klotz
, Professor of Political Science. Controversial elections
in 2013 launched Zimbabwe into another phase of its on-going upheaval. Did the government unduly interfere to fix the outcome? Should sanctions continue? By concentrating only on elections, however, much of the media coverage and political commentary
misconstrues the tensions and misses their deeper roots. Therefore, we will go back as far as the Rhodesian period and add regional dynamics for a broader understanding of land reform and other issues at stake.
February 20, 2014 - "'People Are Suffering!' Noncombatant Mobilization for Peace in Africa
, Doctoral Candidate, Political Science. During the late 1990s and early 2000s, religious leaders and women in a number of Sub-Saharan countries organized to resist wars that escalated as a result of violent political transitions.
Bertha Amisi's dissertation tells the little-known story of these efforts to end war in politically adverse conditions. This presentation will focus on why religious leaders and women bothered to act against war despite the risk involved. Amisi will show
that this was made possible through a combination of political developments and the presence of groups able to see and seize the opportunities presented to demand an end to war.
February 13, 2014 - "Taking a Communication Perspective in Community Work: Using Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM) in Ramla, Israel
, Academic Director of Columbia University's Negotiation and Conflict Resolution Program. Professionals working on the community level engage with members of the community in a variety of ways. They are rewarded for their contributions
and also face challenges, some unique to their type of work. In this presentation, Beth Fisher-Yoshida explores the work she did in Ramla, one of the few mixed cities in Israel. She highlights the use of the Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM), which
focuses on taking a community perspective as the lens with which to enrich and support the work of these professionals.
February 6, 2014 - "Waiting Is the Hardest Part: IMF Lending Responsiveness, 1984-2009
." Daniel McDowell
Assistant Professor of Political Science. For more than 30 years the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has played a central role in managing international financial crises by providing emergency loans to economies facing difficult circumstances. In this
presentation, Prof. McDowell introduces new data measuring the responsiveness of the IMF to borrower-country loan requests. Why does the Fund approve some loans more swiftly than others? McDowell's empirical analyses show that a borrower country’s geopolitical
and financial importance to the U.S. (as well as other key Fund shareholders) influences the speed with which requests are approved.
January 30, 2014 - "Building Effective Networks to Scale Social Change
." Dee Moskoff
Humphrey Fellow at the Maxwell School. Developing a network that can bring large-scale change for society is not easy. However, when civil society organizations work together there is potential to see lasting change. Collaboration of this kind leverages
change more effectively than individual parties working alone. Building structures for city-wide or national networks allows member organizations to maintain autonomy while providing a solid platform for joint action. Dee Moskoff, Founding Director of
Connect Network, will lead this conversation focusing on the structures of a network.
January 23, 2014 - "Silence is Golden? Immigrant Settlement, Community Change, and Social Dynamics in New Immigrant Destinations
." Jamie Winders
Associate Professor of Geography. This presentation examines the politics of immigrant settlement and belonging in a new immigrant destination. Through a discussion of her ethnographic work in Nashville, Tennessee, Jamie Winders will show the ways that
immigrants' efforts to fit and long-term white residents' understandings of immigrant behaviors in the same neighborhoods raised conflict. This led to various forms of immigrant exclusion both in local neighborhoods and in citywide politics. By paying
close attention to how immigrants and long-term residents interacted with one another and how they justified or explained their interactions, Winders will point out the challenges of immigrant integration and inclusion in cities like Nashville, with no
prior experience with immigrant settlement, as well as the sites of possibility for more inclusive policies and practices.
January 16, 2014 - "Inequality and Infant Mortality in Syracuse
." Sandra Lane
, PhD, MPH, Professor
of Public Health and Anthropology. In Syracuse, New York, one third of the population lives below the poverty level. Social scientists argue over whether we should label this disadvantage “syndemics” or “structural violence” or “intersectionality.” But
theory alone is not sufficient; we need also to act. With students, community members and university colleagues, Professor Lane has worked on maternal and infant disparities in Syracuse since 1996, with some successes and many disappointments. This talk
will outline a model of analysis, results, and what remains to be done.
Fall 2013 Conversations in Conflcit Studies
November 21, 2013 - "Urban Agriculture, Social Movements, and Food Policy Issues
." Isidor Wallimann
, PARCC Visiting Scholar. Professor Wallimann, founding president of Urban Agriculture
Basel, will discuss the nature of the urban agriculture movement, what it means to participants, and how they tend to identify with it. In so doing, the strengths and weaknesses of the movement will be addressed, including how they are reflected in movement
vocabulary. Urban agriculture will also be discussed from a food policy and sustainability perspective, whereby lines of conflict following from daily practice will be identified. Throughout, Urban Agriculture Basel and other locations of practice will
serve as points of illustration. Professor Wallimann recently published the book Environmental Policy Is Social Policy - Social Policy Is Environmental Policy: Toward Sustainability Policy (Springer 2013), which contains a large section on sustainable
agriculture. He also is the co-editor of On the Edge of Scarcity: Environment, Resources, Population, Sustainability, and Conflict (SU Press, 2002).
