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  • Simulations - 模拟 - Simulaciones

  • Teaching Collaboration: Collaborative public management, networks, governance, and problem solving have become essential topics in most public management and public policy programs. One of the best ways to prepare students to operate in a collaborative world is through the use of case studies, simulations, and negotiation exercises. These resources were designed for use in teaching collaboration skills, and were selected through an annual competition sponsored by the Program for the Advancement of Research on Conflict and Collaboration (PARCC) at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University.

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    Addressing ELCA: An Exercise in Designing and Facilitating Stakeholder Processes

    To promote an understanding of the complexities behind stakeholder engagement in multi-actor environmental and land use planning processes, this simulation asks students to design and facilitate a citizen/stakeholder meeting in the early stages of a long-term collaborative project where economic, environmental and social interests converge. AUTHOR: Rob Alexander, Rochester Institute of Technology. First Place Award, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2010


    Balancing Competition within a Homeless Services Provider Network: Brookfield County's Continuum of Care

    Nonprofit human service organizations operate in an environment that is simultaneously collaborative and competitive. This simulation prompts students to work through a common scenario that occurs among local homeless and housing service providers as they are forced to manage complex and ongoing competition-collaboration dynamics. AUTHOR: Kelly LeRoux, University of Illinois at Chicago. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2012

    City Park: Community Collaboration and Rotating Facilitator Exercise

    This exercise gives students a chance to both participate in a collaborative problem-solving process and practice facilitating a meeting as part of that process. The simulation spans five meetings of an ad hoc working group put together by the city council to explore options for the future of a city park. AUTHORS: John B. Stephens and Ricardo S. Morse, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2012

    Collaboration Gone Awry: A Struggle for Power and Control over Service Delivery in the Non-Profit Sector.

    In this simulation, entitled "Exploring Perspectives of Individual Collaborating Organizations," several nonprofit and government agencies come together to develop and implement a streamlined first response protocol for victims of sexual assault and domestic violence. Students practice collaborative problem solving from the perspective of five organizations and their representatives. AUTHORS: Melissa Brazil and Eli Teram, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2010


    Collaborative Design of Citizen Engagement in City and County Comprehensive Planning

    Students explore the challenges of public managers collaborating with the public as they work with elected officials, citizen activists, and business representatives to create a proposal for engaging citizens in comprehensive planning. This simulation allows students to experience collaborative problem solving and can be used to teach facilitation skills. AUTHOR: Thomas A. Bryer, University of Central Florida. First Place Award, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2007


    Collaborative Solutions to Transportation, Land Use and Community Design Issues: The City of Chance and Lucky Highway 13

    In this simulation, local government officials, highway officials, business representatives, and community protection advocates are asked to develop a consensus design plan, with the intent of satisfying as many interests as possible. AUTHOR: Jeff Loux, University of California, Davis. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2007



    This simulation prompts students to work on interest-based collaborative problems in a role play that parallels the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The framework involves two disputing parties and a third-party intervener, all of whom must choose whether to fall into familiar patterns of competition and coercion, or endeavor to collaborate and achieve cooperative outcomes. AUTHORS: Noam Ebner and Yael Efron, Tachlit Mediation and Negotiation Training, Israel. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2007


    Corruption in Atlantikk Simulation

    Corruption in the Republic of Atlantikk is a simulation designed to illuminate the challenges and complexities of public administration, corruption and sustainable development in an international setting characterized by significant ambiguity, expectations for collaboration, and divisive organizational politics. AUTHORS: Tina Nabatchi and Rigo Melgar-Melgar, Syracuse University Maxwell School. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2017

    Creating a Community Partnership

    For this simulation, students must craft a proposal that reflects a federal funder’s goal of using multiorganizational partnerships to address public issues at the local level. Proposals must explain how partnerships will be structured, how networks will be managed, what governance issues are likely to arise, and how success will be measured. AUTHORS: Keith Provan and Brint Milward, University of Arizona. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2007


