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Adopting the Standard Medical Deduction Increased State SNAP Enrollment and Benefits

Yuwei Zhang, Jun Li, Dongmei Zuo, and Colleen M. Heflin
This brief summarizes findings from a study that examined the associations between state SMD adoption and SNAP participation and benefits from 2004 to 2019.
April 9, 2024

Spending Time Socializing in Bars Increases the Risk of Heavy Drinking

Danielle Rhubart, Jennifer Kowalkowski, and Yiping Li
This brief uses data from the 2022 Rural Health and Engagement Survey to examine relationships between time spent in bars and heavy drinking. 
April 2, 2024

Older Adults are at Greater Risk of OUD in Communities with High Social Vulnerability

Tse-Chuan Yang, Seulki Kim, Stephen A. Matthews, and Carla Shoff
This brief summarizes findings from a study that used data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to examine how county characteristics contributed to the prevalence of OUD among Medicare beneficiaries age 65+ in U.S. counties in 2021.
March 26, 2024

The Impact of Industrial Animal Agriculture on the Physical Health of Communities of Color

Mariana Zepeda
This brief summarizes the health risks for communities located near CAFOs. Additionally, it calls for government regulations that improve transparency, management, and consumer empowerment.
March 19, 2024

Waiving SNAP Interviews during the COVID19 Pandemic Increased SNAP Caseloads

Colleen Heflin, William Clay Fannin, Leonard Lopoo, and Siobhan O’Keefe
This brief summarizes findings from a recent study that used data from SNAP offices across 10 states to examine the impact of SNAP interview waivers on SNAP caseloads from January 5th to April 30th of 2021. 
March 12, 2024

Cognitive Functioning is Higher among Older Adults in Walkable Neighborhoods

Tse-Chuan Yang, Seulki Kim, Seung-won Emily Choi, Shannon Halloway, Uchechi A. Mitchell, and Benjamin A. Shaw
This brief summarizes findings from a study that aims to understand how U.S. older adults’ (age 65+) exposures to residential neighborhood environments – specifically walkability and concentrated socioeconomic disadvantage – are associated with their cognitive functioning between 2010 and 2018.
March 5, 2024

Infant Mortality Rates Vary Substantially across Regions of the United States

Marissa Merrifield
This data slice uses data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to compare infant mortality rates by geographic region in the U.S. between 2017-2021.
February 27, 2024

What Factors Increase Risk of Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementia?

Elizabeth Vásquez and Kai Zhang
This data slice uses nationwide data from 3,155 counties in the U.S. to identify the factors that best predict county-level rates of Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias (ADRDs) in 2018. 
February 20, 2024

Black Women Have the Highest Maternal Mortality Rate in the United States

Tori-Ann Haywood
This data slice uses data from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics to describe U.S. maternity mortality rates for women ages 15-45 across different ethnoracial groups between 2018-2022.
February 13, 2024

Are We Accurately Counting the Disabled Population in the United States?

Nastassia Vaitsiakhovich, Scott D. Landes, and Bonnielin K. Swenor

This brief summarizes findings from a recent study that used the 2011-2012 NHIS data to compare the prevalence of the disabled population estimated in the NHIS by using two sets of questions on disability – those from the American Community Survey vs. those from the Washington Group Short Set (WG-SS). Results show that the WG-SS undercounted more than half of adult respondents aged 18 and over who reported being disabled in the ACS questions.

February 6, 2024

Pain Limits Family Caregivers’ Daily Activities

Shelbie G. Turner, Karl A. Pillemer, Jamie R.M. Robinson, and M. Cary Reid
This brief summarizes findings from a recent study that estimated the prevalence of arthritis and activity-limiting pain among family caregivers to older adults. Over half of all caregivers reported bothersome pain in the previous month, 24% of whom had pain that limited their activities on most or every day.

January 30, 2024

Why is Food Insecurity High among U.S. Grandparents who are Caring for Grandchildren?

Madonna Harrington Meyer and Anna Delapaz
This brief draws on interviews with U.S. adults ages 60 and older who are caring for their grandchildren to summarize the factors contributing to food insecurity among grandparents.
January 23, 2024

Asian Americans Experienced Large Increases in Anxiety between 2020 and 2022

Tianqi Zhou
This data slice shows that while Asian adults in the United States have lower average anxiety levels than other ethnoracial groups, they experienced the largest increase in average anxiety between 2020 and 2022. 
January 16, 2024

Cognitive Functioning among U.S. Older Adults Differs by Gender and Urbanicity

Elizabeth Lawrence, Samantha John, and Tirth Bhatta
This data slice uses data from the Health Retirement Study to describe how cognitive functioning among adults ages 50+ differed by gender and across urban, suburban, and ex-urban areas in the U.S. from 1999-2016. 
January 9, 2024

The Government Must Revise Public Housing Policies to Protect Vulnerable Populations from Evictions

Caroline Grabowski
This brief describes how the Anit-Drug Abuse Act negatively affects housing outcomes among people who use drugs and their families and advocates for an approach that prioritizes the long-term health and wellbeing among public housing tenants.
December 19, 2023

Bridging the Gap: Reducing Disparities in Reproductive Healthcare for Black and White Women

Emma Weiden
This brief summarizes disparities in reproductive healthcare outcomes for Black women compared to White women in the U.S., advocates for policy changes, and provides recommendations for addressing racial disparities to create more equitable reproductive healthcare.
December 12, 2023

Stronger Regulations on Air Pollution Could Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Rates

Yue Sun
Cutting air pollution to match the World Health Organization’s proposed standards could have prevented over 300,000 cardiovascular disease deaths in 2016-18.
December 5, 2023

Behavioral Science Interventions Could Increase SNAP Comprehension Among Military Families

Colleen Heflin, Hannah Patnaik, Leonard Lopoo, and Siobhan O’Keefe
Making small behavioral science informed changes to SNAP informational flyers increased military & veteran families’ knowledge about benefits & may help to increase SNAP uptake in this population. 
November 28, 2023

Renegotiating Support and Benefits for Veterans with Less Than Honorable Discharges

Mariah Brennan and Emily Graham
This brief summarizes the different military discharge types, explains how less than “Honorable” discharges can affect veteran health, identifies groups of veterans who are at risk of receiving a less than “Honorable” discharge, and makes policy recommendations for the Department of Defense (DoD), civilian employers, and community healthcare providers.
November 22, 2023

Sexual Minorities are More Depressed and Anxious than Heterosexuals in the U.S.

Joshua Grove
This data slice uses data from the 2022 National Wellbeing Survey to explore the prevalence of depression and anxiety among U.S. adults ages 18-64.

November 14, 2023

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Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion and Population Health