November 13, 2013 - "Sustained Dialogues for Communities in Conflictual Relationships
, Executive Director of InterFaith Works, Syracuse. This conversation will focus on the process for sustained dialogues, a project conceived by Dr. Harold Saunders of the Kettering Foundation, where it has been used successfully
to address tensions around the globe. In Syracuse, the process has addressed neighborhood tensions between refugee groups and American-born neighbors on the north side of the city, and will soon be utilized to address tensions between African-Americans
and Africans. The importance of recruitment of implicit opinion leaders, the stages of engagement, and the outcomes will be discussed.
November 6, 2013 - "Outbound China in the Caribbean: State Development Assistance and Private Entrepreneurial Immigrants
, Associate Professor, and Yan Liu
, Doctoral Candidate, Sociology, Maxwell School. This presentation examines the new role of “Global China” in the Anglophone Caribbean, particularly in the small islands of the Eastern Caribbean,
from the point of view of (a) bilateral Chinese state development aid and investment and (b) the roughly convergent flows of private entrepreneurial Chinese immigrants (and associated labor migrants) into the region.
October 31, 2013 - "Intranets, Sovereignty, and States
, Assistant Professor, International Political Communications, Georgia State University. Dr. Powers will explore the relationship between sovereignty, the nation-state and connective technologies. Continuously challenged, states naturally
seek means of legitimating their authority, a process that increasingly requires providing a citizenry with some level of freedom of expression. At the same time, technologies are evolving quickly and in transformative ways, changing the ways in which
communities are formed and authority legitimized. For many states, allowing too much freedom of expression risks a loss of legitimacy by another sword: political challengers more able to engage the masses and offer alternative visions for the future.
It is within this continuum—with absolute freedom of expression on one end, and the a need for some restrictions on speech on the other—that Shawn Powers will explore four case studies—China, Iran, Egypt and the U.S.—whereby states restrict access to
a singular internet and develop more malleable intranets capable of creating a balance between freedom and control.
October 25, 2013 - "Practicing Triage Diplomacy: Track II Meetings and U.S.-North Korea Relations
." Frederick Carriere
Research Professor, Political Science, Maxwell School. The Obama administration’s policy on North Korea is characterized as “strategic patience,” although it is hard to see what is strategic about being patient in the face of an apparently expanding arsenal
of nuclear weapons, a possible enhancement in long-range missile technology and a growing proliferation challenge. To many critics, the policy seems more like kicking the can down the road while pretending there is no can. This presentation will explore
the prospects for a more engaged policy based on discussions during several very recent Track II meetings between senior North Korean diplomats and U.S. experts. Drawing on his experiences as a co-organizer of one of these meetings, the presenter will
offer his own perspectives on the effectiveness of these efforts.
October 24, 2013 - "Rush for the Oars? Assessing the Shift to Armed Guards at Sea.
" Renée de Nevers
, Associate Professor, Public Administration and
International Affairs, Maxwell School. Piracy off the coast of Somalia has presented a difficult security challenge to those it affects and those seeking to protect merchant shipping. The international community has adopted a multilayered approach to
address this problem, and one element has been the hiring of private armed guards to protect merchant shipping. This conversation will examine the decision to rely on private armed security guards in the Gulf of Aden.
October 10, 2013 - "Opportunities for Israeli-Palestinian Peace? A Constructive Conflicts
." Louis Kriesberg
, Maxwell Professor Emeritus of Social Conflict Studies and founding director of the Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflicts. There are many good reasons to anticipate a failure in U.S. mediation
efforts to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In this conversation, Prof. Kriesberg will discuss what many different actors might do that would help transform the conflict. The actors include non-governmental persons as well as governmental officials.
The concept of peace will also be discussed. The transformation might be such that the conflict would then be conducted in ways that would generally be recognized as a peaceful accommodation.
October 3, 2013 - "Building Trust with North Korea through Science
, Professor, Political Science and International Relations, Maxwell School. Science has been an attractive mode for trust building and cooperative engagement between countries where formal political or diplomatic relations have
been strained or non-existent. Dr. Thorson will present an evidence-based argument that bilateral academic science engagement might be attractive to both the United States and North Korea, and he will suggest a few policy measures that might facilitate
September 26, 2013 - "Witnessing Time: Rhetorical Form, Public Culture, and Popular Historical Education
." Bradford Vivia
n, Associate Professor of Communication and Rhetorical Studies at Syracuse University.
The rhetoric of witnessing is prevalent in contemporary liberal-democratic culture. It operates in political rituals, public commemorations, school curricula, and popular multimedia. This presentation contends that the public discourse of witnessing—the
idea that any and all citizens should bear witness to horrific past events as a rite of civic education—has emerged in recent decades a prominent mode of historical understanding characteristic of western culture. The presentation focuses in particular
on potential costs and benefits of this discourse regarding how liberal-democratic communities understand their history in relation to previous eras of horrific violence, injustice, and atrocity.
