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Disparities in Vulnerability to Severe Complications from COVID-19 in the United States

Emily E. Wiemers, Scott Abrahams, Marwa AlFakhri, V. Joseph Hotz, Robert F. Schoeni , Judith A. Seltzer

Among middle-aged and older Americans, vulnerability to severe COVID-19 complications based on preexisting conditions is 2-3 times greater for those with low versus high income.

July 15, 2020

America’s Legacy of Redlining State-Sponsored Segregation & Disenfranchisement of Urban Minority

Ashley Van Slyke

The effects of redlining remain prominent nearly a century later and continue to contribute to racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities.

July 13, 2020

Digital Disinformation Is a Threat to Public Health

Austin McNeill Brown

In times of public health crises, like COVID-19, a country’s residents must be able to access valid, timely, and evidence-based information that can guide behaviors and prevention strategies. Disinformation undermines these efforts and represents an existential threat to U.S. population health.

July 7, 2020

Rural Ohio Faces High Health Risk during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Danielle Rhubart, Shannon M. Monnat, Yue Sun

Residents of Ohio's most rural counties are at high risk of hospitalization and death due to COVID-19.

July 6, 2020

New York’s Recovery Drove National COVID-19 Case Reduction

Sarah Hamersma

National COVID-19 trends mask large differences in trends across U.S. states. Reductions in March & April were due almost entirely to declines in New York. The failure of other states to enact strong physical distancing protocols and/or reopening too early has led to our current national surge in cases.

July 2, 2020

High COVID-19 Mortality Risk in Pennsylvania’s Rural Counties

Raeven Faye Chandler, Shannon M. Monnat, Yue Sun

COVID-19 cases in Pennsylvania have been concentrated in eastern urban counties this far. However, the 14-day incident rate has recently begun increasing in several rural counties that have high prevalence of several chronic health conditions that increase risk of severe complications and death from COVID-19.

July 2, 2020

Preventing Heat-Related Fatalities during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Danielle Rhubart

The deadliest weather-related health outcomes in the U.S. are heat-related. Older adults – especially those in the most urban and rural areas of the US - are at high risk of heat-related death.

July 1, 2020

Increased COVID Risk for Adults with Disability Living in Residential Group Homes

Scott D. Landes

Adults with intellectual and/or developmental disability living in group homes in New York are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 outcomes, including death.

June 29, 2020

New York State’s Rural Counties Have Higher COVID-19 Mortality Risk

Shannon M. Monnat , Yue Sun

As New York’s regions move through their various phases of reopening businesses and recreations activities, policymakers and residents should be mindful of the underlying health vulnerabilities and the higher COVID-19 mortality risk in several of NY’s rural counties. Is your county at high risk?

June 25, 2020

Stories from the Frontlines of the COVID-19 Response in New York

Ashley Van Slyke

This brief features the stories of a nurse and national guardsman from Central NY who served on the frontline of the COVID-19 response during the early days of the outbreak in New York City. These frontline workers described patient overcrowding, equipment shortages, feeling physically and emotionally exhausted, and lessons learned from their experiences.

June 24, 2020

Homelessness during COVID: Understanding, Preventing Risk of Virus Spread in Vulnerable Population

Ashley Van Slyke

This brief describes how individuals who are homeless are experiencing COVID-19 and efforts by various cities and organizations to prevent transmission.

June 22, 2020

Major Causes of Death among Adults with Down Syndrome

Scott D. Landes

Adults with Down syndrome often die at earlier ages than their peers in the general population.

June 17, 2020

Black Lives Matter: Police Brutality in the Era of COVID-19

Tyra Jean

Although police brutality and COVID-19 are separate tragedies, they intersect. This brief describes how, from COVID-19 to police brutality, the U.S. black population consistently bears the burden of life-threatening consequences due to structural racism throughout multiple institutions.

June 16, 2020

See related: COVID-19

Workers with Disabilities May Remain Unemployed Long after the COVID-19 Pandemic

Jennifer D. Brooks

While the re-opening of the U.S. economy promises a return to work for some, this may not be the case for many displaced workers with disabilities. This issue brief describes the intricacies of employability of workers with disabilities .

June 15, 2020

COVID-19, Anxiety, and Depression: Evidence from the U.S. Household Pulse Survey

Xiaoyan Zhang

A large share of U.S. adults report feelings of anxiety and depression during COVID-19. The interactive figure allows you to explore demographic differences in reports of depression and anxiety among U.S. adults during COVID-19.

June 11, 2020

The Health Consequences of Riot Control Methods

Austin McNeill Brown

Riot control tactics pose a risk to the health and safety of protestors. This issue brief examines the health implications of riot control methods such as tear gas, pepper spray, and “less than lethal” munitions and the role of such techniques in recent protests.

June 10, 2020

Accidental Drownings are Predictable and Preventable

Mary E. Helander, Margaret K. Formica, Alexandra Punch

Drowning is the 3rd leading cause of unintentional injury-related death in the world for all age groups, with one third of fatal and nonfatal drownings occurring with the hours of 4pm and 8pm. This data slice gives helpful advice on how to stay safe while cooling off.

June 10, 2020

See related: Crime & Violence

This World is Exhausting, don’t Let it Exhaust You: Setting Emotional Boundaries to Prevent Fatigue

Mary Katherine A. Lee

How can you show compassion and empathy without draining your emotional energy? This issue brief provides tips on how to set personal boundaries to prevent emotional exhaustion.

June 9, 2020

Protecting your Mental Health during COVID-19

Ashley Van Slyke

COVID-19 has presented an onslaught of change and uncertainty, leaving many people feeling isolated and disconnected. This brief describes strategies we can try to protect our mental health during this uncertain time.

June 8, 2020

Aging-in-Place Organizations are Key to Building Disaster Resilience for Older Adults

Claire Pendergrast

COVID-19 has tragically demonstrated the serious threat that pandemics and other disasters pose to older adults’ health, safety, and well-being. What role can senior centers and senior villages play in protecting older adults’ health and building their resilience during COVID-19 and other disasters?

June 5, 2020

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Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion and Population Health