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Fracked: Uncertainties in Negotiated Rule Making

Rob Alexander, Natalie Abel & Matthew Williams (James Madison University)

July 2015


This simulation exercise draws attention the influence that information uncertainty and changing information shapes multi-actor negotiation processes, particularly when the information is scientific and pertains to biophysical environmental quality.  By inserting data from an environmental study midway through a negotiated rule making process for regulating hydraulic fracturing activity, the simulation exposes students to the dynamic nature of negotiations when they occur amongst high levels of uncertainty regarding problem information and resulting impacts on power and trust. Instructors using the simulation will have the opportunity to teach about negotiated rulemaking, multi-actor interest-based negotiation, hydraulic fracturing, and public policy making under uncertainty. 

First Place, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2015