    DeBola: A Prisoner's Dilemma Simulation-Game for NGOs

    DeBola is a prisoners dilemma simulation-game for teaching collaborative problem solving, conflict analysis and resolution, negotiation, and decision-making. Specifically, it does so in the context of NGOs and mission-driven organizations. Set against the background of ongoing Ebola outbreaks in Africa, a scenario right out of today’s headlines, it offers participants the sense of applying their analysis and skills to real-world problems.  AUTHOR: Noam Ebner, of Creighton University School of Law. Winner First Place, Best Teaching Simulation Competition 2017


    Developing a Young Professionals Network for the Arts

    A local government arts and culture agency facing budget cuts must promote existing programs while developing new programming through new networks. In this simulation, students learn an 8-step process for creating a new network from the ground up, from identifying needs to selecting a management structure. AUTHORS: Thomas A. Bryer and Kristin N. Stewart, University of Central Florida. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2008


    Education in Adlabad

    This simulation illuminates the complexities and challenges of public administration and management in an international network setting characterized by significant ambiguity, expectations for collaboration, and divisive organizational politics. AUTHOR: Tina Nabatchi, Maxwell School, Syracuse University. First Place Award, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2012

    Emergency Management and Homeland Security: Interagency Collaboration - Emergency!

    Public officials engage in a six-party negotiation to develop a plan to use federal funds for emergency preparedness, agree on an on-going relationship, and develop a press strategy. This role-play simulation works best for participants who have experience with interest-based negotiation. AUTHORS: David E. Booher and Adam Sutkus, Center for Collaborative Policy, California State University Sacramento. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2008

    Epidemic- A Community Health Collaborative Simulation

    Vexing community problems require the input of a variety of partners, and each partner brings a unique perspective on problem definition and resolution. This diversity is both a strength and a weakness. Multiple perspectives provide a more complex understanding of the problem, but also introduce conflict to the collaboration. To illustrate this paradox, this simulation provides an opportunity to examine different ways of thinking about shared community health problems. AUTHOR: Heather Getha-Taylor, School of Public Affairs and Administration, University of Kansas. Honorable Mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2018.


    Exercise in Environmental Collaborative Planning

    This simulation provides students with the experience of working in a contentious, collaborative environment to create a site development plan for property in a river flood plain. AUTHOR: Mike George, University of Nebraska. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2011 

    FlashPoint: Syria, 2014 –– An International Conflict Management Simulation

    This simulation game is constructed as a teaching tool for the topics of conflict analysis and resolution, collaboration, negotiation, mediation and public international law. Set against the background of the ongoing crisis in Syria, it offers students the sense of applying their analysis and skills to real-world problems; it can be updated to reflect the realities in the region as these develop and change. AUTHORS: Noam Ebner, Creighton Univ. Law School; Yael Efron, Zefat College School of Law; Nellie Munin, Zefat Academic College. First Place Award, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2014


    Fracked: Uncertainties in Negotiated Rule Making

    A rural community faces the potential positives and negatives of hydraulic fracturing for natural gas extractions and becomes involved with a state-level negotiated rulemaking process.  New information regarding possible negative health impacts that emerges mid-negotiation alters the negotiation dynamics. AUTHORS: Rob Alexander, Natalie Abel, and Matthew Williams, James Madison University. First Place Award, Best Teaching Simulation Competition 2015. 


    Gray Wolf: Fairness and Justice in Collaborative Governance

    This simulated negotiation, based on the establishment of a wolf-hunting season in Minnesota in 2012, is meant to portray a realistic collaborative effort to manage wolf populations as management of the species shifts to state control following its removal from the federal Endangered Species List. The stakeholders represent diametrically opposing views; however, there is room in the issues and options agreed upon to find a distributively fair and procedurally just solution for all members. AUTHORS: Lauren Elizabeth Colwell and Steve Smutko, Haub School of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Wyoming. First place, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2013

    Hydrofracturing in New Frackillvania

    This simulation uses a role play approach to facilitate discussion and allow students to dig deep into “thorny” issues, while applying theory to a real case experience. The case draws on a variety of social and environmental problems related to hydrofracturing across the U.S. States.  The roles are based on real NGOs, industry associations, and participants in stakeholder participatory processes.  AUTHOR: Daniel Matisoff, Georgia Institute of Technology.  Honorable Mention in Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2019.

