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How Has the Opioid Crisis Affected Health, Health Care Use, and Crime in the United States?

March 21, 2023
This brief summarizes what is known about the relationships between opioid misuse, health, healthcare use, and crime.

The Opioid Epidemic Has Disrupted Children’s Living Arrangements

March 21, 2023
This brief summarizes how children’s living arrangements have changed during the opioid epidemic.

Opioid Treatment Programs Can Reduce Opioid-Related Emergency Dept Visits and Foster Care Placements

March 21, 2023
This brief explores the positive effects of medication-assisted treatments on children and their caregivers and the cost savings for foster care agencies.

Poor Children Have Lower Literacy Skills than their Higher-Income Peers

March 20, 2023

This study finds that children in households that participate in more than one social assistance program (such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programs, and Free or Reduced-Price Lunch) have lower literacy skills when they enter kindergarten than children whose households participate in fewer or no social programs. 

State COVID-19 Policies that Restricted In-Person Interaction and Economic Support Saved Lives

February 21, 2023

This brief summarizes the results of a recent study examining how U.S. states’ COVID-19 policies were related to COVID-19 mortality rates from April to December 2020. 

CDC Guidelines Hide the Alzheimer Disease Mortality Burden among Adults with Down Syndrome

February 20, 2023

This brief summarizes results from a recent study seeking to accurately measure the disparity in the Alzheimer disease mortality burden between adults with versus without Down syndrome for years 2005-2019. 

Exposure to Free School Meals in Kindergarten Has Lasting Positive Effects on Students’ Attendance

February 7, 2023

This brief summarizes findings examining the relationship between exposure to UFM in kindergarten and attendance and weight outcomes in NYC students from grades K-3. The results demonstrate that children who receive free meals through UFM in kindergarten have better school attendance than those who do not. In addition, there is no evidence receiving free meals in kindergarten affects weight outcomes.  

The U.S. Should Increase Access to Medication for Opioid Use Disorder Among Incarcerated Individuals

January 31, 2023

This brief describes the use of Medication for Opioid Use Disorder (MOUD) and Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) as realistic and legally protected approaches to reducing overdoses upon exiting incarceration. It also calls for federal regulation and guidance on the use of MOUD in prisons, jails, and drug courts to ensure each person who needs treatment receives it.

The End of the “Chemical Imbalance” Theory of Depression - What Now?

January 24, 2023

This brief summarizes new findings examining the theory that depression is caused by a chemical imbalance and calls for healthcare professionals and patients to consider the market influences and social structures that impact health.  

Food Insecurity is a Common Problem for Military Service Members and their Families

January 16, 2023

This brief summarizes the key findings of a memorandum and discusses what can be done to improve food security among active-duty military members and their families.

How Did COVID-19 School Closures Affect Adolescents with ADHD?

January 11, 2023
This brief summarizes results from a recent study examining the risks, protective factors, and family processes that shaped well-being among adolescents during COVID-19-related school closures. 

Mothers of Disabled Children Faced Numerous Challenges During the COVID-19 Pandemic

December 13, 2022
This brief summarizes results from a recent study on the challenges mothers of disabled children faced during the COVID-19 pandemic during the Spring of 2020 in Central New York.

Combating Social Isolation and Loneliness Among Veterans after Separation from Military Service

December 7, 2022
This brief explores the negative impacts of social isolation and loneliness on veteran health and wellbeing. 

How Has Grandparenthood Changed in Rural China?

November 29, 2022

This data slice examines the changes in grandparenting in rural China and calls for policies that decrease caregiver burnout, stress, and associated poor health outcomes. 

Older Adults on SNAP Experience Gaps in Benefits

November 28, 2022
This brief summarizes a recent study examining administrative churn among Missouri SNAP participants aged 60 years and older. 

The Unequal Burden of Long COVID

November 16, 2022

This data slice summarizes data from the U.S. Census Household Pulse Survey and reports that although there are no significant racial/ethnic differences in overall activity limitations from long COVID, a higher percentage of Black and Hispanic/Latino adults report experiencing “significant” activity limitations compared to Whites.

Limited Cognitive Ability May Reduce SNAP Participation among Older Adults

November 1, 2022
This brief summarizes the results of a recent study examining the impact of cognitive decline on SNAP participation among adults aged 60 yrs. and older.

Conservative State Policies Contribute to Higher Mortality Rates among Working-age Americans

October 25, 2022
This study examined how state policies on criminal justice, taxes, environment, firearms, marijuana, health care, labor, and tobacco were associated with the risk of dying among working-age adults from 2000 to 2019.

The Cost of Being a Woman: How Race and Education Affect the Gender Pay Gap

October 18, 2022
This brief explores pay inequities in 2020 by race/ethnicity, gender, and educational attainment. 

Older Immigrants Are More Likely Than Older Nonimmigrants to Experience Loneliness

October 11, 2022

This research brief explores the impact of age at immigration on feelings of loneliness and considers factors such as health, socio-demographics, and engagement in volunteering in the assessment.

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Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion and Population Health