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Siddiki Article on Institutional Grammar 2.0 Published in Public Administration

May 31, 2021

Institutional Grammar 2.0: A Refined Specification for Encoding and Analyzing Institutional Design

Saba Siddiki, Christopher K. Frantz

Public Administration, May 2021

Saba Siddiki

Saba Siddiki


Public affairs scholars have contributed rich insights on the role and outcomes of institutions in policy and administrative settings. They have offered numerous empirical studies of these topics, alongside concepts and theories that can be leveraged in their assessment. But there remains a relative dearth in attention to approaches that can be used to support rigorous assessments of institutional design itself—those that support reliable and nuanced representations of institutional structure and meaning. The Institutional Grammar (IG) is one such approach that has gained in prominence over the last decade.

Existing applications validate the IG's utility toward rigorous assessments of institutional design, and highlight the IG's value in operationalizing concepts relevant in policy and administration scholarship. The authors build on existing IG research by presenting a revised specification IG 2.0 for encoding and analyzing institutional design that responds to representational necessities and analytical opportunities within and beyond policy and administrative domains.

Center for Policy Research
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