September 19, 2013 - "Navigating Complex Trade-offs: Finding the Sweet Spot between Oversimplification
." Paul Hirsch
, Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies at SUNY- Environmental Science and Forestry. In this conversation, Dr. Hirsch will discuss the advantages and possible disadvantages of approaching certain kinds
of collaborative decision problems as complex trade-offs. In doing so, he will provoke a discussion, and offer some ideas, on the most appropriate ways to approach complex trade-off problems so as to increase the chances that people can collaborate on
them effectively across disciplines and perspectives. Dr. Hirsch will draw on issues relating to energy, economics, and the environment. Participants in the conversation are welcome to bring their own policy issues and explore how these ideas apply.
12, 2013 - "Public Participation and Open Government: Recommendations for the Obama Administration
." Tina Nabatchi
, Associate Professor of Public Administration, Maxwell School. In 2011, President Obama launched the first U.S.
Open Government National Action Plan as part of its commitment to involving the American people in shaping policy through the Open Government Initiative. As the White House prepares to launch its Second National Action Plan, Dr. Tina Nabatchi convened
experts from academia, civil society, and federal agencies in a “Public Participation and Open Government Workshop.” She led the group in identifying priorities for strengthening the role of public participation in open government and developing metrics
for assessing the public participation work of federal agencies. Dr. Nabatchi will discuss this group’s recent recommendations to the White House for helping federal agencies engage citizens more fully in decisions and policymaking.
Spring 2013 Conversations in Conflict Studies
May 1, 2013 - "African NGOs and Human Security." Bertha Kadenyi Amisi, PhD ABD in Political Science, Maxwell School, Syracuse University. In the last three decades there has been a proliferation of African NGOs, civil society
organizations whose origins are associated with the economic and political reforms African states implemented in the 1980s and 1990s. Their emergence and proliferation is a result of the demand in social services created when African states reduced
their public welfare expenditure. Scholars, policymakers and donors have focused on the development functions African NGOs took over from the state. Much effort has gone into building or strengthening their capacity. Although some African NGO practitioners
and scholars claim that they are major actors, play a key role or make significant contribution to development, not much is known about the nature of this contribution. This study attempts to shed light on the significant role African NGOs play by
exploring when they take a lead in effecting change in the well-being and safety of the African peoples.
April 24, 2013 - "On Not Dating Everyone: Politics and Poetics of Romance in a Postwar City." Azra Hromadzic, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Maxwell School, Syracuse University. Azra Hromadzic will present on an ethnographic
investigation of “mixing,” flirting, dating and falling in love among ethnically divided youth in the Bosnian and Herzegovinian city of Mostar. Building on more than 18 months of ethnographic field work, she will focus on how young people at the famous
Mostar Gymnasium and beyond engage in romance across ethnic lines to create, negate, overcome and negotiate boundaries and coordinates of difference. For example, Hromadzic locates numerous discursive and non-discursive flirting moments during smoking
in the school’s unisex bathrooms, joined extracurricular activities, and school trips. She focuses on these instances to capture how youth, their bodies, their sensibilities, and their emotions come together and perform together, creating palpable,
elusive and embodied boundaries and points of convergence. These experiences both challenge and reinsert the importance of ethnicization of everyday life, which, when shielded by the consociational model of democracy, leave in a political, social
and existential vacuum those social agents and their actions that do not easily fit into any of the officially recognized collectivities, identities and socialities in postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina.
April 10, 2013 - "The Polluter-Pays Principle: From Environmental to Social Policy
." Isidor Walliman
, Professor, Sociology, Economics, and Social Policy, Univ. of Applied Sciences Northwest Switzerland. What can we learn from
environmental policy in dealing with such social problems as alcoholism, drug addiction, the impact of smoking, unemployment, and job burn-out? The “polluter-pays principle” has gained wide recognition in the realm of environmental policy. It is anchored
in the observation that environmental damages and associated problems fall not upon those actors whose behaviors have caused the problem in the first place, but instead upon various third parties (the damage is “distributed outwards” or “externalized”).
This principle assumes that actors would avoid or at least reduce harmful behavior if they were constrained or if they had to absorb the cost to third parties (internalize costs). This presentation is based on Isidor Wallimann’s books published in German.
He will discuss both ways of extending this approach to social policy in general and some limits in doing so.
April 9, 2013 - "Prospects for Peace in Colombia: A Critical Analysis of the Current Negotiations
." Dana Brown
Executive Director of the US Office on Colombia. Dana Brown will address the many facets of the current peace negotiations between the Colombian government and the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) guerrilla, with a special focus on civil
society engagement in the peace process. She will highlight the struggle of victims to secure some measure of truth, justice and reparations in this process, and the possibilities for a parallel peace process with the ELN (National Liberation Army). Lastly,
she will expose critical issues excluded from the negotiating agenda that could have grave implications for the prospects of a lasting peace. Brown is a former Coordinator of the Committee on US/Latin American Relations, an Amnesty International USA Colombia
Country Specialist, and an accompanier with Peace Brigades International in Colombia. She holds a bachelor's degree in Sociology from Cornell University and a master’s degree in International Relations and Peace Studies from the Universidad del Salvador
April 4, 2013 - “'They Missed': On April 4, 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated. Forty-five years later, his work continues…
" Victoria Christgau
, Executive Director, Connecticut Center for Nonviolence.
