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COVID Mortality Rates were Higher in States that Limited Enacting Public Health Emergency Orders

Xue Zhang, Mildred E. Warner, and Gen Meredith
This brief summarizes the results of a study that used data from the Center for Public Health Law Research and Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker to explore which states passed laws that limited emergency public health authority during the COVID-19 pandemic and the effects of those limits on COVID-19 death rates. 
August 30, 2023

ACA Medicaid Expansions Did Not Significantly Improve Maternal Morbidity

Pinka Chatterji, Hanna Glenn, Sara Markowitz, and Jennifer Karas Montez
This data slice summarizes findings from a study that tested whether ACA Medicaid expansions helped reduce severe maternal morbidity.
August 30, 2023

Older Adults with a History of Psychiatric Conditions Experience More Cognitive Decline

Maria T. Brown and Miriam Mutambudzi
This data slice explores the associations between psychiatric history and cognitive function among U.S. White, Black, and Hispanic adults aged 65 and older from 1995 to 2014. 
July 12, 2023

Democratic Erosion Predicts Rising Deaths from Drug Poisoning and Infectious Disease

Jennifer Karas Montez, Kent Jason G. Cheng, and Jacob M. Grumbach
This brief summarizes a study examining how changes in electoral democracy in the 50 states predicted changes in the risk of death among adults ages 25-64 during 2000-2019.
June 22, 2023

Collegiate Recovery Programs are An Effective But Underused Resource on College Campuses

Emily Graham
This brief explores the barriers to accessing Collegiate Recovery Programs on college campuses and provides recommendations to enhance student engagement and wellbeing.
May 26, 2023

How Did Healthcare Affordability Change for U.S. Adults with ID After Implementing the ACA?

Nastassia Vaitsiakhovich
This brief summarizes the findings from a recent study that examined patterns in healthcare affordability under the ACA or noninstitutionalized adults ages 18-64 with intellectual disabilities. 
May 3, 2023

Medicaid-Insured Older Adults on SNAP May Have Stronger Medication Adherence

Colleen Heflin, Chinedum O. Ojinnaka, Irma Arteaga, Leslie Hodges, and Gabriella Alphonso
This brief summarizes the findings from a recent study, which linked Missouri Medicaid administrative claims data to SNAP data from 2006 to 2014. 
April 17, 2023

Financial Rewards Tied to Quality Measures Lead Home Health Agencies to Exaggerate  Improvements

Jun Li and Meher Chahal
This brief summarizes the results of a recent study evaluating the program’s impact on quality measures within the HHVBP and whether there was a relationship between incentive size and apparent quality. 
April 10, 2023

What is the Effect of Opioid Use During Pregnancy on Infant Health and Wellbeing at Birth?

Jessica Pac, Christine Durrance, Lawrence Berger, and Deborah Ehrenthal

This brief summarizes the results from a  study that evaluated the effects of exposure to prescription and illicit opioids during pregnancy on infant health and wellbeing at birth. 

March 31, 2023

Federal Medication-Assisted Treatment Expansion Grants Do Not Reduce Homelessness

Andrew Sullivan and Changwe Park
This brief examined differences in homelessness and employment outcomes between places that received a MAT grant and those that did not.
March 31, 2023

Which Demographic Groups and Which Places Have the Highest Drug Overdose Rates in the U.S.?

Shannon Monnat
This brief describes demographic and geographic differences in fatal drug overdose rates from 1999-2020. 
March 31, 2023

Over Two-Thirds of Opioid Overdose Victims in Canada were Employed Before They Died

Alexander Cheung, Joseph Marchand, and Patricia Mark
The authors of this brief quantify the lost labor productivity from opioid overdoses in Canada. 
March 31, 2023

The OxyContin® Reformulation in 2010 Increased States’ Food Insecurity Rates

Colleen Heflin and Xiaohan Sun
This brief shows that states with higher initial OxyContin® misuse rates had an increase in food insecurity after OxyContin® reformulation. 
March 31, 2023

Counties with Higher Prescription Opioid Presence Have Slower Student Learning Rates

Jessica Drescher and Carrie Townley-Flores
This brief shows that students in counties with high levels of opioid prescribing are learning more slowly over time than their peers in counties with low levels of opioid prescribing. 
March 31, 2023

U.S. Counties with Higher Drug Overdose Rates Have Lower School Test Scores.

Rajeev Darolia, Sam Owens, and John Tyler
This brief describes the link between county-level opioid overdose rates and children’s test scores, finding that counties with higher overdose rates have lower average 3rd and 8th-grade test scores than counties with lower overdose rates. 
March 31, 2023

How has the Opioid Overdose Crisis Affected Child Maltreatment in the U.S.?

Alexander Chapman
This brief summarizes results from a study examining the association between U.S. county-level opioid mortality rates and child maltreatment rates from 2007 to 2017. Places with higher opioid overdose mortality rates have higher rates of child maltreatment. 
March 31, 2023

How Has the Opioid Crisis Affected Health, Health Care Use, and Crime in the United States?

Johanna Catherine Maclean, Justine Mallatt, Christopher J. Ruhm, and Kosali Simon
This brief summarizes what is known about the relationships between opioid misuse, health, healthcare use, and crime.
March 21, 2023

The Opioid Epidemic Has Disrupted Children’s Living Arrangements

Mónica L. Caudillo, Andres Villarreal, and Philip N. Cohen
This brief summarizes how children’s living arrangements have changed during the opioid epidemic.
March 21, 2023

Opioid Treatment Programs Can Reduce Opioid-Related Emergency Dept Visits and Foster Care Placements

Lindsey Rose Bullinger, Vivian Wang, and Kenneth A. Feder
This brief explores the positive effects of medication-assisted treatments on children and their caregivers and the cost savings for foster care agencies.
March 21, 2023

Poor Children Have Lower Literacy Skills than their Higher-Income Peers

Michah W. Rothbart, Colleen Heflin, and Gabriella Alphonso

This study finds that children in households that participate in more than one social assistance program (such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programs, and Free or Reduced-Price Lunch) have lower literacy skills when they enter kindergarten than children whose households participate in fewer or no social programs. 

March 20, 2023

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Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion and Population Health