    Joint Action Plan- Negotiations on the Iran Nuclear Deal

    This negotiation simulation is based on the negotiations held in 2014-15 between selected stakeholders in the international community and Iran to limit its nuclear program in return for the lifting of international sanctions. It also addresses the role of culture in negotiations. AUTHORS: Anil Raman, an officer in the Indian Army, is currently a graduate student in the Global & Area Studies Department at the University of Wyoming and Steven Smutko, who prepared the training note,  Spicer Chair of Collaborative Practice in the Haub School of Environment and Natural Resources at the University of Wyoming.  Honorable mention in Best Teaching Simulation Competition 2016.

    Learning about Individual Collaborative Strengths: A LEGO Scrum Simulation

    Growing research on individual collaborative strengths emphasizes the need to reconsider traditional approaches to development. This simulation is an experiential learning opportunity that designed to help students understand their strengths and the ways in which individual collaboration styles impact group processes and outcomes. AUTHORS: Heather Getha-Taylor and Alexey Krivitsky, School of Public Affairs and Administration, University of Kansas. First place, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2013

    Little Golano

    Designed for dedicated and committed participants, the Little Golano simulation engrosses students in an environment that engenders in-depth understanding of the complexities of managing international conflict, and advanced skill-building in conflict resolution, negotiation and mediation. AUTHORS: Noam Ebner, Werner Institute of Creighton University, and Yael Efron, Zefat Academic College - School of Law, Hebrew University. First Place Award, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2011

    Mapping Network Structure in Complex Community Collaboratives

    Public and not-for-profit managers increasingly require tools for managing collaborative processes. This simulation develops students’ ability to visualize and map a network of relationships, which can aid in identifying missing actors, weak or redundant points in a network, and strengths of the network structure. AUTHORS: Mark Davis and Danielle Varda, University of Colorado. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2011

    Model EU-European Council-European Agenda on Migration Simulation

    The European Agenda on Migration focuses on the issue of migration to the EU in the midst of an ongoing humanitarian crisis. It is a teaching-tool for undergraduate and graduate courses on such topics as European Union studies, international organizations, international relations, conflict analysis and resolution, negotiation, mediation, and international law. It can also for preparing for or conducting Model European conferences. AUTHORS: Noam Ebner, Professor, Negotiation and Conflict Resolution (NCR) Program, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, Creighton University; Alexandru Balas, Director, Clark Center for Global Engagement and Assistant Professor of International Studies, SUNY Cortland; Andreas Kotelis, Visiting Instructor at SUNY-Cortland; and the EU Delegation to the U.S.  First Place Award, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2018. 

    Negotiating Science and Policy in Collaborative Hydropower Licensing

    This simulation uses a collaborative process for licensing hydropower facilities to introduce students to the role of technical and scientific information in multiparty environmental negotiations. AUTHORS: Nicola Ulibarri, Department of Planning, Policy and Design, University of California, Irvine and Kirk Emerson, School of Government and Public Policy, University of Arizona. First Place Award, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2016. 

    Pablo-Burford Sustainable Water Quality Network

    This simulation focuses on two countries that face a water crisis and must work together to protect their shared underground aquifers. The existing international agreements do not provide the means to resolve the numerous disputes. Therefore community groups organize a meeting of network members called ''the Summit," the purpose of which is to reach agreement amongst primary stakeholders on the major issues surrounding groundwater quality and availability.  AUTHORS: Adapted by Rosemary O'Leary and Rob Alexander (2011) with permission from the Sustainability Challenge Foundation.