The Connecticut Center for Nonviolence (CTCN) is a statewide leader in nonviolence education and the arts. Through trainings, workshops and assembly programs, the organization brings people from diverse communities together in dialogue and creative expression
to explore the root causes of violence and to learn constructive methods of transforming conflict into opportunity based upon the teaching of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Victoria Christgau founded the CTCN in 2007 at the request of renowned civil rights
strategist Dr. Bernard LaFayette, Jr., who was appointed by Dr. King as national coordinator of the Poor People’s Campaign. Dr. LaFayette coauthored the Kingian Nonviolence Curriculum, which CTCN uses as the foundation for its training curriculum. Ms.
Christgau, a lifelong peace and nonviolence educator, is a Master Teaching Artist for the CT Commission on Culture and Tourism, Arts Division, and has led Peace-Arts Residencies in schools for over 19 years.
March 27, 2013 - "Conflicts
Between Civil Servants and Public Organizations: The Civil Servant Protection System in Taiwan
." Ta-Yu Chao
, Department of Public Policy and Administration, National Chi Nan University, Taiwan. A sound civil servant protection system
can serve a nation well in fostering the development of a workforce that is basically honest, competent and dedicated to constitutional ideals and the public interest. When fully developed, protection systems can promote the effectiveness and efficiency
of the government. Dr. Chao will present on the Civil Servant Protection System in Taiwan, including its history, organization, functions and duties, recent accomplishments and future direction. Finally, she will compare the Taiwanese system with the
U.S. Dr. Chao is a visiting scholar with PARCC this year. Currently, she is writing a book entitled Theory and Practice of Dissent Management in the Public Sector. Her research is funded by the National Science Council of Taiwan.
March 21, 2013
- "The Effects of Indigenous Autonomy in Southern Mexico.
" Matthew R. Cleary
, Associate Professor, Political Science at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. In 1995, several hundred municipalities in the southern state
of Oaxaca, Mexico, gained formal recognition of local autonomy and the right to govern themselves according to usos y costumbres, or local custom based on indigenous communitarian traditions. But autonomy was granted only selectively, resulting in a complex
mosaic of local political institutions across approximately 600 indigenous-majority municipalities in Oaxaca and the surrounding states in southern Mexico. Professor Cleary’s ongoing research attempts to understand the effect that autonomy has had on
political conflict, women’s rights, indigenous ethnic identities, and the legitimacy of local political institutions in southern Mexico. Matt Cleary is an associate professor of political science in the Maxwell School. He is the author of Democracy and
the Culture of Skepticism: Political Trust in Argentina and Mexico (2006, with Susan C. Stokes) and The Sources of Democratic Responsiveness in Mexico (2010). His current research projects focus on left governments in Latin America, the adoption of legislative
gender quotas across the globe, and indigenous politics in southern Mexico.
February 27, 2013 - "Local Government Management
." Elizabeth Greenwood
, Mayor of Tully, NY. "I have the blessing of accountability to the people for whom I work – for better or worse." Elizabeth Greenwood believes
in local government and the great joy of being able to make a positive difference right where she lives. She also understands the challenges and conflicts that come with working with a disparate group of people from many organizations to coordinate all
of their efforts. At this week’s Conversation, Mayor Greenwood will discuss her wide-ranging experiences advocating for and serving in local government management from Executive Officer on a Provincial Reconstruction Team in Khost Province Afghanistan
to Mayor of the small Village of Tully, NY. In addition to serving as Tully's mayor, Greenwood is a member of the Onondaga County Association of Mayors and Elected Officials, the Onondaga County Youth Board, and the Onondaga County Agricultural Committee,
and has chaired both the Southern Hills Business Association and the Tully Community Youth Center Board of Directors. Mayor Greenwood is also a Commander in the US Naval Reserves and is a planner on the staff of the Joint European Command (EUCOM).
20, 2013 - "The Russian Opposition and the State: One Year After the Protest Movement
." Brian D. Taylor
, Professor of Political Science at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. Last winter Moscow experienced the largest
series of opposition protests since the collapse of the Soviet Union. What has happened over the last year? Have Putin and the Kremlin successfully reestablished control? This talk will focus primarily on the state side of the state-society relationship,
examining state efforts to “tighten the screws” and weaken the opposition. Taylor’s talk will focus in particular on the role of law enforcement and security services, his main area of research. Brian D. Taylor is an associate professor of political science
and director of the Center for European Studies in the Maxwell School. He is the author of State Building in Putin’s Russia: Policing and Coercion After Communism (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2011) and Politics and the Russian Army: Civil-Military Relations,
1689-2000 (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003). His research focuses on the role of state coercive agencies, including the military and the police, in domestic politics, particularly in Russia.
February 13, 2013 - "Realizing Peace: Conducting More Constructive American Foreign Policies
will report on his current book project examining episodes of American involvement in foreign conflicts, from the early years of the Cold War to the present, which were against a foreign adversary or intervening as an intermediary.
