Martin S. Shanguhyia
Associate Professor, History
Ph.D., West Virginia University, 2007
African history, eastern Africa, colonial and postcolonial, environment, rural economies, development, conflict and mediation, transnational inter-ethnic relations
–Modern Eastern Africa (Since 1800)
326—Africa Since 1800
Africa in Global Affairs (Since1850)
I am an
Associate Professor in the History Department at the Maxwell School of
Citizenship & Public Affairs at Syracuse University. I received my PhD. in
African History from West Virginia University in 2007. Prior to Joining
Syracuse University in 2010, I was a Visiting Assistant Professor of African
History at the Ohio State University at Columbus in 2008-2009, and in the same
capacity at the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, 2009-2010. My
research focuses on colonial Africa, with a specific concentration on Eastern
Africa. I research themes with environmental dimensions particularly regarding
Africa’s rural environments, especially farming and pastoralist communities. My
most recent major publication is Population,
Tradition & Environmental Control in Colonial Kenya, 1920-1963
(Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, December 2015). This monograph examines the impact of demographic,
cultural, and agricultural changes on colonial soil conservation and land
preservation policies in colonial Western Kenya, and the Abaluyia responses to
those policies. My current research project analyzes how colonial borders have
shaped inter-ethnic relations (from the perspectives of access to resources,
economy, identity, conflict and mediation) in the northwestern borderlands of
Kenya (bordering Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Uganda). The project was generously
funded by the International Research and Development Center (IDRC) that
facilitated by field trip into these borderlands during the first half of 2014.
Forthcoming and Published Works
Population, Tradition & Environmental Control in Kenya, 1920-1963 (University of Rochester Press)
Peer-Reviewed Journal articles
"British War-Effort Programme and the Making of the Land Degradation Narrative in Colonial Western Kenya", Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History, Issue 16.2 (Johns Hopkins University Press, August 2015).
"Integrating African Traditions in
Environmental Control in Western Kenya: Contradictions and Failure in Colonial
Policy, 1920-1963", International
Journal of African Historical Studies , Vol. 49, No. 1
"In Search of a Political Identity: The Historical Basis of Understanding Zanzibar's Post-Colonial Dilemma", in Shadrack S. Nasong'o, ed., The Roots of Ethnic Conflict in Africa: From Grievance to Violence (Palgrave Macmillan).
With Mickie M. Forster, "Land and Conflict in Kenya's Rift Valley: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives", in Toyin Falola and Emmanuel Mbah, eds., Contemporary Africa: Challenges and Opportunities (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014):191-223.
"Africa and the Making of the Global Environmental Narrative: Challenges and Opportunities for the Continent's Development Initiatives", in Toyin Falola and Jessica Archberger, eds., The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment in Africa (New York: Routledge, 2013): 19-46.
"Mauritius", in Daniel Jean-Jacques and Toyin Falola, ed., Africa: An Encyclopedia of Culture and Society (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2016): 802-826.
"Elijah Masinde", in Emmanuel K. Akyeampong and Henry Louis Gates Jr, eds., Dictionary of African Biography (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011):121-123.
“Leopold II”, in Junius P.
Rodriguez, ed., Slavery in the Modern
World [2 volumes]: A History of
Political, Social, and Economic Oppression, Vol. 1 (Santa Barbara,
California: ABC-CLIO, 2011): 388-390.
"Tippu Tip" in Junius P. Rodriguez, ed., Slavery in the Modern World [2 volumes]: A History of Political, Social, and Economic Oppression, Vol. 2 (Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2011): 521-523.
"East African Cooperation", in Carole Boyce Davis, ed., The Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora (ABC-CLIO, 2008): 407-409.
A review of Daniel Branch, Defeating Mau Mau, Creating Kenya: Counterinsurgency, Civil War, and Decolonization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. xx + 250 pp. H-Africa (August, 2010). See http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=29389
Policy Research Paper
"Past and Current Initiatives in Managing Trans-border Insecurity in Kenya's Turkana Borderlands: Implications for Future Policy", International Development and Research Center and Practical Action Eastern Africa, Policy Paper (November, 2014).
Papers Presented and Panels Chaired
“A Community's View of the Roles of
Colonial and Postcolonial States in Alleviating Cross-Border Conflict: The Case
of the Turkana of Northwestern Kenya”, African Studies Association (ASA), San
Diego, California, November 19, 2015.
Chair of the panel “Litigating
Diverse Subjects: Law, Sovereignty, and State-Building in Early Colonial East
Africa”, at the African Studies Association (ASA), San Diego, California,
November 19, 2015.
“Development Experiments for
Engaging Poverty and Insecurity in a Colonial Borderlands Community: The Case
of the Turkana of northwestern Kenya, 1920-1955”, University of Texas at
Austin, April 5, 2015.
“Land as a Source of National
Narratives in Kenya since Independence”, Presented at the Kenya at 50: Half a
Century of Decolonization and Independence Workshop, St. Lawrence University,
Canton, NY (May 30th-June 1st 2014).
“Transnational Migration and
Ecological and Economic Transformation in Eastern Africa: The Case of the
Maragoli Diaspora in Kigumba Settlement Scheme in Uganda”, at the Africa
Conference, the University of Texas at Austin, April 4-6, 2014.
“Rehabilitating “Tradition” in Soil
Conservation: The Failure of Colonial Efforts in Colonial Western Kenya”,
presented as part of the Maxwell African Scholars Union, Syracuse University,
April 05, 2013.
