- Ayodhya (EYE-’YODE’-YA)
Capital city of Kosala which was ruled by Dasaratha, later by Rama.
- Asoka (AH-’SHOW’-KA)
Garden in Lanka where Ravana kept Sita captive.
- Avatar (AH-VAH-’TAR’)
The incarnation of a god into another form. The incarnation of Vishnu on earth is Rama.
- Bharata (BAH-’HRA’-TA)
Son of Queen Kaikeyi and the half brother of Rama.
A promise or reward
- Brahma (‘BRAH’-MA)
The creator god of the Hindu triad of gods which includes Shiva and Vishnu.
- Chitrakoot (CHEE-TRAH-’KOOT’)
A beautiful forest where Rama, Sita and Lakshmana lived.
- Dandaka (‘DAHN’-DA-KA)
Great forest which Rama, Sita and Lakshmana traveled through for ten years of their exile.
- Dasaratha (DAH-SHAH-’RAH’-TA)
King of Kosala and Rama's earthly father
- Dharma (‘DAR’-MA)
Laws, duties and obligations
- Dushan (‘DOO-SHUN)
Brother of Ravana and Surpurnakha.
- Ganges (‘GAHN’-JEEZ)
The river considered sacred by Hindus.
- Garuda (GAH-’ROO’-DA)
King of winged creatures
- Godavari (GO-’DAH’-VA-REE)
River Rama, Sita and Lakshmana cross to get to Panchavati.
- Hanuman (‘HUN’-YOU-MUN)
Monkey warrior who became Rama's devoted friend and servant.
- Indrajit (IN-’DRAH’-JIT)
Ravana's favorite son who fought Rama with magical weapons.
Leader of the bears who found Sita.
- Janaka (‘JAH’-NA-KA)
King of Mithila who found Sita in a furrow.
- Jatayu (JA-’TIE’-YOO)
The great bird who tried to rescue Sita and was killed by Ravana.
Dasaratha's youngest queen and the mother of Bharata. She called for Rama's exile.
- Kailasa (KYE-’LAH’-SA)
Mountain where Hanuman found the medicinal herbs.
- Kausalya (COW-’SAL’-YA)
Dasaratha's queen and Rama's mother.
- Khar (CAR)- Brother of Ravana and Surpurnakha.
- Kiskindha (KISH-’KIN’-DA)
The monkey kingdom ruled by Sugriva.
- Kosala (KOH-’SAH’-LA)
The kingdom ruled by Dasaratha.
- Kush (COOSH)
Sita and Rama's son, twin of Lava.
- Lakshmana (LAKS-’SHMA’-NA)
Queen Sumitra's son and devoted half-brother of Rama.
- Lanka (‘LAHNG’-KA)
Island kingdom ruled by Ravana
- Lava (‘LAH’-VA)
Sita and Rama's son, twin of Kush.
- Lotus (‘LOW’-TUSS)
Flower; Hindu symbol of beauty, purity & good fortune
- Manthara (‘MAHN’-TA-RA)
Maid servant who convinced Kaikeyi to have Rama exiled and make Bharata king.
- Mantra (‘MAHN’-TRA)
Hindu prayers or incantations.
- Mareech (MUH-’REACH’)
The magician who helped Ravana capture Sita.
- Nala (‘NAH’-LA)
Son of the great builder who helped Rama construct the bridge to Lanka.
- Panchavati (PUN-CHA-’VAH’-TEE)
Rama, Sita and Lakshmana’s abode in the forest.
- Payasam (‘PYE’-EH-SUM)
A mixture of rice pudding, milk and sugar.
- Rakshasas (‘RAHK’-SHA-SHASS)
- Ravana (‘RAH’-VA-NA)
King of Lanka who kidnaped Sita and was defeated by Rama.
- Sanyasi (SUN-’YAH’-SEE)
A religious man who lives in a forest, a hermit.
- Sarayu (SAH-’RYE’-YOO)
The river that runs alongside Ayodhya.
- Sari (‘SAH’-REE)
A garment of yards of cloth draped to form a skirt and head or shoulder covering.
- Sat-purusa (SAHT-POO-’ROO’-SHA)
The ideal Hindu man.
- Shiva (‘SHIV’-AH)
The deity whose bow Rama lifted to win Sita's hand in marriage.
- Surpanakha (SHURE-’PAH’-NAH-KA)
Ravana's demon sister.
- Sita (‘SEE’-TA)
Daughter of King Janaka, wife of Rama; name literally means “furrow.”
- Sugriva (SOO-’GREE’-VA)
Monkey king of Kiskindha who helped Rama get Sita back.
- Sumantra (SOO-’MAHN’-TRA)
Charioteer of Kosala.
- Sumitra (SOO-’MEE’-TRA)
One of Dasaratha's queens and mother of twin sons Shatrughna and Lakshmana.
- Tataka (‘TAH’-TA-KA)
Demoness who was killed by Rama.
- Valmiki (VAHL-’MEE’-KEE)
Poet and author of the Ramayana who helps Sita and her twin sons.
- Vasistha (VAH-’SEESH’-TA)
Priest to King Dasaratha.
- Vibhishana (VEE-’BEE’SHA-NA)
Ravana's brother who leaves Lanka to join Rama.
- Vishnu (‘VISH’-NOO)
God who came to earth in the form of Rama to rid the world of demons.
- Vishwamitra (VISH-WAH-’MEE’TRA)
Religious man; went to forest with Rama to kill the demons that were bothering him.