He interweaves developments in the peace studies and conflict resolution field that are influenced by and may affect such engagements. Throughout the book he assesses Americans’ conduct that was relatively constructive and conduct that was not, suggesting
at times more constructive actions that might have been taken. Dr. Kriesberg is Professor Emeritus of Sociology, Maxwell Professor Emeritus of Social Conflict Studies, and founding director of the Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflicts (1986–1994),
all at Syracuse University. He has written over 125 book chapters and articles, and he has published several books. He was President of the Society for the Study of Social Problems (1983–84), and he lectures, consults, and provides training regarding
conflict resolution, security issues, and peace studies.
February 4, 2013 – “A Place to Call Home: Compassionate Care for Syracuse’s HIV/AIDS Community
.” Michael A. DeSalvo
will discuss Friends of Dorothy: A Catholic
Worker House, which has offered home-based care to people with HIV/AIDS since 1992, including recuperative or hospice care, supportive housing and emergency assistance. Their primary focus is on hospice care, with Hospice of CNY providing medical care
and nurse visits while Friends of Dorothy serve as the primary care givers, much like extended family members. None of their guests are charged in any way for the services provided and the organization is solely dependent on the financial support they
receive from individuals in the community. Mr. DeSalvo is President of the Board of Directors and along with his partner, Nick, operates Friends of Dorothy. “As gay men who remain self-identified as Catholic we seek to stand in prophetic witness to the
intrinsic goodness of human sexuality, including gay sexuality.”
February 1, 2013 - “Supporting Peace-Building in Darfur: The Near East Foundation's Resources, Economic Security, and Peace (RESP) Project
.” Mohamed Adam Dahia
A. Peter Castro
will discuss the RESP Project in Darfur, Sudan, which fosters conflict transformation through a range of activities, including training in collaborative natural resource management and conflict management. The project is supported
by the United Nations Development Program's Darfur Community Peace and Stability Fund as part of the region's early recovery effort. Peace-building has been a focus of Mohamed Dahia's career, and he has two decades of experience working with development
organizations in his home country of Sudan and with community service organizations in Canada. He is currently the Darfur Program Manager for the Near East Foundation, with responsibility for projects aimed at reducing conflict over natural resources
and helping people to regain livelihoods. A. Peter Castro is a PARCC Associate and Associate Professor of Anthropology. He has served as a consultant to the Near East Foundation, the United Nations, and other international organizations.
Fall 2012 Conversations in Conflict Studies
November 14, 2012 - "Beyond Politics as Usual: The Reclaim November Ohio! Project in Ohio’s 16th Congressional District." Kyle Bozentko and Jim Meffert will outline the Reclaim November Ohio! Project, a Citizens
Election Forum using the “Citizens Jury” method of deliberative democracy conducted by Jefferson Action during the 2012 election. In a highly volatile congressional contest between incumbents of opposite parties, the Reclaim November Ohio! Project
amplified an informed and empowered voice of voters into the campaign narrative by engaging the candidates and working with media to move away from the standard horse-race and divisive rhetoric towards substantive dialogue on key economic issues.
This conversation will highlight the successes and challenges of engaging a representative microcosm of voters, along with congressional candidates and the media, in substantive discussion of economic issues that matter most to voters during the peak
moments of a highly contentious and otherwise rancorous 2012 election cycle.
November 7, 2012 - "The Two Row Wampum Renewal Campaign: Honoring Native Treaties and Protecting the Earth
." Andy Mager
, project coordinator with the Syracuse Peace Council, will discuss a statewide educational and advocacy campaign
organized by the Onondaga Nation and Neighbors of the Onondaga Nation/Syracuse Peace Council to mark the 400th anniversary of the Two Row Wampum Treaty in 2013. This first treaty between the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) and Europeans outlines a commitment
to living in peace and friendship forever, meaning sustainably. The campaign will develop a broad alliance between New Yorkers and the Haudenosaunee to achieve social justice for the Haudenosaunee and environmental justice for all.
October 31, 2012 - "Understanding the Civically Educative Potential of Residential Learning Communities
." Drew Harris
, a doctoral candidate in the Social Science program in the Maxwell School, will lead an informal
discussion of the preliminary research for his dissertation. Traditionally, civic education in higher education has been limited to the curriculum. Recently though, many universities have made great strides in incorporating these initiatives into the
wider campus culture through missions like Scholarship in Action. Drew’s research begins to examine the potential of using residential learning communities to further extend civic education across the campus.
October 24, 2012 - "Addressing Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs): A Challenge for Collaborative Global Governance
Hans Peter Schmitz
will discuss a research project that focuses on the challenges of international collaboration in addressing the deadly consequences of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Today, NCDs are responsible for 60% of global deaths and
continue to rise rapidly as a global health challenge. While students of global governance have variously studied the role of scientists, NGOs, industry, the public, or states, this literature has yet to be applied to understanding the global response
to NCDs. This presentation will provide a basic overview of the issue as well as the global policies in place, and hopes to enlist the audience in advancing this project towards a grant proposal and publication.