“Rural Mobilization and Protest
against State Afforestation Initiatives in Western Kenya, 1945-1975”, Present
at Africa Conference, University of Texas, Austin, March 31, 2013.
‘Population Narratives and Constructing
Alternative Agricultural Pathways in Rural Western Kenya, 1945-1963”, paper
presented at the African Studies Association Annual Meeting, the Downtown
Marriot Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, December 1, 2012.
“Reversed Roles: Markets, Peri-urban
Expansion, and Food Insecurity in Rural Kenya”, Co-presented at the “Global Gateways and Local Connections:
Cities, Agriculture, and the Future of Food Systems Conference”, at NYU
Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, June 20, 2012.
“Creating Poor Citizens: Stunted
Land Reforms and Landlessness in Modern Kenya”, Africa Conference on Poverty
and Empowerment at the University of Texas at Austin, March 30-April 1, 2012.
“Africa's Engagement with Global
Environmental Politics: Some Thoughts on Challenges and Opportunities in
Historical and Recent Times”, The Eduardo Mondlane Brown Bag Lunch Series of
the Africa Initiative, Syracuse University, April 7, 2011.
“Africa and the Making of the Global
Environmental Narrative”, Paper presented at the Africa Conference on Africa in World Politics, March 25-27,
2011at the University of Texas at Austin.
“Agrarian Change and Chiefly Power
in Western Kenya, 1920-1950”, Paper
Presented at the 50th African Association Studies Annual Meeting in
New Orleans, LA, November 19, 2009
“The origins, History, and Impact of
the Lord’s Resistance Movement in Northern Uganda and Neighboring Countries”,
Presented to the Ohio State Chapter of Invisible Children, Stradley Hall, Columbus, OH, April 23, 2009:
“Invoking African Tradition and
Knowledge in Accessibility to and Use of Land: The Rural Community Versus the
Colonial State in Western Kenya, 1930-1940”, presented at the African Studies
Association Annual Meeting at the Sheraton Hotel, Chicago, November 15, 2008
“Evaluating the Place of African
Indigenous Institutions in Colonial Soil Conservation Policies in the Kenya
Colony, 1945-1950”, Presented at the African Studies Group, Carnegie Mellon
University, Pittsburgh, November 4, 2007
“The Colonial State and
Contradictions in the Use of African Traditions in Land Management in Western
Kenya, 1930-1950”, presented at the African Studies Association Annual Meeting
at the Sheraton Hotel, New York, October 20, 2007
“British colonial soil conservation
policies and practices in Kenya’s African Reserves as influenced by American
soil conservationism in the 1930s”, a
paper presented at the Senator Rush Holt Conference, West Virginia University,
Morgantown, April 13, 2007.
“Colonial Contradictions in Soil
Conservation Campaigns in Western Kenya, 1930s and 1940s”, a Poster presented
at the Eberly College of Arts and Sciences’ Research Horizon’s Poster Day,
April 5, 2007, at West Virginia University.
“World War II and State Policies for
African Production in Western Kenya: Establishing the Ecological Implications,
1938-1945”, a paper presented at the African Studies Association Annual
Conference Meeting, November 16-19, 2006, St. Westin Hotel, San Francisco, CA.
“Youth and Cultural Tensions in a
Pioneer Mission Community: The Early Years of the Pentecostal Assemblies of
Canada in Western Kenya, 1910-1945”, Paper
presented at the African Studies Association (ASA) Annual Meeting, October
30-November 2, 2003, Boston, MA.
Chaired the Panel Disciplining Youth, African Studies
Association Annual Meeting, October 30-November 2, 2003, Boston MA.
“A States Dilemma Amid Soil Erosion
and Conservation Crisis: Empowering the indigenous Land Authority in Vihiga,
Western Kenya, 1930-1950”. Paper
presented at the African Studies Association Annual Meeting, November 11-14,
2004, New Orleans, LA.
Chaired the Panel Land, Inequality, and Food Security in East
African Studies Association Annual
Meeting, November 11-14, 2004, New Orleans, LA.
Assistant Professor of History (Africa, Pre-colonial, Colonial, Postcolonial) Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University 2010 to the Present
Visiting Assistant Professor College of William and Mary, Williamsburg VA, 2009-2010
Visiting Assistant Professor Ohio State University, Columbus OH, 2008-2009
Colonial and postcolonial rural Agrarian transformation; Land politics, Environmental transformations that impact on community livelihoods in rural populations of Africa; Modern African state politics
Research Grants and Awards
International Development Research Center Grant (IDRC) (CANADIAN $45,000), to facilitate research on Environment and Cross-border human insecurity in Kenya's northwestern international borders (October 2013-Novermber 2014)
Appleby-Mosher Fund, Faculty Summer Research Grant, Maxwell School of Syracuse University, 2012-2013
Appleby-Mosher Fund, Faculty Summer Research Grant Maxwell School of Syracuse University, 2011-2012
Pigott Research Fund, History Department, Syracuse University, 2011
Dean's Doctoral Students Dissertation Travel Fund, 2004/2005, Eberly College of Arts and Sciences, West Virginia University
Selected Professional Activities
African Studies Association (ASA)
British Institute of East Africa
Kenya Scholars and Studies Association (KESSA)
Editorial Advisory Board Member, Kenya Studies Review Journal
Chaired Conference panels at the ASA, and African Conference and the University of Texas, Austin