    Restoration of the Wic Wac Valley

    This collaborative problem solving simulation addresses perceived environmental and economic issues related to decommissioning a dam and land use conflicts. Students are able to practice both interest-based negotiation, facilitation, and conflict resolution in a complex policy setting. AUTHOR: Jeff Loux, University of California, Davis. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2007


    Revising the Worker Protection Standards Negotiated Rulemaking Exercise

    Based on actual negotiated rule-making by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for Worker Protection Standards, this simulation involves a process in which four groups representing diverse interests work toward agreement on proposed rules. AUTHOR: Alma Lowry, Syracuse University. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2008


    Roles of Public Managers in Networked Governance

    This simulation provides students the opportunity to engage in a negotiation process to develop a land tenure system to resolve land disputes in a post-disaster context in a developing country. Students will take on roles shaped by different ways of knowing, values, and expertise in the negotiation and reflect on roles of public managers in resolving conflicting points of view and manifestations of knowledge and power regarding post-disaster redevelopment and land tenure.  AUTHORS: William Butler,  Catherine Lampi, and Francisco Rosado, Florida State University's Department of Urban and Regional Planning.  Honorable Mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2016. 

    Silver World: Science in International Policy Making

    Silver World is a simulated experience that evokes and replicates important aspects of international policy-making. It is designed to help participants understand the important balance between scientific, social, and economic views in the context of environmental decision-making. The simulation is modeled after the ongoing United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) Intergovernmental Negotiations on Mercury.  AUTHOR: Svetoslava Todorova, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Syracuse University.  Honorable Mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2016.

    Simple Network Collaborative Process

    Government increasingly relies on networks of providers to deliver goods and services, involving multiple, autonomous organizations working together toward a goal. This simulation, meant for management courses that cover interorganizational collaboration, allows students to experience and discuss the rewards and challenges of a collaborative network process. AUTHOR: Julia Carboni, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2013

    Strategic Network Management in a Community Collaborative

    Network Theory and Social Network Analysis (SNA) are applied in this simulation to examine the organizational networks in public health partnerships. The exercise includes a brief overview of SNA, allowing students to become familiar with the concept and language. AUTHOR: Danielle M. Varda, University of Colorado- Denver. First Place Award, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2008

    The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Simulation

    The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a role play designed to illuminate the challenges of collaboration for addressing wicked problems. The role play requires actors from six organizations to come together to discuss the possibilities for creating a collaborative governance regime to address the problem of the Garbage Patch.  AUTHORS: Khaldoun AbouAssi, American University and Tina Nabatchi, Syracuse University Maxwell School. Winner First Place, Best Teaching Simulation Competition 2017  

    The Toxic Node

    The simulation focuses on decision-making, resource allocation, and conflict management among representatives of public and nonprofit organizations. It focuses on a scenario where one organizational leader, the toxic node, has incentives to sabotage the collaboration. It is appropriate for classes in public administration, nonprofit management, and educational administration, and modules in problem-solving, network management, collaborative governance, negotiation, and conflict resolution. AUTHORS: Katherine R. Cooper, DePaul University, H. Brinton Milward, University of Arizona, and Michelle Shumate, Northwestern University. Winner Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2019.

    To Collaborate… or Not?

    This simple seven person simulation is designed to help participants think through whether to collaborate or not, and if yes, with whom?  AUTHOR: Rosemary O’Leary, University of Kansas School of Public Affairs. Honorable Mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2015.

    Tobacco Settlement Distribution Simulation

    After a state receives a $2.5 billion tobacco settlement, public officials must negotiate over how the funds will be allocated. This simulation asks students to operate in a network of public organizations, concerned taxpayers, policy advocates, and elected officials as they balance advocacy and inquiry and work toward both common and diverse goals. AUTHORS: Linda Blessing and Bette F. DeGraw, Arizona State University. Honorable mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2007


    Ukraine in Conflict

    Ukraine in Conflict is a negotiation simulation based on the events following the Ukrainian revolution of December 2013.  This simulation can be used to teach negotiation, mediation, conflict resolution, and international conflict. Based on events occurring in Ukraine in 2014, the simulation allows for a realistic situation with very possible roles and outcomes.  AUTHORS: Zachary Barr, and Steven Smutko, University of Wyoming. Honorable Mention, Best Teaching Simulation Competition, 2015.