October 17, 2012 - "The Political Incorporation of Religious Minorities in Canada and the U.S.
" Prema Kurien
will lead an informal presentation about a project she is developing, and she is very interested in audience
feedback. The goal of the project is to understand how differences in political structures, policies regarding immigrant integration and religion, as well as migration patterns, shape the political incorporation of religious minorities in Canada and the
U.S. The project focuses specifically on two South Asian groups, Hindus and Sikhs, which manifest very different patterns of mobilization. Professor Kurien has conducted research on Sikh and Hindu political activism in the U.S. for several years. She
plans to conduct similar research in the larger Vancouver and Toronto areas of Canada for a comparative project examining the reasons for these variations.
October 10, 2012 - "Silence Isn’t Golden: Learning to Become Active Allies in the Face of Oppression
. Although most of us aspire to be active allies in the struggle against racism, sexism, homophobia and other formsDrew Harris, a doctoral candidate in the Social Science Ph.D. program in the Maxwell School, will lead an informal
discussion of the preliminary research for his doctoral dissertation on civic education in higher education. Traditionally, civic education in higher education has been limited to the curriculum. Recently though, many universities have made great strides
in incorporating these initiatives into the wider campus culture through missions like Scholarship in Action. Drew’s research begins to examine the potential of using residential learning communities to further extend civic education across the campus.
of oppression, the process is actually complex and difficult. Mara Sapon-Shevin, professor of inclusive education in the School of Education's Department of Teaching and Leadership, will share her work helping people of all ages to move from "bystander"
to "upstander", as well as some recent media campaigns that hope to shift the probability that someone will "say something." She will also link the recent focus on bullying to broader societal issues and challenges.
October 3, 2012 - "Father Doesn’t Always Know Best: American Catholic Sisters Contest Vatican Hegemony
Margaret Susan Thompson
, Associate Professor, History and Political Science, Maxwell School, will discuss the controversy surrounding the Roman Catholic Sisters in the United States, who have been the subject of two Vatican Congregation investigations
since 2009. The more serious of these became known to the general public in April 2012, when it was announced that the Leadership Conference of Women Religious (LCWR) was guilty of expending too much energy on social justice and not enough on matters
such as opposition to abortion and same-sex marriage. As a result, LCWR was to be "reformed" under the jurisdiction of bishops charged with returning the nuns to theological and ecclesial orthodoxy. Dr. Thompson will talk about what has been taking place,
what the consequences may be, and the implications of it all for religious praxis and politics.
September 26, 2012 - "From
Syracuse to the Congo: A Student Experience and Opportunities to Make an Impact
." Community and student leader Emily Ballard
will discuss her work as Deputy Director of Congo Leadership Initiative and will share ways the student
body, faculty, and broader community can get involved. She will address the current Conflict Free Campus Initiative, an effort Ms. Ballard and the student organization STAND (a student anti-genocide coalition) are currently pursuing. The initiative seeks
to make the university more aware of the minerals used in the technologies it purchases. She will also discuss the current plans for Congo Week at Syracuse University.
September 19, 2012 - “Real Utopias: An Example of Contemporary Practice from Switzerland
, Visiting Scholar and Professor of Sociology, Economics, and Social Policy at the University of Applied Sciences Northwest Switzerland, will discuss "real world utopias" using the example of Social Economy Basel (currently in
its 18th year), which aims to create local, social and environmental sustainability. Professor Wallimann will address the role of new social movements, resource based mobilization, popular culture and organization, centralization, and decentralization.
13, 2012 - "A Voice for Peace in the Congo
." Kambale Musavuli
, a native of the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a human rights activist and national spokesperson for the grassroots advocacy organization Friends of the Congo.
During this Conversation in Conflict Studies, Mr. Musavuli will draw on his astute understanding of the dynamics of the global economy and politics and their impact on the people of the Democratic Republic of Congo, offering reflections on Ping Chong’s
Cry for Peace: Voices from the Congo (currently at Syracuse Stage).
September 5, 2012 - "Disciplinary Punishment: Hegemonic Discourse, Ritual Pollution and "The Military Question
." Robert A. Rubinstein,
Professor, Anthropology and International Relations, Maxwell School, where from
1994-2005 he directed the Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflicts (now, PARCC). This Conversations in Conflict Studies will focus on the ways in which hegemonic discourses in peace and security studies, and related social science disciplines,
privilege ideological commitments over empirical investigation when questions of how to engage military actors arise.
Spring 2012 Conversations in Conflict Studies
April 19, 2012 - “Ending the 60-Year Old Korean War: A Petition to the United Nations.” Assistant Adjunct Professor of Political Science at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University, Jongwoo Han. The Korean War began June 25,
1950 and ended July 27, 1953; however, a state of war persists on the Korean Peninsula to this day. In the modern history of human civilization, no war has ever lasted more than half century after an official ceasefire. As a Korean proverb says, “The
one who has tied a knot must untie it.” It is time to begin a transition from six decades of hostility to final closure and peace on the 60th anniversary of the Armistice Agreement.
