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Cognitive Functioning among U.S. Older Adults Differs by Gender and Urbanicity

Elizabeth Lawrence, Samantha John, and Tirth Bhatta
This data slice uses data from the Health Retirement Study to describe how cognitive functioning among adults ages 50+ differed by gender and across urban, suburban, and ex-urban areas in the U.S. from 1999-2016. 
January 9, 2024

The Government Must Revise Public Housing Policies to Protect Vulnerable Populations from Evictions

Caroline Grabowski
This brief describes how the Anit-Drug Abuse Act negatively affects housing outcomes among people who use drugs and their families and advocates for an approach that prioritizes the long-term health and wellbeing among public housing tenants.
December 19, 2023

Bridging the Gap: Reducing Disparities in Reproductive Healthcare for Black and White Women

Emma Weiden
This brief summarizes disparities in reproductive healthcare outcomes for Black women compared to White women in the U.S., advocates for policy changes, and provides recommendations for addressing racial disparities to create more equitable reproductive healthcare.
December 12, 2023

Stronger Regulations on Air Pollution Could Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Rates

Yue Sun
Cutting air pollution to match the World Health Organization’s proposed standards could have prevented over 300,000 cardiovascular disease deaths in 2016-18.
December 5, 2023

Behavioral Science Interventions Could Increase SNAP Comprehension Among Military Families

Colleen Heflin, Hannah Patnaik, Leonard Lopoo, and Siobhan O’Keefe
Making small behavioral science informed changes to SNAP informational flyers increased military & veteran families’ knowledge about benefits & may help to increase SNAP uptake in this population. 
November 28, 2023

Renegotiating Support and Benefits for Veterans with Less Than Honorable Discharges

Mariah Brennan and Emily Graham
This brief summarizes the different military discharge types, explains how less than “Honorable” discharges can affect veteran health, identifies groups of veterans who are at risk of receiving a less than “Honorable” discharge, and makes policy recommendations for the Department of Defense (DoD), civilian employers, and community healthcare providers.
November 22, 2023

Sexual Minorities are More Depressed and Anxious than Heterosexuals in the U.S.

Joshua Grove
This data slice uses data from the 2022 National Wellbeing Survey to explore the prevalence of depression and anxiety among U.S. adults ages 18-64.

November 14, 2023

COVID Mortality Rates were Higher in States that Limited Enacting Public Health Emergency Orders

Xue Zhang, Mildred E. Warner, and Gen Meredith
This brief summarizes the results of a study that used data from the Center for Public Health Law Research and Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker to explore which states passed laws that limited emergency public health authority during the COVID-19 pandemic and the effects of those limits on COVID-19 death rates. 
August 30, 2023

ACA Medicaid Expansions Did Not Significantly Improve Maternal Morbidity

Pinka Chatterji, Hanna Glenn, Sara Markowitz, and Jennifer Karas Montez
This data slice summarizes findings from a study that tested whether ACA Medicaid expansions helped reduce severe maternal morbidity.
August 30, 2023

Older Adults with a History of Psychiatric Conditions Experience More Cognitive Decline

Maria T. Brown and Miriam Mutambudzi
This data slice explores the associations between psychiatric history and cognitive function among U.S. White, Black, and Hispanic adults aged 65 and older from 1995 to 2014. 
July 12, 2023

Democratic Erosion Predicts Rising Deaths from Drug Poisoning and Infectious Disease

Jennifer Karas Montez, Kent Jason G. Cheng, and Jacob M. Grumbach
This brief summarizes a study examining how changes in electoral democracy in the 50 states predicted changes in the risk of death among adults ages 25-64 during 2000-2019.
June 22, 2023

Collegiate Recovery Programs are An Effective But Underused Resource on College Campuses

Emily Graham
This brief explores the barriers to accessing Collegiate Recovery Programs on college campuses and provides recommendations to enhance student engagement and wellbeing.
May 26, 2023

How Did Healthcare Affordability Change for U.S. Adults with ID After Implementing the ACA?

Nastassia Vaitsiakhovich
This brief summarizes the findings from a recent study that examined patterns in healthcare affordability under the ACA or noninstitutionalized adults ages 18-64 with intellectual disabilities. 
May 3, 2023

Medicaid-Insured Older Adults on SNAP May Have Stronger Medication Adherence

Colleen Heflin, Chinedum O. Ojinnaka, Irma Arteaga, Leslie Hodges, and Gabriella Alphonso
This brief summarizes the findings from a recent study, which linked Missouri Medicaid administrative claims data to SNAP data from 2006 to 2014. 
April 17, 2023

Financial Rewards Tied to Quality Measures Lead Home Health Agencies to Exaggerate  Improvements

Jun Li and Meher Chahal
This brief summarizes the results of a recent study evaluating the program’s impact on quality measures within the HHVBP and whether there was a relationship between incentive size and apparent quality. 
April 10, 2023

What is the Effect of Opioid Use During Pregnancy on Infant Health and Wellbeing at Birth?

Jessica Pac, Christine Durrance, Lawrence Berger, and Deborah Ehrenthal

This brief summarizes the results from a  study that evaluated the effects of exposure to prescription and illicit opioids during pregnancy on infant health and wellbeing at birth. 

March 31, 2023

Federal Medication-Assisted Treatment Expansion Grants Do Not Reduce Homelessness

Andrew Sullivan and Changwe Park
This brief examined differences in homelessness and employment outcomes between places that received a MAT grant and those that did not.
March 31, 2023

Which Demographic Groups and Which Places Have the Highest Drug Overdose Rates in the U.S.?

Shannon Monnat
This brief describes demographic and geographic differences in fatal drug overdose rates from 1999-2020. 
March 31, 2023

Over Two-Thirds of Opioid Overdose Victims in Canada were Employed Before They Died

Alexander Cheung, Joseph Marchand, and Patricia Mark
The authors of this brief quantify the lost labor productivity from opioid overdoses in Canada. 
March 31, 2023

The OxyContin® Reformulation in 2010 Increased States’ Food Insecurity Rates

Colleen Heflin and Xiaohan Sun
This brief shows that states with higher initial OxyContin® misuse rates had an increase in food insecurity after OxyContin® reformulation. 
March 31, 2023

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Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion and Population Health