April 12, 2012 - “Disciplining Terror: Experts, Rational Knowledge, and Irrational
Subjects.” Fellow at the Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History at Harvard University, Lisa Stampnitzky, Ph.D. This talk drew upon Lisa’s forthcoming book, Disciplining Terror: How Experts and Others Invented Terrorism.
Stampnitzky argued that the concept of “terrorism” and the field of terrorism expertise first manifested in the 1970s, and that the way in which these areas took shape has significantly constrained the possibilities for both counterterrorism policy
and counterterrorism expertise.
April 5, 2012 - “The Making of a Global Project: Conflict, Collaboration, & the International Space Station.” Professor, Public Administration and Political Science and International Affairs, William H Lambright. It is extraordinarily difficult
to launch, much less accomplish, huge projects that are at the cutting edge of technology and politics. The International Space Station (ISS) was begun by President Reagan in 1984, saved from death by President Clinton in 1993, and completed under
President Obama in 2011. The secret for sustainment has been turning conflict into collaboration across nations through uncommon leadership. ISS, the largest international science and technology project in history, may have lessons for future global
challenges, particularly climate change and energy security.
March 30, 2012 - “Collusion and Intractable Conflict: Understanding the Troubles in Northern Ireland.” Assistant Professor of International Relations and Political Science at the Maxwell
School of Syracuse University, Terrie Northrup, Ph.D. In the 1960s through the 1990s, conflict in Northern Ireland continued with little hope of resolution or conciliation. How can we understand the nature of such "ethnic" or identity conflicts and
what makes them resistant to resolution? The theoretical notion of "collusion" provides one way to make sense of this kind of intractable conflict.
March 22, 2012 - “Sedimented Histories & a History of Sediment: Livelihood
on the Bolivian Altiplano.” Associate Professor of Geography, Thomas Perrault. Hard rock mining has long been central to the Bolivian economy, and its importance has only increased in recent years. Mining activities require intensive
water withdrawals, and frequently results in acute water contamination. On Bolivia's high altitude, semi-arid Altiplano, the impacts of mining on water quality and quantity have grave implications for small-scale indigenous farmers living adjacent
to mine sites. Using the concept of 'waterscapes' as an analytical lens, this talk examined the co-production of mining, water and rural livelihood on the Bolivian Altiplano, and considers the possibilities for social mobilization and social justice.
8, 2012 - "Sustaining Boundary Waters: The Role of the International Joint Commission in Preventing and Resolving Water Conflicts in US-Canada Shared Waters." IJC Commissioner Dereth Glance discussed the role of the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909
which established the International Joint Commission as an autonomous body charged with preventing and resolving water conflicts between the United States and Canada. For over 100 years, the IJC has worked from coast to coast in large and small watersheds
to fulfill this obligation under the treaty. Commissioner Glance will discuss the application of strong science and effective governance that support ongoing harmony between Canada and the United States. Her talk will specifically focus on the IJC
International Watershed Initiative and priorities in the Great Lakes, including proposed regulation approaches and the forthcoming Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.
March 1, 2012 - "Tent City: Lessons on the Right to the City from the Urban Interstices."
Distinguished Professor of Geography, Don Mitchell explored the phenomena of tent cities of homeless people in America, examined both their present manifestations (in this moment of economic crisis) and their historical place as sites of
political militancy. By focusing on city's often violent reaction to self-organization among homeless people, Mitchell suggested that tent cities possess a potential for a specific kind of political potency. The lessons for the Occupy movement –
and city governments' panicked reaction to it - ought to be obvious.
February 23, 2012 - "The Five Percent: Finding Solutions to Seemingly Impossible Conflicts." Director, International Center for Cooperation and Conflict
Resolution and Associate Professor of Psychology and Education at Columbia University Peter T. Coleman discussed the premise from his new book. That one in every twenty difficult conflicts ends up not in a calm reconciliation or tolerable
standoff but as an acute and lasting antagonism. Such conflicts—the five percent—can be found among the diplomatic and political clashes we read about every day in the newspaper but also, and in a no less damaging and dangerous form, in our private
and personal lives, within families, in workplaces, and among neighbors. These self-perpetuating conflicts resist mediation, defy conventional wisdom, and drag on and on, worsening over time. Once we get pulled in, it is nearly impossible to escape.
The five percent rule us.
February 16, 2012 - “Controlling Munitions Stockpiles: How to Stop the Inadvertent Arming of Insurgencies.” Army War College Fellow, Colonel Geoffrey D. Stevens was selected as an Army
War College Fellow at the Syracuse University Institute for National Security and Counterterrorism from 2011 to 2012. He is an experienced practitioner of national security, serving as an officer in the Army for 23 years, specializing in the fields
of Explosive Ordnance Disposal, Counter-Improvised Explosive Device operations as well as Joint and Interagency operations.
February 9, 2012 - "Coalition Building and Influencing Public Policy: Collaborative Problem Solving Principals." Coalition Executive Director, Syracuse Center of Excellence- Center for Sustainable Community Solutions, Mark Lichtenstein explored
real-world activities surrounding the new mantra of Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) within the context of Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS). He drew from his experience partnering with the US Environmental Protection Agency to radically alter
public policy in Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands and then showed the connection with broader activities underway to move SMM to the forefront of national economic development policy. He elaborated on the importance of framing challenges as
opportunities, applications of CPS in similar challenges, and using CPS strategies to achieve positive outcomes.
February 2, 2012 - “Crisis through the Eyes of Policymakers: Sense-Making and Crises Management.” Professor
of Political Science and Director of the Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs Peg Hermann.
January 26, 2012 - "Rhetoric, Emotion, Citizenship." Professor of Communication and Rhetorical Studies and Associate Dean
for Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Visual and Performing Arts, Kendall Phillips, discussed the early connections between emotion, rhetoric and citizenship, and use these connections to reflect on contemporary American political
Fall 2011 Conversations in Conflict Studies
December 8, 2011- “The Relationships of Conflict Management Styles with Personality Factors.
” Dean and Professor of Counseling Psychology in the College of Educational Sciences at Mutah University Hussein Sharah
. Dr. Sharah
spoke on the intersection of conflict management styles with personality types.
December 1, 2011- “The Spoiler Phenomenon and the Durability of Peace Agreements.
” Miriam Elman
, Associate Professor, Political Science.
, Associate Director, Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs. This presentation summarized a research project examining cases of ‘spoiling activity.’ Spoiling behavior can include spectacular attacks, assassinations, or other forms
of violent expression, intended to outraging citizens, sideline moderates, and further exacerbate insecurity, fear, and hatred felt on both sides of a conflict. Alternately, spoiling tactics may also include the use nonviolent methods such as pulling
out of, or refusing to join, a government coalition committed to peacemaking, thereby prolonging conflict even when the majority of the population prefers peace.
November 17, 2011- "Democracy Does Not Condone Dissent: Dissent is Democracy
Artist Rob Shetterly
recently published Americans Who Tell The Truth, a collection of portraits, short biographies and inspiring quotes by great Americans. Shetterly began the works as a symbol of hope following the September 11 terrorist attacks
of 2001. The works comprise a book and traveling exhibit.
November 10, 2011- "Building Conflict Management Capacity at the Grass Roots
." Professor Practice in Public Administration Christina Merchant
and Babette Baker
TNT Coordinator, City of Syracuse Dept. of Neighborhood & Business Development. Professor Merchant does extensive work in dispute consultation, analysis and planning for workplace conflict, and fostering sustainable partnerships between labor and management.
She mediates conflict, facilitates forums, coaches in conflict tecniques, and intervenes as an expert in negotiations, workgroups and meetings.
November 3, 2011- "Solidarity Across Borders: A Small Farmers’ Movement in the America
Co-Founder of the Small Farmers’ Movement of Cajibio, Colombia (MCC) John Henry González Duque
talked about the successes and challenges in farm workers’ struggles to secure water and food security, land rights, and regional autonomy. He will
also address the importance of collective action in developing alternatives to corporate incursion in the Americas. This event was co-sponsored by Alchemical Nursery, CNY Caribbean/Latin America Coalition (CNY-CLAC), Colombia Support Network (CSN), Syracuse
Peace Council (SPC), and Witness for Peace (WfP).
October 24, 2011 - "Formulation Sequences
in Mediation: How Paraphrasing Works in Dispute Resolution
" with Phillip Glenn
, Professor of Communication Studies at Emerson College, Boston.
October 20, 2011 - “Clamoring for Work: From the "Shape Up" to the "Body Shop
Assistant Professor of Sociology and a Senior Research Associate in the Center for Policy Research in the Maxwell School at Syracuse University, Gretchen Purser
. Her research focuses upon the intersection of labor, urban poverty and law and punishment.
13, 2011- “The Neighbors of Onondaga Nation (NOON) and the Inclusion of Indigenous Rights, Values, and Perspectives in Public Policy Decision-Making
.” Associate Professor of Environmental Studies at SUNY ESF- Jack Manno
NOON as a case example, ESF Professor Jack Manno, discussed the role of allies in advancing awareness, understanding, and influence of Indigenous perspectives on human rights and duties. Also focused on the effort to include these rights and duties in
policy-making processes and the recent public decision-making processes concerning whether or not to permit industrial scale hydrofracking for gas in New York State.
October 6, 2011- “Prospects for the Israeli-Palestinian Peace, After September
Head, MA Program in Government Academic Director, International Program and Program in Conflict Resolution Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy & Strategy Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya- Professor Galia Golan
Sept. 29, 2011 “Skills of the Collaborative Leader
" Director, Program for the Advancement of Research on Conflict and Collaboration; Associate Director, Executive Education Programs- Catherine Gerard
22, 2011- "Israel's Public
Policy and Administration: an Anatomy of a Crisis of Governance
." Visiting Lecturer at the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, The Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya and currently a Visiting Professor at the Political
Science Department at SUNY at Binghamton- Maoz Rosenthal
September 8, 2011- "Community Development and 'Community Identity' Rape: Reflections on Commercial Mining and Conflict in Africa
. " Professor Wilson Akpan
University of Fort Hare (South Africa).